Advisory Council October 2018 Meeting Presentations: Panel 3

10/19/2018

ADVISORY COUNCIL ON ALZHEIMER'S RESEARCH, CARE, AND SERVICES

Friday, October 19, 2018

Printer Friendly Version in PDF Format (31 PDF pages)

 

Integrating Clinical and Home and Community Based Services

 

Presenters

  • Becky A. Kurtz, J.D., Moderator
    • NAPA Advisory Committee Member
    • Director, Area Agency on Aging, Atlanta Regional Commission
  • Tim Engelhardt
    • Director, CMS Office of Medicare and Medicaid Coordination
  • Debra L. Cherry, PhD
    • NAPA Advisory Committee Member
    • Executive Vice President, Alzheimer's LA
  • Kathy Velsey
    • President/CEO, Bay Aging dba VAAACares
  • Marisa Scala-Foley
    • Director, Aging and Disability Business Institute, n4a

Public Policy Framework for Improving Population Health

Pie Chart: Genes and Biology (10%), Social and Economic Factors (40%), Health Behaviors (30%), Clinical Care (10%), Physical Environment (10%).
Tarlov AR. Public policy frameworks for improving population health. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1999; 896: 281-93.

Elizbeth H. Bradley and Lauren A. Taylor

"The United States is spending an extraordinary amount on health care as defined by the OECD. But the United States is not spending as much as other industrialized countries on fortifying crucial social services that help make people healthy."

The American Health Care Paradox: Why Spending More is Getting Us Less (2013) at p. 14

Older Americans Act Funding, Medicare Spending, And Older Adult Population Growth

Line Chart.
Source: Adapted from Parikh RB, Montgomery A, Lynn J. The Older Americans Act at 50--community-based care in a value-driven era. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(5):399-401. Values have not been adjusted for inflation.

Health Affairs

Health Affairs website screen shot.
https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20180130.620899/full/

The National Plan

  • Released by HHS Secretary Sebelius on May 15, 2012 during International Research Summit at NIH
  • Balance work on treatments with care needed by people with the disease and their families now
  • National Plan, not just a federal plan: Requires engagement of public and private sector stakeholders
  • Long-term goals, strategies to achieve those goals, and immediate actions
  • Transparent reporting on progress:
    • Implementation timeline is appendix
    • Bi-annual reporting on progress to Advisory Council
  • Plan Iterations occur annually

 

Panel Discussion

Tim Engelhardt, Director, CMS Office of Medicare and Medicaid Coordination
Debra Cherry, PhD, Advisory Council Member
Kathy Vesley-Massey, CEO, VAAA Cares
Marisa Scala-Foley, Dir., Aging and Disability Business Institute, n4a

Moderator: Becky Kurtz

 

Better Serving Dually Eligible Individuals with Dementia through Integrated Care

Tim Engelhardt, Director
Medicare-Medicaid Coordination Office
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Dually eligible beneficiaries

  • 12 million individuals are simultaneously enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid
  • The dually eligible population
    • Higher incidence of chronic conditions, disability
      • 41% have at least one mental health dx
      • 41% eligible for Medicare due to disability (vs. 8% for non-dual Medicare beneficiaries)
      • About half use long term services and supports
      • 19% have Alzheimer's or related dementia
  • How it works
    • Duals navigate two separate programs:
      • Medicare for the coverage of most preventive, primary, and acute health care services and drugs.
      • Medicaid for the coverage of long-term care supports and services, certain behavioral health services, and for help with Medicare premiums and cost-sharing.
      • Where benefits overlap, Medicare is primary payer.

