APPENDIX B

Enhancing Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Management for Vulnerable Populations: Compendium of Risk Communications

Andrew M. Parker, Stefanie A. Stern, Lisa S. Meredith, Lisa R. Shugarman, Ellen Burke Beckjord, Anita Chandra and Stephanie L. Taylor

RAND Health

PDF Version: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2008/emergfrB.pdf (72 PDF pages)



TABLE OF CONTENTS

BACKGROUND
METHODS
Compendium of Risk Communication Materials for Vulnerable Populations
Compendium Search Methods
Compendium Data Extraction
Compendium Sample
RESULTS
Identify Promising Risk Communication Strategies
Identification of Gaps and Commonalities
CONCLUSIONS
Limitations
Summary
REFERENCES
NOTES
APPENDICES
APPENDIX B1: Compendium of Emergency Risk Communications for Vulnerable Populations
APPENDIX B2: Organizations Included in Compendium Sample
APPENDIX B3: Compendium of Unavailable Resources
APPENDIX B4: All-Star Score Sheet
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1: The Intersection of Public Health Emergency Preparedness, Vulnerable Populations, and Risk Communication
FIGURE 2: Compendium Sampling Flow
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1: Proportion of All-Stars Rated Highest on Each Dimension
TABLE 2: Compendium Resources by Source, Medium, Audience, Message, and Key Behavior
TABLE 3: Number of Resources Targeting Each Vulnerable Population by Emergency Type


BACKGROUND

Risk communication is a critical component of public health emergency preparedness (PHEP), response, and recovery efforts,[1] as it provides an all-important link for the public to make informed decisions about what actions to take. According to the U.S. House of Representatives,[2] public health emergency communication should be non-discriminatory, with equal access and utility to all individuals. As described in the literature review in Task 3 of this project,[3] vulnerable populations face specific challenges in their ability to access, process, and act on risk communication and may have particular needs before, during, and after emergencies.

To assist planning and response efforts for these more vulnerable populations, we created a compendium to obtain and inventory relevant communication, outreach, and education materials, related to emergency preparedness, response, and recovery, that are intended for vulnerable populations. Specifically, the purposes of this compendium are:

  1. To provide a list of resources to public health emergency planners and those working to deliver risk communications to vulnerable populations.

  2. To identify promising risk communication strategies.

  3. To identify gaps and commonalities in available resources.

Risk communication has been defined as an interactive process of exchange of information and opinion among individuals, groups, and institutions. It involves multiple messages about the nature of risk and other messages, not strictly about risk, that express concerns, opinions, or reactions to risk messages or to legal and institutional arrangements for risk management.[4] For purposes of this task, and in keeping with other discussions of risk communication,[5, 6] we focus on communications regarding risks that specifically include actionable information. That is, the information does not simply describe the nature or consequences of a risk, but rather provides information on how to prepare for, protect against, respond to, or recover from the risk. A great number of risk communication resources exist for general audiences. Yet, the literature review (Task 3) and recent events such as Hurricanes Katrina and Rita highlight the specific challenges and shortcomings of risk communications for vulnerable populations. In addition to being actionable, the public health emergency risk communications considered here must address the specific needs that vulnerable populations will likely have before, during, or after a public health emergency.

Vulnerable populations include individuals who have disabilities, are institutionalized, are elderly, are from diverse cultures, have limited English proficiency or are non-English speaking, are children, are transportation disadvantaged, are pregnant, have chronic medical disorders, or have pharmacological dependency (i.e., chemical dependency/addiction). The definition used here has been adopted by the Department of Health and Human Services and was derived from recommendations of the Interagency Coordinating Council on Emergency Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities, the draft implementation plan for the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act, and the draft revisions to the National Response Plan.

The compendium is built on the foundation provided by the literature review of promising risk communication approaches and communication strategies (Task 3). In conjunction with the literature review, this compendium informs the case studies of state or local region risk communication practices as they relate to vulnerable populations (Task 5).


