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Poverty & Economic Mobility

ASPE releases the annual U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines, which are used to determine financial eligibility for some Federal programs. Presented here are the poverty lines for every State and the District of Columbia. You will also find extensive resources on poverty estimates, trends, and analysis, plus historical information on poverty and the Guidelines. More broadly, this section also encompasses issues like poverty and income dynamics, and asset building and financial literacy.


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Report to Congress

Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998

September 30, 1998
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence.  This Annual Report on Welfare Indicators, October 1998 is the second of these annual reports.

Description and Assessment of State Approaches to Diversion Programs and Activities under Welfare Reform

July 31, 1998
Introduction - Significance of Diversion Programs The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-193, PRWORA) ended the individual entitlement to welfare benefits under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), established by the Social Security Act of 1935.

Counting Persons in Poverty on the Current Population Survey

July 31, 1998
This paper explains differences between the counts of persons in poverty as published by the Census Bureau, and the counts one gets when doing a simple tabulation of the public use CPS file. (ASPE Research Notes, Volume 20) [5 PDF pages]

Declining Immigrant Applications for Medi-Cal and Welfare Benefits in Los Angeles County

June 30, 1998
Declining Immigrant Applications for Medi-Cal and Welfare Benefits in Los Angeles County 1 by Wendy Zimmermann Michael Fix July 1998

Building an Employment Focused Welfare System

May 31, 1998
    Building an Employment Focused Welfare System:     Work First and Other Work-Oriented Strategies in Five States   by Pamela A. Holcomb LaDonna Pavetti Caroline Ratcliffe Susan Riedinger June 1998

Implementation, Participation Patterns, Costs, and Two-Year Impacts of the Portland (Oregon) Welfare-to-Work Program: Executive Summary

April 30, 1998
Prepared for: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation U.S. Department of Education Office of the Under Secretary Office of Vocational and Adult Education

Working with Low-Income Cases: Lessons for the Child Support Enforcement System from Parents' Fair Share

April 30, 1998
Fred Doolittle Suzanne Lynn Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation