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Children, Youth, & Families

ASPE produces a range of policy research to promote child development, early childhood care and education, child welfare, positive youth development, and child and family well-being. 

Resources for Youth and Youth Programs This page features resources to help create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs. Included are youth facts, funding information, and tools to help you assess community assets, generate maps of local and federal resources, search for evidence-based youth programs, and keep up-to-date on the latest youth-related news. This page provides youth-focused resources and opportunities that inspire and empower young people to make a difference in their lives and in the world around them by improving their knowledge and leadership skills. 


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An Evaluability Assessment of Child Care Options for Work-Welfare Programs

MAXIMUS, Inc. April 1988 This report was prepared under contract #HHS-100-85-0004 between HHS's Office of Social Services Policy (now the Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy) and MAXIMUS, Inc. For additional information about this subject, you can visit the ASPE home page at

AIDS Children and Child Welfare: Final Report

The goals of the study are to: define the issues related to providing care to children with AIDS; place parameters around the size and scope of the problem; and attempt to clarify some of the perceptions and approaches relevant to the problem. This project focuses on children with AIDS whose parents are, or have had sexual contact with, IV drug abusers.

A Synthesis of Research on Child Care Utilization Patterns

This paper synthesizes findings on current and future trends in child care usage patterns among employed mothers of preschoolers (less than 6 years old).

Child Care Used by Working Women in the AFDC Population: An Analysis of the SIPP Data Base

This paper presents the Survey of Income and Program Participation data on child care for working guardians on AFDC. These guardians use care by relatives 58% of the time for their youngest children under 6. They are thus using informal care arrangements which are generally free or low cost instead of more formal arrangements, for which one generally must pay.

Usage of Different Kinds of Child Care: An Analysis of the SIPP Data Base

Data are presented to defend the theory that families use the kind of care which is available to them and affordable.

Foster Care for Children and Adults with Handicaps: Child Welfare and Adult Social Services Final Report

This report summarizes state-by-state data on the number of children and adults in foster homes administered by child welfare or social service agencies. As of December 1985, there were approximately 261,000 children in out-of-home foster care, including 54,000 handicapped children, of whom 14,000 were mentally retarded.

Day Care Centers: 1976-1984--Has Supply Kept Up With Demand?

This paper analyzes the growth of day care center capacity in the U.S. over two points in time, 1976 and 1984, and compares it to the change in potential demand for day care caused by the increased number of mothers with young children who were in the labor force. It concludes that day care center supply increased more than the number of young children who have mothers in the labor force.