METHODS

Compendium of Risk Communication Materials for Vulnerable Populations

As described in more detail below, risk communication materials for vulnerable populations were identified by searching publicly available websites. Websites were scanned and reviewed for communication materials that were at the intersection of three domains. To be included in the compendium, items needed to focus on each of three criteria:

  1. PHEP, including preparedness for natural disasters, man-made disasters, terrorist events, and contagious public health exposures.

  2. Vulnerable populations, as those at-risk.

  3. Risk communication that both characterized the risk and provided information that was actionable.

Figure 1 depicts the intersection of these three criteria, including examples of resources that fit in this intersection. Many available resources address some but not all of these domains. Figure 1 also provides examples of resources that would not be in this intersection and hence are not included in the compendium.

Compiled materials have a significant focus on the needs or special circumstances of one or more vulnerable populations (e.g., those with disabilities, children, and pregnant women, etc.), targeting members of those vulnerable populations, their caregivers, and/or the provider communities that serve these populations. Some resources were targeted at service providers and not the vulnerable population specifically. In this case, we only include resources that provided actionable recommendations for communicating with the vulnerable populations and not merely general advice or considerations. Items could also address any stage of the preparedness cycle, including preparedness, response, and/or mitigation and recovery. Finally, many resources have been translated into a variety of languages (including American Sign Language). Resources that were mere translations of general population resources, without specific attention to the broader issues affecting limited English or non-English speakers, were not included in the compendium. However, where resources that met inclusion criteria are translated, these other languages are noted (in Appendix B1, final column).

FIGURE 1. The Intersection of Public Health Emergency Preparedness, Vulnerable Populations, and Risk Communication
Overlapping Organizational Chart: Vulnerable Populations -- Survey findings on disaster elder care; Children's disaster activity book; Multi-Lingual messages; Readiness tips for elderly and caregivers; Child workbook on flu prevention; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs. Risk Communication -- Children's disaster activity book; Multi-Lingual messages; Readiness tips for elderly and caregivers; Child workbook on flu prevention; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs; General post-disaster mental health guidelines; General evacuation instructions; Guidelines for getting out risk messages. PHEP -- Survey findings on disaster elder care; Children's disaster activity book; Readiness tipes for elderly and caregivers; Legislation regarding disabilities and disaster response; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs; General post-disaster mental health guidelines; General evacuation instructions.

Compendium Search Methods

We focused the compendium search on material that was both widely and readily available (from websites of major national organizations) through a snowball-sampling strategy that began with the identification of government and national organizations whose focus was on public health and emergency preparedness (e.g., American Red Cross), vulnerable populations (e.g., National Organization on Disability), or both (e.g., Disability Preparedness Center). Specifically, team members and other area experts at RAND identified organizations targeting each of these areas. The project team searched each of these organizations’ websites. Additionally, team members followed links from these to other websites one or two “clicks” deep and eligible items were cataloged. If any links led to sites that were themselves rich sources of information, we added those organizations to our existing list of organizations and returned to them later for thorough searches. The list of all organizations included in this compendium, as well as their website addresses, is provided in Appendix B2. Resources that were referenced on websites, but not immediately available electronically (either because no electronic versions were posted or the materials needed to be special ordered) were catalogued but not included in the final compendium. This small number of unavailable resources is discussed below and provided in Appendix B3.

Compendium Data Extraction

The construction of the compendium involved three progressive phases of review. Phase 1 review focused on the identification of candidate resources with the goal of growing the compendium, as well as initial cataloging of key dimensions, which flow from the conceptual framework included in the proposal. This framework draws on theories of persuasive communication and includes five aspects of communication:[7, 8]

  1. The source of the message, including whether the organization is a government or non-government organization.

  2. The medium by which the message is conveyed, including whether the risk communication was text-based, audio/visual, or interactive (electronically, as in an on-line quiz, or personally, as in a discussion group). Because there is great diversity even within these categories, a specific type variable was also entered, which described the resource qualitatively (e.g., booklet, brochure, etc.).

  3. The targeted recipient, which includes whether the risk communication targets members of the vulnerable population, caregivers, or providers. This also includes which vulnerable population is targeted.

