National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: 2-Year Client Survey Files: Annotated tables display key outcomes of use and cost of child care for employment

09/10/2001

                                                          Table 9.1

                                                   Program Impacts on Child Care Use
                                       While Employed During the Two-Year Follow-Up Period

                                                 Sample  Program  Control Difference   Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size    Group    Group   (Impact)   Change (%)

Ever used child care during most recent
or current job (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    33.2    29.0     4.2 **      14.4       vhanycc
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    31.8    29.0     2.9          9.9       vhanycc

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    50.0    43.3     6.7 **      15.5       vhanycc
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    42.5    43.3    -0.8         -1.9       vhanycc

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    42.5    29.4    13.1 ***     44.6       vhanycc
  Lacked high school diploma or basic               1012    39.5    23.3    16.1 ***     69.2       vhanycc
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    30.1    23.3     6.7 **      28.7       vhanycc

Columbus Integrated                                  728    38.3    36.0     2.3          6.4       vhanycc
Columbus Traditional                                 723    36.1    36.0     0.0          0.1       vhanycc

Detroit                                              426    40.6    33.2     7.5 *       22.5       vhanycc

Oklahoma City                                        511    53.3    43.6     9.6 **      22.1       vhanycc

Portland                                             610    48.9    39.0     9.9 **      25.3       vhanycc

Ever used paid child care during most recent
or current job (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    25.5    19.7     5.8 ***     29.4       paidcc
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    23.9    19.7     4.2 **      21.2       paidcc

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    39.6    32.3     7.4 ***     22.8       paidcc
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    32.0    32.3    -0.3         -0.8       paidcc

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    28.8    20.9     7.9 ***     37.6       paidcc
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    26.1    15.2    10.9 ***     72.1       paidcc
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    21.7    15.2     6.6 ***     43.3       paidcc

Columbus Integrated                                  728    28.1    22.7     5.5 *       24.2       paidcc
Columbus Traditional                                 723    25.1    22.7     2.4         10.6       paidcc

Detroit                                              426    35.9    22.9    13.0 ***     56.5       paidcc

Oklahoma City                                        511    36.1    29.5     6.6 *       22.4       paidcc

Portland                                             610    41.3    29.4    11.9 ***     40.6       paidcc

 


 

                                                              Table 9.2

                                          Program Impacts on Employment Status and Child Care Use
                                          While Employed During the Two-Year Follow-Up Period

                                                  Sample Program  Control   Difference  Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group     Group     (Impact)  Change (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment
 Child care used for employment (%)                1890    33.2     29.0         4.2 **      14.4         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   22.1     21.9         0.2          0.9         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                   10.1      6.6         3.4 ***     51.6         ccwrknft

Atlanta Human Capital Development
 Child care used for employment (%)                2199    31.8     29.0         2.9          9.9         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   24.9     21.9         2.9 *       13.3         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                    6.8      6.6         0.2          2.3         ccwrknft

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment
 Child care used for employment (%)                1158    50.0     43.3         6.7 **      15.5         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   34.6     31.8         2.8          8.8         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                   15.2     11.3         3.9 **      34.9         ccwrknft

Grand Rapids Human Capital Development
 Child care used for employment (%)                1158    42.5     43.3        -0.8         -1.9         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   30.9     31.8        -0.9         -2.8         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                   11.2     11.3        -0.1         -0.8         ccwrknft

Riverside Labor Force Attachment
 Child care used for employment (%)                1678    42.5     29.4        13.1 ***     44.6         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   29.9     18.8        11.1 ***     58.7         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                   12.6     10.5         2.1         19.5         ccwrknft

Riverside Labor Force Attachment for those who
lacked a high school diploma or basic skills
 Child care used for employment (%)                1012    39.5    23.3        16.1 ***     69.2         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   26.9    15.3        11.6 ***     76.1         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                   12.6     8.1         4.5 **      56.0         ccwrknft

Riverside Human Capital Development
 Child care used for employment (%)                1350    30.1    23.3         6.7 **      28.7         vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                   20.9    15.3         5.6 **      36.7         ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                    9.2     8.1         1.1         13.7         ccwrknft
                                                                                                  (continued)



                                                    Table 9.2 (continued)




                                                   Sample  Program  Control  Difference  Percentage
Site and Program                                     Size    Group    Group    (Impact)   Change (%)

Columbus Integrated
 Child care used for employment (%)                   728    38.3     36.0       2.3          6.4       vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                     29.4     26.8       2.6          9.6       ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                      8.4      8.5       0.0         -0.5       ccwrknft

Columbus Traditional
 Child care used for employment (%)                   723    36.1     36.0       0.0          0.1       vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                     25.8     26.8      -1.0         -3.6       ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                     10.0      8.5       1.5         17.7       ccwrknft