Dually eligible beneficiaries as a share of Medicare and Medicaid enrollment and spending

Stacked Bar Chart: Medicare beneficiaries: 53.9 million (80% Non-dual Medicare beneficiaries; 20% Dually eligible beneficiaries); Medicare spending: $565.2 billion (66% Non-dual Medicare beneficiaries; 34% Dually eligible beneficiaries); Medicaid beneficiaries: 73.6 million (85% Non-dual Medicare beneficiaries; 15% Dually eligible beneficiaries); Medicaid spending: $371.7 billion (68% Non-dual Medicare beneficiaries; 32% Dually eligible beneficiaries).
Note: Charts include all dually eligible beneficiaries (FFS, managed care, and ESRD). Medicaid spending amounts exclude Medicaid payments of Medicare premiums. Exhibit excludes administrative spending. Source: MedPAC-MACPAC Data Book 2018

Dual eligibility correlates to poorer outcomes in Medicare programs

Program ASPE findings for dually-enrolled vs. non-dually-enrolled beneficiaries
Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program - 10-31% higher risk-adjusted odds of readmission
Hospital-Acquired Conditions Reduction Program - Higher safety event rates for 4/8 individual events; lower for 2/8
Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program - 5-14% lower risk-adjusted odds of mortality
- 4% higher risk-adjusted spending per episode
Medicare Advantage - Performance worse on 17/20 quality measures
Medicare Shared Savings Program - 18% higher risk-adjusted odds of readmission
- 16% higher age/gender-adjusted odds of COPD admission
- 14% lower age/gender-adjusted odds of HF admission
Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier - 11-20% higher risk-adjusted odds of readmission
- 80-230% higher risk-adjusted odds of preventable admission
- $725-$2,979 higher risk-adjusted costs
ESRD Quality Incentive Program - Performance worse on 5/5 quality measures
Skilled Nursing Facility Readmissions - 4% lower risk-adjusted odds of readmission
Home Health Readmissions and ED Use - 9% higher risk-adjusted readmission rates
- 18% higher risk-adjusted ED use rates
ASPE Report to Congress: Social Risk Factors and Performance Under Medicare's Value-Based Purchasing Programs. December 2016. https://aspe.hhs.gov/pdf-report/report-congress-social-risk-factors-and-performance-under-medicares-value-based-purchasing-programs.

Misaligned incentives

  • Critical point: Misaligned incentives across states and CMS
    • State investments in Medicaid services to improve care for dually eligible beneficiaries (e.g. enhanced behavioral health, LTSS) may result in savings that accrue to Medicare from lower acute care utilization -- or vice versa.
    • Historically, states have either:
      • Shouldered the burden of such investments without sharing in the acute care savings,
      • Carved out dually eligible beneficiaries of their care management programs, and/or
      • Passively (and sometimes actively) shifted costs to Medicare.
    • Integrated care holds promise for realigning incentives.

Current Approaches to Integrated Care

  • Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE)
    • PACE is a unique capitated managed care benefit for the frail elderly.
    • PACE features a comprehensive medical and social service delivery system using an interdisciplinary team approach in an adult day health center that is supplemented by in-home and referral services in accordance with participants' needs.
  • Dual Eligible Special Needs Programs (D-SNPs)
    • Dual Eligible Special Needs Plans (D-SNPs) enroll individuals who are entitled to both Medicare and Medicaid. D-SNPs are Medicare Advantage plans that are specifically designed to provide targeted care and limit enrollment to special needs individuals. When paired with a Medicaid MCO operated by the same organization, a beneficiary can receive all of her services from one place.

Overview of the Financial Alignment Initiative

  • Background
    • A longstanding barrier to coordinating care for the dually eligible population is the financial misalignment between Medicare and Medicaid. That is, investments or disinvestments in one program may result in savings or costs to the other program.
      • Individuals with Alzheimer's and related dementias among populations that may feel that financial misalignment most acutely
    • CMS is testing models to integrate the service delivery and financing of both Medicare and Medicaid through federal-state demonstrations to better serve the population.
  • Goal
    • Reduce expenditures while preserving or enhancing quality of care
    • Increase access to quality, seamlessly integrated services for the dually eligible population.
State map.
1 CMS and NY operate two separate capitated demonstrations, both in the New York City area.

