This ASPE issue brief examines demographic characteristics of adults receiving booster doses of COVID-19 vaccines using data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Household Pulse Survey. As of March 9, 2022, 47.5 percent of the fully vaccinated adult population has received a booster. Booster doses of the available COVID-19 vaccines are recommended for everyone aged 12 and older to protect against infection and severe disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, especially in light of emerging and circulating variants of concern. People aged 40 and above, those with a college degree or higher, people who identified as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, people with insurance coverage, and those with a household income of $75,000 and above were more likely than their respective reference groups to have received a booster. People aged 18 to 24 years, people who reported their race and/or ethnicity as non-Hispanic Black or Hispanic, people with children in the household, and those with a household income of $50,000 or less were less likely than their respective reference groups to have received a booster. These results may help to target outreach efforts and policy decisions to increase booster uptake and ensure that more of the population is protected from severe disease, hospitalization, or death due to COVID-19.
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