  4. The content of the message itself includes emergency type, which was cataloged as natural disaster, man-made disaster, terrorist threat or incident, infectious disease outbreak, infectious disease pandemic, other public health emergency, other emergency, or unspecified. It also includes stage of preparedness, which was catalogued as preparedness, response, or recovery.

  5. The target behavior, which includes five functional areas--maintaining independence, communication, transportation, supervision, medical care, and other.

Generally, the categories within each variable were allowed to overlap, with a single resource potentially getting multiple assignments (e.g., targeting both vulnerable individuals and caregivers).

The compendium is a database in an Excel spreadsheet. Each resource is catalogued in a single row, with columns for document number, hyperlink to an electronic version of the resource, citation, source, source type, medium type, specific medium type, vulnerable population, target audience, emergency type, stage of preparedness, functional area, and whether the resource is also available in other languages. A legend of these variables is presented in Appendix B1.

During Phase 2 review, each resource was reviewed by a randomly assigned team member, and catalogued data were double-checked. Reviewers were also instructed to identify exceptional resources (all-stars), which would be reviewed carefully in Phase 3 to identify key messages and strategies. Specifically, Phase 2 reviewers were instructed to flag resources they viewed as exemplary, in terms of anticipated benefit to their intended audience. Anticipated benefit was defined as the conveyance of actionable information that is appropriate for the intended audience. Furthermore, reviewers were informed that the aim was to capture approximately the best 10 percent. The goal was not to systematically review each resource, but instead to identify key exemplars that could be the focus of a more intensive review.

For Phase 3 review, four team members divided up resources flagged as all-stars. Each all-star resource was then reviewed carefully, rated on six dimensions, including the extent to which the resource:

Reviewers made notes on the motivation behind their ratings and also noted key messages delivered by the resource. The all-star score sheet is provided in Appendix B4.

Compendium Sample

Figure 2 illustrates the compendium sampling flow. Phase 1 review identified 309 resources from 73 different organizations (as well as websites linked from those organizations’ websites). As shown in Appendix B2, 28 of these 73 organizations were within the Federal Government, 20 were associations (e.g., National Association of City and County Health Officials [NACCHO]), 15 were service organizations (e.g., the American Red Cross), four were research organizations (e.g., RAND), and four did not fit any of these classifications but were referenced sufficiently to warrant adding to our list of organizations. Upon the closer inspection of the Phase 2 review, it was determined that 32 resources failed to satisfy our definitions of PHEP, vulnerable populations, or risk communication. Eight resources were risk communications directed at the safety of responders themselves, rather than vulnerable populations. As these were outside the scope of the compendium, they were removed. 27 of the remaining 269 resources were unavailable for download, and hence were not immediately available to audiences. Because of this, they were separated from the main compendium and are not included in the following analyses. The result is 242 resources in the final compendium.1 Forty-one (16.9 percent) of these were identified by Phase 2 reviewers as all-stars.2

FIGURE 2. Compendium Sampling Flow
Organizational Chart: 36 Initial Organizations + 37 Organizations Added During Search leads to 309 Resources Identified (Phase 1); which leads to 242 Resources Included in Final Compendium (Phase 2); which leads to 41 Resources Identified and Reviewed as All-Stars (Phases 2 & 3). 309 Resources Indentified also leads to 27 Resources Unavailable for Download, 32 Resources Did Not Meet Inclusion Criteria, and 8 Resources Focused on Safety of Responders.


RESULTS

Our results are presented in two sections. The first provides a detailed, qualitative analysis of promising emergency risk communication strategies for vulnerable populations among the risk communications included in the compendium. The second section takes a more quantitative approach, identifying gaps and commonalities in the coverage of materials across vulnerable populations, emergency types, and other key characteristics.

