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Children, Youth, & Families

ASPE produces a range of policy research to promote child development, early childhood care and education, child welfare, positive youth development, and child and family well-being. 

Resources for Youth and Youth Programs This page features resources to help create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs. Included are youth facts, funding information, and tools to help you assess community assets, generate maps of local and federal resources, search for evidence-based youth programs, and keep up-to-date on the latest youth-related news. This page provides youth-focused resources and opportunities that inspire and empower young people to make a difference in their lives and in the world around them by improving their knowledge and leadership skills. 


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Housing Instability for Noncustodial Parents: Policy Considerations

Many parents owing child support may struggle with housing instability, though little research has documented the extent of this phenomenon. This brief and infographic present estimates of the percentage of noncustodial parents who are eligible for and receive housing assistance.

Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Substantiated Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect

Buprenorphine treatment has been found to be an effective treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Child welfare systems have been partnering with treatment providers to increase access, yet little is known about its role in improving outcomes related to child maltreatment.
ASPE Issue Brief

Family Structures and Support Strategies in the Older Population: Implications for Baby Boomers Issue Brief

Family Structures and Support Strategies in the Older Population: Implications for Baby Boomers

The Multiethnic Placement Act and Transracial Adoption 25 Years Later

The Multiethnic Placement Act, as amended, enacted in 1994 and known as MEPA (or MEPA/IEP to acknowledge amendments passed in 1996), prohibits child welfare agencies that receive federal funding from delaying or denying foster or adoptive placements because of a child or prospective foster or adoptive parent’s race, color or national origin and from using those factors as a basis for denying ap
Fact Sheet

Factsheet: Estimates of Child Care Eligibility and Receipt for Fiscal Year 2017

This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 13.5 million children eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 14 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.7 million children eligible for child care subsidies under state rules, 22 percent received subsidies. Poorer children were more likely to receive subsidies than less poor children.

Understanding Substance Use Coercion as a Barrier to Economic Stability for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: Policy Implications

Substance use coercion occurs when perpetrators of intimate partner violence undermine and control their partners through substance-use related tactics and actively keep them from meeting treatment and recovery goals. Substance use coercion is common among victims of abuse and is a barrier to victims' economic stability.

Trauma-Informed Approaches: Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice to Build Resilience in Children and Families

Trauma-informed approaches provide a framework for preventing and addressing childhood trauma and building resilience in children and families.

Strategies Rural Communities Use to Address Substance Misuse among Families in the Child Welfare System

This research summary and brief describe nine programs and highlight ways they have addressed challenges to serving child welfare-involved parents with substance use issues, with a particular focus on their applicability to rural communities.

Supporting Employment among Lower-Income Mothers: Paid Family Leave and Child Care Arrangements

This is the third ASPE brief about a qualitative study examining lower-income mothers’ attachment to work around the time of childbirth and the role of state paid family leave (PFL) programs in supporting their return to employment. This brief focuses on the role of PFL in facilitating child care arrangements of a sample of mothers. Highlights are:

Early Care and Education Arrangements of Children under Age Five

Children under age five are about as likely to participate in nonparental care arrangements as they were in the mid-1990s. Children in nonparental care are now more likely to participate in center programs and less likely to receive care from family child care providers.