Cal MediConnect

  • Financial Alignment Initiative demonstration in California
  • 10 Medicare-Medicaid plans serving 115,000 beneficiaries
  • Leverage three-way contract provisions to identify, document, and support beneficiaries with dementia diagnosis
    • Health risk assessments and care plans
    • Caregivers
    • Dementia care specialists
  • Alzheimer's of Greater Los Angeles estimates almost 200,000 dually eligible beneficiaries in California and 71,000 in Los Angeles county have Alzheimer's or a related dementia.

 

The Dementia Cal MediConnect Project

Debra L Cherry, PhD

Funding

  • This project was supported, in part, by grant numbers 90DS2002-01-00 and 90DS2017-01-00, from the Administration on Aging, U.S. Administration for Community Living, Department of Health and Human Services and the California Department of Aging.
  • Additional funding was provided by:
    • The Change AGEnts Initiative Dementia Caregiving Network, funded by The John A. Hartford Foundation through a multi-year grant to The Gerontological Society of America
    • The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation
    • The Ralph M. Parsons Foundation
    • The Allergan Foundation
    • The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation

 

Organizational Chart: Administration for Community Living leads to state aging departments, which leads to Alzheimer's Greater Los Angels, then leads to other Alzheimer's Association office and health care offices.

Policy Levers for DCMC Project

  • 3 Way Contracts -- Dementia Care Specialists
  • Guidance on Identifying a Caregiver
  • Informational Bulletin on Dementia

Dementia Cal MediConnect Project Goal: Creating Dementia-Capable Systems of Care

  • Better detection & documentation of patients with dementia
  • Better identification, assessment, support and engagement of family/friend caregivers
  • Better partnerships with community-based organizations

The Dementia Cal MediConnect Project: Key Compon

  • Advocacy with health plans, state and CMS - Making the case for focusing on dementia care
  • Care manager training and support
  • Health plan technical assistance
  • Support services for patients and caregivers through the health plans and/or through referrals to local Alzheimer's organizations for:
    • Disease education
    • Caregiver support
    • Care planning
    • I & R
    • Respite

Indicators of a Dementia Capable System

  1. Better detection of patients with dementia
    • Include cognitive impairment questions in the HRA and other assessments
    • Adopt a validated screening tool
    • Document cognitive assessment in the e-medical record
    • Establish a follow-up protocol if the cognitive screen is positive
  2. Better identification, assessment, support and engagement of family/friend caregivers
    • Identify caregiver and document him/her/them in the eMR
    • Assess the caregiver's needs
    • Provide or arrange for disease education and support
    • Engage the patient, as appropriate, and the caregiver in care planning
    • Develop a care plan based on person- and family-centered needs
  3. Better partnership with Community-Based Organizations Adoption of a proactive referral tool to connect families to LTSS like:
    • Respite
    • Meals on Wheels
    • Support groups
    • Caregiver education
    • Care counseling
    • Disease education

Care Manager Training

  • Care manager training (8 hours)
    • 10 health plans plus PPGs and contracted LTSS organizations
    • Nearly 500 care managers
  • Dementia Care Specialist trainings (12 hours)
  • 9 health plans
  • 109 specialists trained to date

Dementia Care Manager Training Content

  • Fundamentals of Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias
    • AD8 Screening
  • Practical Dementia Care Management
    • IDEA! Behavior Management Approach
    • Caregiver Tip Sheets on Behaviors
    • Best Practice Care Plans
  • Caring for the Caregiver
  • Resources/Support Services
    • ALZ Direct Connect

Tool to Facilitate Warm Referrals

ALZ Direct Connect Referral Form screen shot.
https://www.alzheimersla.org//wp-content/uploads/2017/01/ALZ-Direct-Connect-Referral.pdf

Plain Language Caregiver Tip Sheets

  • Anger and Fighting
  • Bathing
  • Getting Lost
  • Medications
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Sundowning
  • And more...
Poster: Keeping Home Safe.
https://www.alzheimersla.org//wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Dementia-Care-Toolkit-plain-language-fact-sheets.pdf