Identify Promising Risk Communication Strategies

The final Phase of review (Phase 3) consisted of carefully reviewing each resource labeled an all-star in Phase 2, with the goals of identifying promising risk communication strategies and providing examples of these strategies drawn from this set of resources. At this stage, the goal was not to quantitatively evaluate each and every resource. Each all-star resource was rated on six dimensions using a scale ranging from poor to truly extraordinary, with relatively finer distinctions made at the high end of the scale, reflecting that these resources had already been identified as exemplary. Subsequent analysis focused on the dimensions upon which specific all-star resources were seen to excel. Table 1 displays the proportion of the 41 all-stars rated as truly extraordinary (the highest rating) on the six score sheet dimensions. The all-star score sheet is included in Appendix B4.

TABLE 1. Proportion of All-Stars Rated Highest on Each Dimension
(N = 41)
Dimension Proportion Rated
  “Truly Extraordinary”  
EFFECTIVENESS/COMPREHENSIVENESS
   Objectives for the resource are clearly stated and addressed 24%
   The risks associated with the public health emergency are clearly stated and addressed 22%
   Resource reasonably covers issues salient to the specified vulnerable population(s) 41%
FEASIBILITY/USEFULNESS
   Resource provides specific guidance on how to act on the advice given (i.e., is easily actionable)   41%
   Resource is clear and easy to understand 44%
   Resource is engaging 29%

Clarity and Understandability. The most often-cited point of excellence among the all-stars was clarity and understandability. Within this, three themes arose. First of all, providing concrete examples can dramatically increase clarity. Videos by Ready America (Documents #8 and #9 in the compendium) showed members of the vulnerable population and their caregiver acting out recommended actions, providing concrete models for recipients. A webcast (#77) by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) ends with a mock counseling session, helping recipients to ground their expectations. An American Red Cross coloring book (#62) includes pictures of what children should be doing during an emergency. And a resource from the American Red Cross (#63) includes a letter written to seniors by seniors, conveying compelling, relevant experiences.

A second theme was that understanding may be facilitated by simply defining terminology and spelling out assumptions. Emergency preparedness communities often use language that may not be well-known to vulnerable populations, and hence need to be defined. For example, the Ready, Set, Prepare! children's activity book (#59), also from the American Red Cross, has a Words to Know section defining important words. Similarly, SAMHSAs Developing Cultural Competence in Disaster Mental Health Programs (#113) begins with a set of guiding assumptions which help set the stage for the rest of the resource.

Third, tailoring the format to the audience and situation can greatly impact clarity and understanding. Audio/visual and pictorial displays can have great impact. A simple but dramatic example is provided by the City of Los Angeles guide, Emergency Preparedness for People with Disabilities (#183), which contains a drawing of a dog holding a sign that says dont forget me. But whereas flashy can be good, simple can be better for specific audiences or situations. A set of tip cards for first responders from the Center for Development and Disability at the University of New Mexico (#4) consists of simple, bulleted information broken down by disability type. The effectiveness comes from the ability to quickly digest the key points in dynamic response environments. A very different example of formatting that facilitates use by different audiences is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Website, Index of Printable Hurricane and Flood Materials (#289), which provides risk communications in multiple languages in an easy-to-navigate matrix design. Another example of tailoring is the Masters of Disasters suite of material for earthquakes (#39). This set of materials offers lessons and examples tailored to multiple developmental stages, for use with children in different age groups. Other important aspects of tailoring the format include using appropriate reading levels and ensuring that availability matches the audience (e.g., because of modality or technology limitations).

Comprehensiveness. Coverage of issues relevant to vulnerable populations was also frequently noted in the review of these documents. Resources that were careful to acknowledge diversity within vulnerable populations stood out. For example, a factsheet from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (#267) noted that children of different age ranges will likely have different reactions to terrorist attacks, and hence will require different caregiving strategies. The previously mentioned SAMHSA guide on cultural competency (#113) explicitly emphasizes this point.

Comprehensive coverage, however, does not mean uniform coverage. In particular, risk communicators may have the instinct to tell people what they should know, not recognizing that some of that information is obvious or widely known. Dwelling on such information could potentially damage credibility of the source. Instead, including and emphasizing crucial information that is less likely to be known can have a greater impact.[9] In particular, such a strategy can lead to ah-ha moments with recipients, enhancing the perceived value of the resource. A straightforward example of this was noted in a brochure by the National Organization on Disability for animal owners (#180), noting that different resources (e.g., access to shelters) may be available to service animals than for pets in general. A brochure from the Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network on hurricane preparedness for the hearing- impaired (#143) suggested placing important papers in waterproof containers and putting refrigerators/freezers on their coldest settings to prepare for a potential power outage. These specific examples may not be news to some individuals, but were to the reviewers, and may also be to other individuals.