Detroit
 Child care used for employment (%)                   426    40.6     33.2       7.5 *       22.5       vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                     28.1     23.1       5.0         21.5       ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                     12.5     10.0       2.5         24.9       ccwrknft

Oklahoma City
 Child care used for employment (%)                   511    53.3     43.6       9.6 **      22.1       vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                     40.8     33.4       7.4 *       22.1       ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                     12.4      9.9       2.6         26.0       ccwrknft

Portland
 Child care used for employment (%)                   610    48.9     39.0       9.9 **      25.3       vhanycc
    Worked full time and used child care                     39.5     27.7      11.8 ***     42.4       ccwrkft
    Worked part time and used child care                      9.4     10.9      -1.5        -13.7       ccwrknft

 


 

                                                   Table 9.3

                                     Program Impacts on Child Care Costs for Employment at Interview
                                      for All Sample Members and for Those Employed at Interview

                                                 Sample  Program Control  Difference   Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size    Group   Group    (Impact)    Change (%)

                                                              A. For All Sample Members
Monthly cost of child care paid by respondent ($)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890      13      15      -2        -16.3       mntempai
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199      18      15       3         20.6       mntempai

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158      62      48      14 **      29.8       mntempai
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158      42      48      -6        -12.3       mntempai

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678      34      24      10 **      40.9       mntempai
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012      25      17       8         47.2       mntempai
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350      30      17      13 **      77.5       mntempai

Columbus Integrated                                  728      34      23      11 *       47.7       mntempai
Columbus Traditional                                 723      28      23       5         23.0       mntempai

Detroit                                              426      56      37      19 *       51.7       mntempai

Oklahoma City                                        511      23      24      -1         -4.3       mntempai

Portland                                             610      51      35      17         48.5       mntempai

Out-of-pocket child care paid by respondent (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    10.2    10.9    -0.7         -6.3       pktempai
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    12.9    10.9     2.0         18.6       pktempai

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    25.5    22.0     3.5         16.0       pktempai
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    18.0    22.0    -4.0 *      -18.0       pktempai

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    14.0    11.6     2.3         20.0       pktempai
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    10.5     8.4     2.1         25.2       pktempai
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    13.1     8.4     4.7 **      55.7       pktempai

Columbus Integrated                                  728    17.8    13.2     4.6 *       35.0       pktempai
Columbus Traditional                                 723    14.5    13.2     1.4         10.4       pktempai

Detroit                                              426    22.7    14.5     8.3 **      57.4       pktempai

Oklahoma City                                        511    18.5    16.7     1.8         10.7       pktempai

Portland                                             610    21.5    15.3     6.2 *       40.7       pktempai
                                                                                                (continued)



                                         Table 9.3 (continued)


                                         Program Control            Percentage
Site and Program                           Group   Group Difference Change (%)

                                         B. For Those Employed at Interview
Monthly cost of child care paid by respondent ($)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                 34      41      -7       -18.1    jobstlin
Atlanta Human Capital Development              50      41       9        21.1    jobstlin

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment           115      97      19        19.4    jobstlin
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development         87      97     -10       -10.1    jobstlin

Riverside Labor Force Attachment               82      69      13        19.4    jobstlin
  Lacked high school diploma or basic ski      72      64       8        11.7    jobstlin
Riverside Human Capital Development            87      64      23        36.0    jobstlin

Columbus Integrated                            69      56      14        24.8    jobstlin
Columbus Traditional                           64      56       8        15.1    jobstlin

Detroit                                       134     110      24        22.1    jobstlin

Oklahoma City                                  48      53      -4        -8.4    jobstlin

Portland                                      104     100       4         4.0    jobstlin

Out-of-pocket child care paid by respondent (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment               27.2    29.7    -2.5        -8.3    jobstlin
Atlanta Human Capital Development            35.3    29.7     5.7        19.2    jobstlin

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment          47.1    44.2     3.0         6.7    jobstlin
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development       37.1    44.2    -7.0       -15.9    jobstlin

Riverside Labor Force Attachment             34.1    33.6     0.5         1.6    jobstlin
  Lacked high school diploma or basic ski    30.1    31.7    -1.6        -5.0    jobstlin
Riverside Human Capital Development          37.8    31.7     6.1        19.3    jobstlin

Columbus Integrated                          36.5    32.0     4.5        14.1    jobstlin
Columbus Traditional                         33.1    32.0     1.1         3.3    jobstlin

Detroit                                      54.6    43.1    11.5        26.7    jobstlin

Oklahoma City                                38.9    36.7     2.2         5.9    jobstlin

Portland                                     43.4    44.1    -0.6        -1.5    jobstlin

