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Public Health

Access up-to-date ASPE research on key public health topics including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza and COVID-19; health equity; antibiotic resistance; rural health; opioids, opioid use disorder and overdose prevention; maternal health; public health and health care workforce and infrastructure; immunization and vaccines; Indian health; HIV/AIDS; tobacco; and emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. Also find data on prevention, social determinants of health, and more.

HHS Initiative to Improve Maternal Health

The Department’s Action Plan lays out a vision for improving maternal health that applies a “life course” approach organized around four goals and it sets three ambitious targets to achieve this vision. Each of the four goals includes multiple objectives and action items to drive progress. The Action Plan also describes the current state of maternal health outcomes in the U.S., challenges in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity, recent efforts to improve maternal health within and beyond the federal government, and it discusses various forums in which HHS leadership sought input from key stakeholders.

Reports

Displaying 871 - 880 of 923. 10 per page. Page 88.

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The Future of SIPP for Analyzing Disability and Health

This paper was requested as part of the National Academy of Sciences, Committee on National Statistics Panel to Evaluate the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). SIPP is sponsored by the Bureau of the Census and has been an ongoing longitudinal survey of the civilian non-institutionalized population since 1983.

Estimating the Prevalence of Long-Term Disability for an Aging Society

This study was designed to provide comprehensive information about future long-term care needs in the U.S. Using data from the U.S. Decennial Census of Population and Housing, National Long-Term Care Survey and National Nursing Home Survey, the study developed detailed projections of the need for long-term care among the elderly in the years 2000, 2020 and 2040.

Prevalence and Correlates of Unmet Need Among the Elderly with ADL Disabilities

This report examines how many disabled elderly are at risk because they do not receive the assistance they need in basic self-maintenance activities. The source of data was the 1982 and 1984 National Long-Term Care Surveys.

Physical and Cognitive Impairment: Do They Require Different Kinds of Help?

Physical impairments are commonly believed to require relatively more active hands-on assistance with the activities of daily living (ADLs) while cognitive impairments use relatively more supervisory or standby assistance.

Programmatic Definitions of Disability: Policy Implications

This paper looks at programmatic definitions of disability for federal disability programs by: (1) reviewing and examining major programmatic definitions of disability, and (2) describing complex eligibility processes by using the Social Security Disability Insurance program as an example.

Publicly-Financed Home Care for the Disabled Elderly: Who Would Be Eligible?

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the variability in estimates of disability in the U.S. elderly population as a function of differing definitions of physical disability and cognitive impairment.

Effects of Multiple Admissions on Nursing Home Use: Implications for "Front-end" Policies

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Disabled: Their Health Care and Health Insurance

This paper compares the health characteristics (health status, health insurance coverage, use of physician and hospital care, and cost of care) of persons with and without disabilities. Three separate analyses are included: one on children, one on working age adults (aged 18-64), and one on the elderly. Various levels of functional disability are also examined.

Risk of Institutionalization: 1977-1985

This analysis compares predictors of institutional residency in 1977 and 1985 among two national cohorts of individuals who responded to national surveys of nursing home and community-dwelling elderly persons. A state-level analysis of change in predictors of state nursing home use rates for 1976 and 1986 was also conducted using aggregate state sociodemographic and Medicaid policy variables.

An Estimate of the Number of Persons with Developmental Disabilities Receiving Supplemental Security Income Benefits and Their Characteristics

This paper was prepared as part of the Project to Design a Survey of Persons with Developmental Disabilities. The overall purpose of this project was to develop a national survey design that would provide data on a nationally representative sample of persons. This paper was conducted to develop a National Survey of Mentally Retarded and Developmentally Disabled Persons in Community Settings.