Alzheimer's Greater Los Angeles

  • Sample HRA Questions
  • Training Curricula for Care Managers
  • ALZ Direct Connect Form (for adaptation)
  • Dementia Care Management Toolkit
  • AD8 Dementia Screening Tool and others
  • Caregiver Identification Tool
  • Benjamin Rose Caregiver Stress and Strain Scale and others
  • Care Needs Assessment Tool
  • IDEA! Strategy for Managing Challenging Behaviors
  • Best Practice Care Plans
  • Plain Language Caregiver Tip Sheet
  • Tools Available

Evaluation

Insitute for Health & Aging

Evaluation Design

  • Care Manager training outcomes
    • Knowledge of ADRD
    • Practice change
    • Systems change
    • Pre-, post- and 6-months post surveys
  • Systems Change Tracking
    • Tracking indicators of dementia capable systems of care
    • Staff report and key informant validation

What can we say about CM practice change?

When working with a member who may have ADRD...
Bar Chart: I usually encourage them to receive a formal diagnosis=68% Yes CM Baseline, 79% Yes CM 6-Month, 81% Yes DCS 6-Month. I usually determine whether they have an informal caregiver=65% Yes CM Baseline, 76% Yes CM 6-Month, 82% Yes DCS 6-Month. I usually involve the informal caregiver in the care planning process=60% Yes CM Baseline, 76% Yes CM 6-Month, 77% Yes DCS 6-Month. I usually refer the member to available HCBS=67% Yes CM Baseline, 79% Yes CM 6-Month, 85% Yes DCS 6-Month. I usually refer the caregiver to available HCBS=56% Yes CM Baseline, 79% Yes CM 6-Month, 82% Yes DCS 6-Month. I usually refer them or their informal caregiver to Alzheimer's organizations=49% Yes CM Baseline, 82% Yes CM 6-Month, 95% Yes DCS 6-Month.

Health Plan Systems Change Results (n=10)

  • Screening and Diagnosis
    • 10 have at least one question in HRA regarding cognitive issues
    • 6 have adopted a validated screening tool into their assessment processes
    • 5 have protocols to refer members to PCP if screen is positive
  • Caregiver Identification, Assessment, and Involvement
    • 9 report documentation of caregivers in EHR
    • 10 plans report engaging caregivers in care planning and ICTs
    • 4 adopted validated measure of caregiver stress and strain, and 2 integrated into EHR
    • 7 offer or arrange for respite
    • 10 plans offer or arrange for caregiver education (group or 1:1)
  • Referrals to HCBS
    • 7 plans encourage the use of ALZ Direct Connect
    • 10 plans make referrals to local Alzheimer's organizations

Dementia Cal MediConnect Project Team

  • Project Co-Directors
    • Lora Connolly, MSG Director California Department of Aging
    • Debra L Cherry, PhD Executive Vice President Alzheimer's Los Angeles
  • Project Manager
    • Jennifer Schlesinger, MPH, CHES Director, Professional Training and Healthcare Services Alzheimer's Los Angeles
  • Project Evaluator: UCSF Institute for Health and Aging
    • Brooke Hollister, PhD
    • Leslie Ross, PhD
    • Jarmin Yeh, PhD
  • Alzheimer's Los Angeles
    • Barbra McLendon, MSW
    • Kelly Honda
    • Sergio Calderon, MPH
    • Terry Garay
    • Juan Saavedra, MSW
  • Alzheimer's Association
    • Elizabeth Edgerly, PhD
    • Ruth Gay, MS, Team Lead
    • Pauline Martinez, MA
    • Alexandra Morris, MA
    • Angie Pratt, MAS
    • Susan DeMarois
    • Claire Day
  • Alzheimer's San Diego
    • Jessica Empeño, MSW
    • Amy Abrams, MSW, MPH

 