 


 

Table 9.6

                            Program Impacts on Subsidized Child Care Use While Employed During Follow-Up Period
                                        for All Sample Members and for Those Who Used Paid Care

                                                  Sample  Program Control Difference Percentage
Site and Program                                    Size    Group   Group  (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                            A. For All Sample Members
Used subsidized child care for most recent job (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890     8.8     2.6     6.2 ***    237.9       nopktcc
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199     5.5     2.6     2.9 ***    111.7       nopktcc

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158     2.1     0.6     1.4 *      231.0       nopktcc
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158     2.6     0.6     1.9 **     311.3       nopktcc

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678     3.8     1.5     2.4 ***    158.3       nopktcc
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012     3.3     0.7     2.7 ***    407.7       nopktcc
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     1.4     0.7     0.8        119.9       nopktcc

Columbus Integrated                                  728     1.9     3.8    -1.9        -50.3       nopktcc
Columbus Traditional                                 723     3.7     3.8    -0.1         -3.3       nopktcc

Detroit                                              426     3.1     0.7     2.4 *      360.5       nopktcc

Oklahoma City                                        511     5.5     5.0     0.5          9.2       nopktcc

Portland                                             610     9.1     3.7     5.4 **     147.3       nopktcc

 


 

                                                   Table 9.7

Program Impacts on Transitional Child Care Benefits During the Two-Year Follow-Up Period

                                                 Sample  Program Control  Difference Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size    Group   Group    (Impact)  Change (%)

                                                              A. For All Sample Members
Informed of transitional child care benefits (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890     9.3     5.0     4.3 ***     84.8       VFCCINFO
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199     6.4     5.0     1.4         26.8       VFCCINFO

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158     6.9     2.9     4.0 ***    135.0       VFCCINFO
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158     4.2     2.9     1.3         44.6       VFCCINFO

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    10.4     3.2     7.1 ***    219.7       VFCCINFO
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012     7.4     1.9     5.5 ***    286.6       VFCCINFO
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     4.6     1.9     2.7 **     142.0       VFCCINFO

Columbus Integrated                                  728    10.8     5.0     5.9 ***    118.0       VFCCINFO
Columbus Traditional                                 723     7.1     5.0     2.2         43.7       VFCCINFO

Detroit                                              426     3.7     3.4     0.3          9.2       VFCCINFO

Oklahoma City                                        511    10.2    11.7    -1.6        -13.2       VFCCINFO

Portland                                             610    20.2    13.5     6.7 **      49.9       VFCCINFO

Used transitional child care benefits (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    12.1     5.3     6.8 ***    129.0       VFCCTRAN
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199     7.7     5.3     2.4 **      45.3       VFCCTRAN

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158     5.1     2.1     2.9 ***    135.2       VFCCTRAN
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158     3.1     2.1     0.9         42.3       VFCCTRAN

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678     3.4     1.5     1.9 ***    128.8       VFCCTRAN
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012     2.9     1.0     1.8 **     179.0       VFCCTRAN
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     1.3     1.0     0.2         22.9       VFCCTRAN

Columbus Integrated                                  728     5.4     3.9     1.5         37.7       VFCCTRAN
Columbus Traditional                                 723     4.9     3.9     1.0         26.1       VFCCTRAN

Detroit                                              426     4.5     2.1     2.5        119.5       VFCCTRAN

Oklahoma City                                        511    11.5    14.0    -2.4        -17.4       VFCCTRAN

Portland                                             610    23.5    12.5    11.0 ***     87.5       VFCCTRAN

 


 

                                                              Table 9.8

                                   Program Impacts on Child Care-Related Work Attendance for
                 Employment at Interview for All Sample Members and for Those Employed at Interview

                                                  Sample Program Control Difference   Percentage
Site and Program                                    Size   Group   Group   (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                           A. For All Sample Members
Missed or late for work at interview (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890     5.6     6.9    -1.2        -18.0       prbempai
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199     8.0     6.9     1.1         16.7       prbempai

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    12.7    10.9     1.8         16.5       prbempai
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    10.3    10.9    -0.5         -5.0       prbempai

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678     8.6     5.8     2.8 **      48.3       prbempai
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012     7.6     3.6     3.9 ***    109.6       prbempai
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     7.8     3.6     4.2 ***    116.9       prbempai

Columbus Integrated                                  728    10.9    10.2     0.7          6.5       prbempai
Columbus Traditional                                 723    10.2    10.2     0.0         -0.1       prbempai

Detroit                                              426    14.6    11.2     3.4         30.4       prbempai

Oklahoma City                                        511    13.3     9.8     3.5         35.9       prbempai

Portland                                             610    14.3     7.7     6.7 **      87.3       prbempai