Action Orientation. Also frequently cited by reviewers was the action orientation of many all-star resources. An American Red Cross activity book (#59) encourages children to take an active role in preparing for emergencies, and a ready.gov scavenger hunt (#242) sends children in search of emergency kit items. The second section of the guide to cultural competency (#113) provides a framework for action. Additionally, checklists and self-assessments can help recipients tailor resources to their own needs. The booklet, Listen, Protect, and Connect: Psychological First Aid for Children and Parents, (#250) from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), includes places to write in details, which helps to ground the risk communication in an individuals experiences. Finally, the credibility of calls to action may be enhanced by recognizing barriers to success. The NACCHO Advanced Practice Center Toolbox (#18) does this quite effectively, citing cost of preparedness (e.g., first-aid kit and battery-powered radio) and denial of risk as examples of barriers.

Ability to Engage the Audience. Another prominent theme was the ability of resources to engage their intended audience. Multi-modal approaches were noted by the reviewers as breaking monotony, grabbing attention, and providing different angles on a common message. For example, SAMHSAs substance use and trauma-related webcast (#77) combines an interview video with parallel PowerPoint slides (with the option of enabling closed captioning). Such approaches acknowledge both different learning styles and different communications needs. Embedding checklists, self-assessments, and other active segments can help to achieve some of the benefits of shorter resources, but within longer, more comprehensive resource packages. The Family Readiness Kit from the American Academy of Pediatrics (#125) was a particularly striking example of this, including checklists, childrens activities, and fact sheets within a larger kit. Similarly, in longer resources, and particularly those targeting providers, appendices can add crucial details without breaking up the overall flow of the main resource.

Clearly Stating and Addressing Objectives and Risks. Finally, reviewers also noted that stating the purpose of a resource early and clearly was helpful in grounding resources. For example, a preparedness manual from the American Red Cross (#1) for people with disabilities (PWD) was at the same time very tangible and very detailed--a combination facilitated by clearly spelling out objectives. A single-page SAMHSA handout entitled Alcohol, Medication, and Drug Use After Disaster (#92) very clearly and concisely spells out substance abuse risks after a disaster and provides strategies for managing these risks. Similarly, motivating recommended actions helps make them more compelling and relevant to the decisions that need to be made by the recipient. The tip cards for early responders (#4), in one specific instance, point out that every person and disability is unique, as a means of motivating responders to ask a person before attempting to assist them. Such motivations can serve to demystify recommendations by suggesting contextual considerations.

Identification of Gaps and Commonalities

In addition to the qualitative review of those resources labeled all-stars, we also analyzed the compendium itself to provide a general analysis of gaps and commonalities among those resources identified as emergency risk communications for vulnerable populations. Table 2 presents breakdowns of the 242 resources by key variables in the compendium. For ease of comprehension, categories have been ordered in descending frequency, except for stage of preparedness, which has a natural ordering.

The resources came almost equally from government and non-government sources. Text was the medium of choice, with relatively few audio/visual or interactive resources. Equal number of resources targeted members of vulnerable populations and their caregivers, with somewhat fewer resources targeting providers. Some of this latter effect may have been due to limiting the provider resources to just those specifically giving guidance on risk communication.

Among the resources that we found, there was great variation in the number of resources targeting different vulnerable populations. Many resources were directed at the disabled and children, with smaller but still sizeable numbers targeting the elderly and those with chronic medical conditions. Relatively few resources were found for the other vulnerable populations. It should be noted, however, that there was often considerable overlap among these categories, particularly between disabled and chronic medical conditions and between elderly and chronic medical conditions. Those resources labeled “other” for vulnerable population include those with mental or cognitive impairments, service animals, those with environmental illnesses or chemical sensitivities, and those dependent on medical devices.