Integrating Clinical Care and Social Supports: An Area Agency on Aging Model

Kathy Vesley
President/CEO
Bay Aging dba VAAACares®
P.O. Box 610
Urbanna, VA 23175
804-758-2386

VAAACares® is

  • A Statewide collaboration of the Virginia Network of Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs).
  • A subsidiary of Bay Aging; it serves as the 'one-stop-shop' for healthcare providers and payers to access community-based services.
  • AAAs are Aging & Disability Resource Centers (ADRCs) for persons 18 and older.
  • Previously the Eastern Virginia Care Transitions Partnership, it serves as the Hub for care transitions, chronic care management, and behavioral health integration across the State of Virginia.

Evolution of the EVCTP to VAAACares®

  • 2013
    • EVCTP's full launch under the CMS CCTP demo for CTI with 5 health systems, 69 skilled nursing facilities, and 5 Area Agencies on Aging -- covering 20% of the state
  • 2015
    • Bay Aging Initiated development of VAAACares® statewide for contract opportunities with Duals Demonstration - CTI and Care Coordination.
  • 2016
    • Based on Medicare savings and improved health outcomes, the VA General Assembly awarded funding to Bay Aging/EVCTP to demonstrate impact in Medicaid.
  • 2017
    • Success in Duals Demo led to MLTSS contracts for CTI and Care Coordination
  • 2018
    • VAAACares® emphasizes services for MCOs and ACOs, and is working to leverage new Medicare Advantage opportunities.

VAAACares® Evidence-Based, Care Transitions Intervention (CTI)©

  • 30 - 90 Day intervention targeted to patients with one or more acute hospital admissions -- based on a modified Coleman CTI model
  • VAAACares® places embedded care coordination staff at participating hospitals.
    • Participants are targeted based on high utilization rates
    • The intervention becomes part of the hospital discharge process
  • A person-centered intervention plan is developed based on assessment findings.
    • Discharge Planning Assessment
    • In-Home Assessment
    • Medication / Reconciliation post-discharge /Management Plan
    • Caregiver needs are high priority with some interventions geared to them.

Past Performance

  • CMS -- CMMI funded Community Care Transitions Provider: Eastern Virginia Care Transitions Partnership (EVCTP)
  • EVCTP: Year 2 Performance Analysis:
    • Visited 90% of chronically ill target group (high utilizer) patients from partner hospitals in their homes
    • Total Home Visits to all Hospital Patients 25,655
    • Target Group Readmission Reductions (Hospital Data)
      • 2010 Baseline 23.4%
      • Enrollee Readmission Rate 9.1%
      • Reduced ED Utilization of "Self Insured"
      • Increased PCP Utilization

Eastern Virginia Care Transitions Partnership (now d/b/a VAAACares®) Outcomes and Cost Savings

CMS Medicare Demonstration
2/2013 - 1/2016
Other Medicare
2/2016 - 12/2017
General Assembly Funded Medicaid Pilot
7/2016 - 6/2017
Managed Care Organization Duals Demo
4/2016 - 12/2017
Bar Chart: Total Enrollements 23,278; Expected Readmissions Prior to Enrollment (23.4%) 5,447; Enrollee Readmissions (9.5%) 2,221. Bar Chart: Total Enrollements 3,474; Expected Readmissions Prior to Enrollment (23.4%) 813; Enrollee Readmissions (4.2%) 145. Bar Chart: Total Enrollements 1,046; Expected Readmissions Prior to Enrollment (25%) 262; Enrollee Readmissions (3.8%) 40. Bar Chart: Total Enrollements 893; Expected Readmissions Prior to Enrollment (25%) 223; Enrollee Readmissions (7.7%) 68.

VAAACares Patient Empowerment

When given the opportunity to gain insight and skills, engaged patients are better equipped to manage their conditions, remain at home longer, and are more likely to use fewer healthcare services, thereby reducing healthcare costs.
Ruler: Mark 1=5.02 of 10 Initial Enrollment Score; Mark 2=7.88 of 10 Ending Enrollment Score.
Confidence Question: On a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all confident and 10 being completely confident, consider the following:
I am confident that I can manage and control most of my health problems.

