ADVISORY COUNCIL ON ALZHEIMER'S RESEARCH, CARE, AND SERVICES
Friday, April 27, 2018
Printer Friendly Version in PDF Format (12 PDF pages)
FINAL REPORT TO THE NAPA ADVISORY COUNCIL
Katie Maslow and Rohini Khillan
Overview and Context for the Recommendations
- The recommendations in this report are distilled from nearly 700 research recommendations submitted by summit participants.
- The summit brought together a wide array of stakeholders to build understanding about the many different topics and issues they are working on and concerned about.
- The summit recommendations are relevant to this wide array of stakeholders (persons living with dementia, caregivers, researchers, research funders, foundations, service providers, advocacy groups, payers, professional and provider organizations, and others).
- The recommendations were made by attendant stakeholders and experts and are not intended to commit any organization or group to any particular action
- Modeled after final reports produced by NIA and NINDS
- Short background section about the lead-up to the summit
- Main research recommendations from the summit
- All materials available on the Care Summit website: https://aspe.hhs.gov/national-research-summit-care-services-and-supports-persons-dementia-and-their-caregivers
- Persons living with dementia: includes all those who have a diagnosis of dementia, regardless of cause(s) or stage of dementia, and those with cognitive impairment consistent with dementia who have not yet received a diagnosis. The term, "Persons living with dementia" includes persons with intellectual disabilities and dementia.
- Caregivers: includes family members (unpaid or paid) and neighbors, friends, fictive kin, and anyone else who provides unpaid assistance to persons living with dementia. The report uses other terms for professional, paraprofessional and other paid caregivers, e.g., physicians, nurses, social workers, nursing assistants, and home health aides.
|Source||Number of Research Recommendations||Specific Source|
|Stakeholder groups||150||Persons Living with Dementia. 6
Family Caregivers. 27
Service Providers. 74
|Cross-cutting chairs||35||Technology. 5
Women's Issues. 22
|Plenaries||43||Context for the Summit. 11
|Session Speakers||313||Session I. 71
Session II. 77
Session III. 16
Session IV. 20
Session V. 44 + Moderated panel discussion in the middle of Session V. 18
Session VI. 39 + Moderated panel discussion at the end of Session VI. 28
|Day 3 synthesis from Chairs||47
(Many of these are combinations of recommendations from the session speakers.)
|Session I. 10
Session II. 9
Session III. 5
Session IV. 4
Session V. 9
Session VI. 10
|Recommendations from Pre-summits||56
(Many of these were presented by session speakers)
|National Institute on Aging Pre-summit. 15
UC Davis Pre-summit. 12
National Alliance for Caregiving/Alzheimer's Association Pre-summit. 11
National Task Group Pre-summit. 4
PCORI Pre-summit. 14
|Public Comments on the ASPE Website||~100||At least 100; there were also about 25+ comments that were not research recommendations.|
|Notes from audience participation during Summit||~ 50||Moderated discussion after Session I. 8
Moderated discussion after Session II. 10
Moderated discussion after Session III. ~ 14
Moderated discussion after Session IV. 10
Moderated discussion after Session V. 8
|TOTAL||~ 694||This estimate assumes that that there at about 100 duplicates among recommendations from various sources and therefore subtracts 100 from the total from all sources.|
Organizing the Recommendations
- Categorized the nearly 700 research recommendations from all summit participants into 12 broad themes
- Combined the recommendations in each theme into 4 to 7 main recommendations, for a total of 58 main recommendations
- Research recommendations only: not including recommendations for policy or practice
1. Heterogeneity of Persons Living with Dementia and their Caregivers
- Recommendation 1: Develop accurate, up-to-date descriptive information about the characteristics, care needs, and services used by persons living with dementia and their caregivers.
2. Research Methods to Develop More Effective Dementia Care, Services, and Supports
- Recommendation 3: Increase the collection of self-reported data from persons living with dementia and develop standards for determining which individuals can self-report about which outcomes, at which stages of dementia.
3. Caregiver Relationships, Roles, and Networks
- Recommendation #4: Conduct a review of the established research on caregiver programs across dementia stages to determine what additional research or evidence would be needed to incorporate these evidence-based programs as a covered benefit
4. Clinical Approaches and the Lived Experience of Dementia
- Recommendation 2: Conduct studies that combine pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies to reduce dementia-related symptoms, including behavioral symptoms and functional and cognitive decline, and determine whether reduction in symptoms can slow disease progression.
5. Engaging Persons Living with Dementia and Caregivers in Research
- Recommendation 2: Develop and evaluate promising practices for increasing engagement of persons living with dementia and their caregivers as part of research teams.
6. Dementia-Related Terminology, Nomenclature, and Stigma: Words Matter
- Recommendation 1: Analyze existing dementia-related terminology to identify confusing and stigmatizing terms, and initiate a process to select or develop terminology that will reduce stigma and support effective communication among individuals and groups.
7. Comprehensive Models for Dementia Care, Services, and Supports
- Recommendation 3. Evaluate and compare comprehensive models of care and develop new models for subgroups of persons living with dementia that are not effectively served by existing models.
8. Strategies for Scaling and Disseminating Existing Evidence, Drawing upon Implementation Science
- Recommendation 4: Analyze dementia-related costs to all payers, the division of costs among payers, and cost shifting.
9. Living Places, Physical and Social Environments, and Processes of Care for Persons with Dementia, Including Those who Live Alone
- Recommendation 4: Conduct research to increase understanding about how physical and social environments and processes of care can help to balance autonomy, independence, and choice vs. safety and protection from risk for persons with dementia in all types of living places, including for persons with dementia who live alone.
10. Financial Burden and Out-of-Pocket Costs to Persons Living with Dementia and their Caregivers
- Recommendation 3: Develop information about the impact of dementia-related out-of-pocket costs and financial burden on persons living with dementia and their caregivers, and identify approaches to address negative effects.
11. Ensuring an Adequate and Qualified Workforce to Support Persons with Dementia and their Caregivers
- Recommendation 1: Research the impacts of the ever-increasing aging population on the workforce infrastructure and numbers, particularly across regions and workforce type, and develop a solid evidence base for issues around recruitment and retention of workforce for dementia care.
12. Technology to Support Persons with Dementia and their Caregivers
- Recommendation 2: Develop a solid evidence base on the efficacy/effectiveness of technology-based solutions for persons living with dementia across various functional categories of use and study how technology can assist caregivers to better manage both the care needs of those they care for as well their own needs.
- Lessons learned
- Open process and the value of including as many stakeholders as possible
- Process of developing recommendations
- Topics that were not addressed due to time constraints
- Detection and diagnosis of cognitive impairment and dementia
- General medical care, including hospital care
- Post-summit activities
- Pragmatic clinical trials -- completed Dec 2017
- Early stage dementia
- Late stage dementia and end-of-life
- Defining technology and its uses
- Reaching those without access
- Living places
- Next steps before 2020
- Dissemination of the recommendations
- Developing milestones
- Release of the Final Report on April 27
- Available on the ASPE website
- Video presentation about the report
- Encouragement for summit participants and others to write journal and other articles, blog, and speak about recommendations that are most relevant to their interests and the mission and focus of their organizations.
- Role of NAPA Council
- Other (?)