Most of the resources were not specific to one type of emergency or took an all hazards approach. When they did specify an emergency type, it was most likely a natural disaster (an emergency type particularly common in resources targeting children). The remaining few focused on terrorist threats or incidents, infectious disease outbreaks, other emergencies (primarily fires), and man-made disasters. Virtually no resources specifically targeted pandemic diseases, which may differ from other public health emergencies in time horizon (two or three waves of 6-8 weeks duration versus days), greater immunologic risks for certain vulnerable populations, and greater need for personal resilience.

  TABLE 2. Compendium Resources by Source, Medium, Audience, Message, and Key Behavior  
Resource Characteristica   Percent (N = 242)  
SOURCE
   Government 55%
   Non-government 46%
MEDIUM
   Text 89%
   Interactive, electronic 7%
   Audio/visual 4%
   Interactive, personal <1%
RECIPIENT: TARGET AUDIENCE
   Vulnerable individual 53%
   Caregiver 53%
   Provider 38%
RECIPIENT: VULNERABLE POPULATION
   Disabled 42%
   Children 39%
   Elderly 22%
   Chronic medical disorders 20%
   Institutionalized 8%
   Pharmacologically dependent 4%
   Diverse cultures 3%
   Transportation disadvantaged 2%
   Pregnant women 2%
   Limited English or non-English speakers <1%
   Other 7%
MESSAGE: EMERGENCY TYPE
   Natural disaster 27%
   Terrorist threat or incident 7%
   Infectious disease outbreak 5%
   Other emergency 5%
   Man-made disaster 4%
   Infectious disease pandemic <1%
   Unspecified 65%
MESSAGE: STAGE OF PREPAREDNESS
   Preparation 76%
   Response 29%
   Mitigation and Recovery 32%
TARGET BEHAVIOR: FUNCTIONAL AREAS
   Communication 89%
   Medical care 33%
   Maintaining independence 15%
   Transportation 13%
   Supervision 3%
   Other 34%
  1. Categories are not mutually exclusive, so may add up to more than 100%.

As might be expected, given that we are normally looking toward future emergencies, most resources addressed a preparation stage of preparedness. However, a moderate amount also addressed response, mitigation, and recovery.

As might also be expected, given the focus on risk communication, most resources targeted communication issues. Many also dealt with medical care, with somewhat less of a focus on maintaining independence and transportation issues. Relatively few dealt with supervision. The bulk of those falling in the “other” functional area focused on stress, coping, and mental health.

Finally, of those resources compiled, only 24 (10 percent) were also found to be translated into other languages, with Spanish being the most common. It should be noted, however, that this compendium was not designed to capture all translated materials, but rather we flagged when materials that met other inclusion criteria were also translated. Nevertheless, surprisingly few resources targeting vulnerable populations are also available in other languages (or easily identified as such).

Table 3 presents a cross-tabulation of vulnerable population by emergency type. Within both natural disasters and unspecified emergencies, the two most common emergency types, the frequency of different vulnerable population resources parallels the total (presented in the final column), with disabled being the most common vulnerable population targeted. However, for terrorist threats, infectious disease outbreaks, and man-made disasters, children (or those caring for them) are much more likely to be the intended recipient, rather than the disabled. The sparseness of coverage for many vulnerable populations (noted above and in Table 2) is demonstrated here across different emergency types.

TABLE 3. Number of Resources Targeting Each Vulnerable Population by Emergency Type
Vulnerable Population Emergency Typea,b
  ND     TT     IDO     OE     MMD     UNS     Total  
Disabled 37 1 0 9 1 69 102
Children 24 13 6 2 8 54 94
Elderly 7 3 3 5 2 42 54
Chronic medical disorders 7 2 6 0 1 36 48
Institutionalized 1 1 5 0 0 13 19
Pharmacologically dependent 1 0 0 0 0 8 9
Diverse cultures 0 1 0 0 1 5 6
Transportation disadvantaged   0 0 0 0 0 5 5
Pregnant women 0 0 1 0 0 4 5
Other 7 1 0 1 1 10 16
Total 65 16 12 12 9 158 242
  1. Categories with fewer than 1% coverage (infectious disease pandemic, limited English or non-English speakers) are not tabulated. Categories are not mutually exclusive, so sum to more than 100%.
  2. ND = natural disaster; TT = terrorist threat or incident; IDO = infectious disease outbreak; OE = other emergency; MMD = man-made disaster; UNS = unspecified.


