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Children, Youth, & Families

ASPE produces a range of policy research to promote child development, early childhood care and education, child welfare, positive youth development, and child and family well-being. 

Resources for Youth and Youth Programs This page features resources to help create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs. Included are youth facts, funding information, and tools to help you assess community assets, generate maps of local and federal resources, search for evidence-based youth programs, and keep up-to-date on the latest youth-related news. This page provides youth-focused resources and opportunities that inspire and empower young people to make a difference in their lives and in the world around them by improving their knowledge and leadership skills. 


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IV-E Prevention Toolkit: Understanding Roles of Funding and Decision Points

March 11, 2020
This toolkit aims to help states develop a plan for Title IV-E prevention services, and to assist states in planning a comprehensive array of services to help prevent the need for foster care placement (“prevention services”) by braiding Title IV-E prevention services reimbursement with Medicaid and other funding mechanisms.

National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Progress Report: Year 4

February 13, 2020
Antibiotic Resistance continues to pose a significant threat to our Nation’s public health. To coordinate and enhance the public health response to this threat, the U.S. Government developed the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria (CARB). The CARB Task Force is co-chaired by HHS, USDA, and DOD.

Challenges in Providing Substance Use Disorder Treatment to Child Welfare Clients in Rural Communities

January 13, 2020
This brief summarizes the challenges involved in serving rural child welfare-involved families with substance use issues. We highlight differences between rural and non-rural areas and discuss strategies that could help alleviate difficulties in addressing child welfare cases in rural communities. Key findings include:

The Cost of Subsidized Child Care: 2005-2016

October 24, 2019
This research brief presents findings using national data from child care subsidy administrative records that states submit to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The analysis shows that a greater percentage of subsidized care occurred in licensed child care centers in FY 2016 than in FY 2005.

Factsheet: Estimates of Child Care Eligibility & Receipt for Fiscal Year 2016

October 22, 2019
This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 13.3 million children eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 15 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.5 million children eligible for child care subsidies under state rules, 24 percent received subsidies. Poorer children were more likely to receive subsidies than less poor children.
ASPE Issue Brief

An Examination of the Use and Effectiveness of Child Support Enforcement Tools in Six States

October 22, 2019
Child support programs use various strategies called “enforcement tools” to collect critical monetary support for custodial families from noncustodial parents. The enforcement of child support is intended to encourage parental responsibility so that children receive financial, emotional, and medical support from both parents, even when they live in separate households.

National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease: 2019 Update

October 17, 2019
Printer Friendly Version in PDF Format (117 PDF pages)

2018 HHS Health and Human Trafficking Symposium—Takeaways and Next Steps

October 10, 2019
This report details takeaways and next steps from the HHS Health and Human Trafficking Symposium on November 28–29, 2018.


July 22, 2019
People with behavioral health conditions such as serious mental illness (SMI) and substance use disorders (SUDs), including opioid use disorder (OUD), are 3-6 times more likely than the general population to be represented in the criminal justice system.

Patterns of Treatment/Therapeutic Foster Care and Congregate Care Placements in Three States

July 11, 2019
This report provides a quantitative analysis of three states’ use of therapeutic foster care, an intensive, treatment-focused form of foster care provided in a family setting by trained caregivers.