Value Adds from AAAs

  • Assessment and home stabilization strategy Available to Caregiver and Patient
  • Components
    • Assessment
    • Medication Reconciliation and Self-Management
    • PCP Appointment Adherence
    • Red Flags
    • Patient Centered Record
  • Incorporate
    • Chronic Disease Self-Management Education
    • Fall Prevention
    • Diabetes Self-Management Education
    • Healthy Ideas / PHQ9
    • Advance Care Planning
    • Telehealth / Tele-education
  • Other Services
    • Information about ADRC services
    • Transportation
    • Nutrition / Meals on Wheels
    • Personal and Companion Care
    • Emergency Services i.e. fuel assistance
    • Environment Home Modifications & Repair
    • Adult Day Services
    • Caregiver Support

Customizable: 30-Day Traditional Intervention

  • Inclusion Criteria-Examples
    • Patient with one or more chronic conditions and/or a recent hospital admission or ED encounter
    • CHF, COPD, Diabetes, Septicemia, AMI, Pneumonia, and other high utilizers
    • Patients with "social" needs for community based services
  • Other Inclusion Criteria -- Examples
    • Individuals with dementia or Alzheimer's Disease or serious mental health issues with an active caregiver
    • Usually patients in hospice or living in long term care facilities are not included.

Customizable: Extended 90-Day Model for Higher-Risk Populations

  • Blended Care Transitions and Case Management
  • Inclusion Criteria-Examples are the same as 30-Day Model but patients have more complex needs
  • Some payers include:
    • Medicare Advantage
    • Medicare high-risk
    • Dual-Eligible
  • Support from Administration for Community Living (ACL) for the opportunity to develop and participate in demonstrations and third-party payer models
  • Third-Party Payer
    • Utilizing TCM and CCM codes ordered by physician group and/or hospitalist

Success Story: The Millers

  • About:
    • 82 year old male discharged from the hospital with a diagnosis of pneumonia. Prior recent diagnosis of dementia.
    • Mrs. Miller, his caregiver, had no local support or knowledge of how to care for Mr. Miller given his current condition and how his dementia would progress.
    • Mr. Miller was in denial of his condition and did not want to discuss what might happen if his wife fell ill and could no longer care for him.
    • His dementia progressed rapidly and other physical conditions surfaced:
      • Incontinence
      • Wandering off
      • No caution of situations that should be considered frightening
      • Constant intolerance and agitation.
  • Outcomes:
    • Enrollment in our Care Transitions Intervention program and participation in the telehealth patient monitoring program to assist Mrs. Miller in tracking her husband's vital signs for 90 days.
    • Frequent visits with a VAAACares® Health Coach to determine needs and support.
    • Referred Mrs. Miller to an Alzheimer's support group and set up respite care during her absence.
    • The coach was able to build a relationship with Mr. Miller during these sessions providing Mrs. Miller the necessary time to focus on herself.
    • Enrollment in a pilot program called FAMILIES (Family Access to Memory Impairment and Loss Information, Engagement and Supports), which connected Mrs. Miller to a Clinical Psychologist who provided counseling services via a WebEx connection that the coach provided.
      • These sessions helped her:
        • Increase her knowledge for managing her husband's dementia and how it may progress
        • Develop a care plan that works for her
        • Identify coping strategies to reduce stress and the changes in her husband's personality and behavior
  • The Millers are able to live in their home and frequent hospitalizations subsided

Thank you!

Questions?

