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Child Support

Reports

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Fact Sheet: Approaches for engaging fathers in child support programs

October 11, 2021
Child support payments are associated with increased parent-child engagement, which can lead not only to better academic and social outcomes for children but also to better parent-child and parent-parent relationships. Moreover, child support payments lifted nearly three-quarters of a million families out of poverty in 2017.

Housing Instability for Noncustodial Parents: Policy Considerations

January 14, 2021
Many parents owing child support may struggle with housing instability, though little research has documented the extent of this phenomenon. This brief and infographic present estimates of the percentage of noncustodial parents who are eligible for and receive housing assistance.
ASPE Issue Brief

An Examination of the Use and Effectiveness of Child Support Enforcement Tools in Six States

October 22, 2019
Child support programs use various strategies called “enforcement tools” to collect critical monetary support for custodial families from noncustodial parents. The enforcement of child support is intended to encourage parental responsibility so that children receive financial, emotional, and medical support from both parents, even when they live in separate households.

Illicit Substance Use and Child Support: An Exploratory Study

July 11, 2019
While child support agencies have acknowledged the rise in substance use among noncustodial parents, there is little to no research that has looked specifically at this population with substance use issues and the effects of that use on child support outcomes, including payment patterns and arrears accumulation.

Independent Contractors and Nontraditional Workers: Implications for the Child Support Program

May 9, 2019
For child support programs, the emergence of the gig economy presents a new dimension to the longstanding challenge of establishing and enforcing child support orders for noncustodial parents working outside traditional salaried employment – in jobs that are often temporary, part-time, and contingent.
Research Brief

The Child Support Performance and Incentive Act at 20: Examining Trends in State Performance

January 1, 2019
Despite broad agreement that the child support program has performed well since the passage of the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA) in 1998, questions remain over whether the current measures will continue to drive better performance on outcomes that reflect the child support program’s core mission.
Visualization

Child Support Cooperation Requirements in Child Care Subsidy Programs and SNAP: Key Policy Considerations

October 31, 2018
States have the option to require recipients of child care subsidies and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to cooperate with child support agencies seeking to establish paternity and support orders; and to enforce child support obligations as a condition of eligibility.

Are parents with a child support order more likely to be eligible for both SNAP and subsidized child care?

October 8, 2018
This analysis builds on the ASPE publication on child support cooperation requirements to determine the overlap in the populations of custodial and noncustodial parents with and without formal child support orders, that are eligible for both Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and subsidized child care (CCDF).  The data used in the infographic are based on TRIM3 analysis of the 201

Building the Next Generation of Child Support Policy Research

September 13, 2018
This project brought together policymakers, practitioners and evaluators in October 2017 to identify key policy research questions in the child support program.  The discussions, coupled with a series of informant interviews from 2016, led to the development of the research agenda.  It is a framework for the broader child support community to collectively answer pressing policy questions over t