|Since the days when he attended his new neighborhood’s early learning center, Joe has liked school and often talks about how great his teachers have been over the years. Now in eleventh grade, Joe is a year away from being the first in his family to receive a high school diploma. Joe’s mom is proud of her son’s accomplishments and often tells him so. Joe hopes to go to college someday so that he can get a good job and move his mom into a better neighborhood. But recently, Joe has been having trouble paying attention in class. A few of his friends have dropped out and gotten jobs, and their lives seem so much easier. Joe’s starting to wonder whether all his hard work in school is really worth the effort.
(*) This fact sheet is based on a comprehensive review of scientific literature, including computer searches of the major bibliographic databases (e.g., PsycINFO, MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCOhost) looking for epidemiological studies that determine what factors make boys more or less prone to certain outcomes. The literature search was limited to scholarly journal articles and government documents published in 2000 and later unless an article was a seminal piece in the field or contributed to tracking trends over time. The statistics provided are from the most recent year for which data were available. Where possible, data related specifically to boys are included, but when these data were not available, data on youth, ages 10 to 18, are provided.