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Public Health

Access up-to-date ASPE research on key public health topics including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza and COVID-19; health equity; antibiotic resistance; rural health; opioids, opioid use disorder and overdose prevention; maternal health; public health and health care workforce and infrastructure; immunization and vaccines; Indian health; HIV/AIDS; tobacco; and emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. Also find data on prevention, social determinants of health, and more.

HHS Initiative to Improve Maternal Health

The Department’s Action Plan lays out a vision for improving maternal health that applies a “life course” approach organized around four goals and it sets three ambitious targets to achieve this vision. Each of the four goals includes multiple objectives and action items to drive progress. The Action Plan also describes the current state of maternal health outcomes in the U.S., challenges in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity, recent efforts to improve maternal health within and beyond the federal government, and it discusses various forums in which HHS leadership sought input from key stakeholders.

Reports

Displaying 11 - 20 of 828. 10 per page. Page 2.

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ASPE Issue Brief

Trends in COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions

April 5, 2022
We document a number of key facts related to trends in COVID-19 vaccination intentions of unvaccinated adults in the United States from April 2021 to January 2022 using the Household Pulse Survey. First, among unvaccinated adults both those who were willing to vaccinate and those who were previously unwilling to vaccinate eventually vaccinated in large numbers.

Addressing Social Determinants of Health: Examples of Successful Evidence-Based Strategies and Current Federal Efforts

April 1, 2022
Long-standing health inequities and poor health outcomes remain a pressing policy challenge in the U.S. While opportunities to advance health equity through clinical care continue to be important, addressing the ways in which social determinants of health (SDOH) increase or decrease the risk of poor health outcomes is critical to improving the nation’s health and wellbeing.
Research Summary

Identifying and Supporting Human Services Participants with Substance Use Disorder: Roundtable Summary

March 28, 2022
This brief summarizes discussions among experts participating in a roundtable. The discussions focused on promising strategies to identify substance use disorder (SUD) among human services participants and refer them to treatment and recovery supports. The roundtable concentrated on four programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, child welfare, domestic violence, and Head Start.
ASPE Issue Brief

Health Coverage for Women Under the Affordable Care Act

March 21, 2022
This brief provides an overview of the important role the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has had on increasing access to comprehensive coverage among women. Over 10 million adult women (19-64) gained coverage between 2010 and 2019, as did over 7 million women of reproductive age (15-44). Despite the ACA’s coverage gains, approximately 7.9 million women of reproductive age remain uninsured.
ASPE Issue Brief

Demographic Characteristics of Adults Receiving COVID-19 Booster Vaccinations

March 18, 2022
This ASPE issue brief examines demographic characteristics of adults receiving booster doses of COVID-19 vaccines using data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Household Pulse Survey. As of March 9, 2022, 47.5 percent of the fully vaccinated adult population has received a booster.
Report

Scoping Review Report: Data Elements for Research on the Role of Social Determinants of Health in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Outcomes in the U.S.

March 7, 2022
The rapid emergence of the novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic spurred national concerns about the social determinants of health (SDOH) as risk factors for infection and their potential to negatively impact health outcomes.
Research Brief

Federal Economic Stimulus Projected to Cut Poverty in 2021, Though Poverty May Rise as Benefits Expire

February 10, 2022
To get a clear picture of how federal economic stimulus in 2021 supported people struggling economically, we projected how many people are in poverty in 2021 compared with 2019, before the pandemic. We also project the reduction in poverty related to stimulus efforts in 2021.
Report

Integrating SUD and OB/GYN Care: Policy Challenges and Opportunities Final Report

February 3, 2022
This report aims to address the treatment care models for pregnant and postpartum women with SUD by describing opportunities to integrate OB/GYN and SUD care as well as barriers to integrated care delivery.
Research Brief

The Role of Health and Human Service Providers in Preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Research Brief

February 3, 2022
This brief reviews the role of health and human service providers in preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
ASPE Issue Brief

Integrating OB/GYN and SUD Care Policy Challenges and Opportunities Issue Brief

February 3, 2022
This brief highlights specific policy challenges and opportunities for policymakers to expand access to integrated services for pregnant and postpartum women with SUD.