Kathy Vesley
President/CEO
Bay Aging dba VAAACares®
P.O. Box 610
Urbanna, VA 23175
804-758-2386

 

Integrating Clinical Care with Home & Community-Based Care: New Opportunities under Medicare Advantage

Marisa Scala-Foley
Director, Aging and Disability Business Institute
n4a

The "Business Institute"

The mission of the Aging and Disability Business Institute (Business Institute) is to successfully build and strengthen partnerships between community-based organizations (CBOs) and the health care system so older adults and people with disabilities will have access to services and supports that will enable them to live with dignity and independence in their homes and communities as long as possible.

www.aginganddisabilitybusinessinstitute.org

n4a Aging and Disability Business Institute

  • Our Funders
    • The John A. Hartford Foundation
    • Administration for Community Living
    • The SCAN Foundation
    • Gary & Mary West Foundation
    • The Colorado Health Foundation
    • The Buck Family Fund of MCF
  • Our Partners
    • ILRU
    • American Society on Aging
    • Partners in Care Foundation
    • National Council on Aging, Center for Healthy Aging
    • Meals on Wheels America
    • Evidence-Based Leadership Council

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 & CHRONIC Care Act

  • New tools and strategies to address the needs of people with Medicare who have complex care needs
  • Permanently authorizes Special Needs Plans (SNPs) which target high-need/high-risk Medicare beneficiaries (i.e., dual eligibles [D-SNPs], people with chronic health conditions [C-SNPs], people living in institutions [I-SNPs])
  • Promotes integration in D-SNPs, and reduces barriers to care coordination in ACOs
  • Extended and expanded the Independence at Home Demonstration, through which comprehensive primary care services are delivered at home to Medicare beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions
  • Expanded access to telehealth in Medicare Advantage plans and ACOs

Opportunities -- Medicare Advantage (MA)

  • Expansion of Medicare Advantage supplemental benefits
    • Includes flexibility to offer some types of long-term supports and services (LTSS)
  • Changes in the following areas:
    • Uniformity requirements
    • Targeting of beneficiaries
    • Definition of "primarily health-related"

Changes for 2019

  Old Rules New Rules
Benefit uniformity Plans must offer the same benefits to all enrollees of the same plan Now allowed to target benefits to groups of enrollees who share
Supplemental benefits Supplemental must be "primarily health-related" which means, in part, not for the purpose of "daily maintenance" Broader definition of the term "primarily health-related"
Source: Tumlinson & Johnson. (2018). CHRONIC Care Act: Making the Case for LTSS in Medicare Advantage Supplemental Benefits. LTSS Summit, Sacramento, CA, The SCAN Foundation, 2018.

Defining "primarily health-related"

  • Benefits must:
    • Diagnose, prevent or treat an injury;
    • Compensate for physical impairments;
    • Act to ameliorate the functional/psychological impacts of injuries or health conditions; OR
    • Reduce avoidable emergency or health care utilization
    • Cannot be "solely or primarily used for cosmetic, comfort, general use, or social determinant" purposes
    • Benefits must be recommended by a licensed professional as part of a care plan

Examples of allowable types of supplemental benefits

  • Adult day care services
  • Home-based palliative care
  • In-home support services
  • Respite care
  • Transportation (to doctor's visits)
  • Home modification (e.g., safety devices and modifications like grab bars, shower stools, stair treads)
  • Support for caregivers
  • (Meals excluded for 2019)

Further changes in 2020

  • Expands supplemental benefits to allow benefits that "with respect to a chronically ill enrollee, have a reasonable expectation of improving or maintaining the health or overall function of the chronically ill enrollee and may not be limited to being primarily health related benefits."
  • The Secretary may waive uniformity requirement for supplemental benefits to chronically ill enrollees

Opportunities (and Advice) for Community-Based Organizations

  • Define your value proposition in terms of how the services you offer address the plan's pain points
  • Results, results, results
  • Think about approaching MA plans with your existing health care partners
  • If you have contracts with Medicaid/duals plans, approach their MA plans
  • Don't underestimate the value of retention

Resources

Questions?

For more information:
www.aginganddisabilitybusinessinstitute.org

Marisa Scala-Foley
202-580-6021

Discussion


Return to

National Alzheimer's Project Act Home Page

Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services Page

Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services Meetings Page