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How Many People that Receive One Safety Net Benefit Also Receive Others

Publication Date
Suzanne Macartney and Robin Ghertner

People facing economic instability often need more than one program or service. This pre-pandemic analysis looks at the reach of the social safety net, including the interaction of specific programs, to better understand program participation as the economy continues to recover.

Key Points:

  • Participants in some programs are more likely to receive multiple benefits than others.
  • People with child care subsidies from the Child Care and Development Fund and participants in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families are the most likely to participate in other programs.
  • Participants receiving Medicaid or the earned-income tax credit were least likely to participate in two or more other programs.

Related Products:

*This content is in the process of Section 508 review. If you need immediate assistance accessing this content, please submit a request to Suzanne Macartney, Content will be updated pending the outcome of the Section 508 review.

Product Type
ASPE Data Point
Children | Low-Income Populations
Location- & Geography-Based Data
National Data
Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) | Child Care Development Fund (CCDF) | Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) | Head Start | Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) | Medicaid | Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) | Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) | Supplemental Security Income (SSI) | Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)