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Poverty & Economic Mobility

ASPE releases the annual U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines, which are used to determine financial eligibility for some Federal programs. Presented here are the poverty lines for every State and the District of Columbia. You will also find extensive resources on poverty estimates, trends, and analysis, plus historical information on poverty and the Guidelines. More broadly, this section also encompasses issues like poverty and income dynamics, and asset building and financial literacy.

Reports

Displaying 11 - 20 of 387. 10 per page. Page 2.

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Housing Instability for Noncustodial Parents: Policy Considerations

January 14, 2021
Many parents owing child support may struggle with housing instability, though little research has documented the extent of this phenomenon. This brief and infographic present estimates of the percentage of noncustodial parents who are eligible for and receive housing assistance.

Understanding Substance Use Coercion as a Barrier to Economic Stability for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: Policy Implications

October 19, 2020
Substance use coercion occurs when perpetrators of intimate partner violence undermine and control their partners through substance-use related tactics and actively keep them from meeting treatment and recovery goals. Substance use coercion is common among victims of abuse and is a barrier to victims' economic stability.

Projections of Poverty and Program Eligibility during the COVID-19 Pandemic

October 15, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic and the slowdown in economic activity have impacted the well-being of many U.S. families. Unemployment peaked at 14.7 percent in April, and remained above 8 percent in August. The CARES Act and the Family First Coronavirus Response Act used several short-term policy strategies to address this challenge.

Supporting Employment among Lower-Income Mothers: Paid Family Leave and Child Care Arrangements

July 20, 2020
This is the third ASPE brief about a qualitative study examining lower-income mothers’ attachment to work around the time of childbirth and the role of state paid family leave (PFL) programs in supporting their return to employment. This brief focuses on the role of PFL in facilitating child care arrangements of a sample of mothers. Highlights are:

Facilitating Low-Income Families’ Use of Emergency Paid Family Leave: Considerations for Human Services Agencies in Supporting Workers and Their Employers

April 2, 2020
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020 Congress enacted emergency paid family leave (Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act) as well as emergency paid sick leave. This brief suggests lessons for facilitating the use of emergency paid family leave by lower-income families, drawing on research by ASPE on families’ participation in state paid family leave programs.

Analysis of State Efforts to Comply with Fair Labor Standards Act Protections to Home Care Workers

January 7, 2020
Analysis of State Efforts to Comply with Fair Labor Standards Act Protections to Home Care Workers Pamela J. Doty, Ph.D., and Marie R. Squillace, Ph.D. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Edward Kako, Ph.D.
ASPE Issue Brief

An Examination of the Use and Effectiveness of Child Support Enforcement Tools in Six States

October 22, 2019
Child support programs use various strategies called “enforcement tools” to collect critical monetary support for custodial families from noncustodial parents. The enforcement of child support is intended to encourage parental responsibility so that children receive financial, emotional, and medical support from both parents, even when they live in separate households.

Illicit Substance Use and Child Support: An Exploratory Study

July 11, 2019
While child support agencies have acknowledged the rise in substance use among noncustodial parents, there is little to no research that has looked specifically at this population with substance use issues and the effects of that use on child support outcomes, including payment patterns and arrears accumulation.

Aligning Federal Performance Indicators Across Programs Promoting Self-Sufficiency: Key Considerations For Policymakers

July 1, 2019
This brief summarizes the current set of federal performance indicators and provides key policy considerations for policymakers and administrators within federal and state agencies who are interested in building a framework for coordinated performance measurement.