CONCLUSIONS

This task centered on the compilation of emergency-related risk communications designed to address the needs of vulnerable populations. An extensive search of web-based resources from 73 Federal Government agencies and national organizations uncovered 242 available risk communications. The identified resources most commonly addressed issues relevant to PWD, children, the elderly, and those with chronic medical disorders. Relatively few resources were found for those who are institutionalized, pharmacologically dependent, from diverse cultures, transportation disadvantaged, pregnant, or who have limited English skills or are non-English speakers.3 Most of the resources identified did not specify emergency type. Where specified, emergencies were most commonly natural disasters.

Upon detailed review (Phase 2), 41 of these resources were flagged as exceptional (so-called “all-stars”) and subjected to more in-depth review (Phase 3). This review, in turn, uncovered a number of promising risk communication strategies that were effectively implemented by these resources. Most common were themes related to the clarity and understandability of the resources, closely followed by comprehensiveness and having an action orientation. Less often cited, but still highlighted, were strategies to make resources more engaging, as well as providing clear statements of objectives and risks.

The compendium reaffirmed several findings of the literature review (Task 3 of this project). The literature review revealed that some vulnerable populations are especially underrepresented in the peer-reviewed literature, such as institutionalized individuals, individuals with pharmacological dependency, and pregnant women. These three groups are also underrepresented with respect to publicly available resources (Table 2). The compendium resources also parallel the results of the literature review with respect to functional areas addressed. Resources addressing communication and medical care were found most frequently, whereas resources addressing supervision were least common. The literature also suggested that emergency preparedness risk communication should be offered in multiple languages; though the compendium was not designed to capture all translated materials, surprisingly few resources were available in languages other than English.4 Finally, the literature review emphasized the need for risk communication tailored to the developmental abilities of children. Here, the compendium found that resources specifically designed for children were prevalent, and addressed a wide variety of types of public health emergencies.

Limitations

The compendium targets resources that are widely available (e.g., through national organizations’) and easily accessible (i.e., on the web). Given the wide-ranging set of possible sources, a snowball-sampling strategy was necessary. This strategy may have limited the search, in turn unintentionally excluding some resources, such as those from state or local sources or those not available on the web. Notably, this compendium is not intended to be a census of risk communications, as such a database would not be cost-effective to create and would be quickly outdated. Hence, caution should be used when making generalizations from the compendium or this summary.

The compendium itself is based on relatively easy-to-identify categories within multiple variables. Each of these pieces of data, in turn, was checked by at least two people. Identification of all-stars, however, was a more subjective process--and one designed to identify exemplars, rather than to provide a detailed evaluation of each resource (although inter-rater agreement was high). Phase 3 review was more qualitative, although structure was provided through the use of a standardized score sheet. Still, the subjective nature of these reviews should be acknowledged, and conclusions taken as suggestive. Furthermore, the materials included in the compendium were not reviewed by members of the target audience, and evaluations are not available assessing their application and usefulness to these specific populations.

Summary

In closing, an impressive variety of risk communications were identified through a targeted search and compiled into the accompanying compendium. Promising risk communication strategies, reflected in our all-star exemplars, cut across many superficial features such as length, medium, and production value. Despite the range of formats, they each highlight the importance of clarity of presentation, careful vetting of information, and the ability to act on the information provided.


REFERENCES

  1. Glik, D.C. (2007). Risk communication for public health emergencies. Annual Review of Public Health, 28, 33-54.

  2. U.S. House of Representatives. (2006). Chapter 68 (Disaster Relief). U.S. Code Title 42: The Public Health and Welfare.

  3. Beckjord, E.B., Stern, S., Meredith, L.M., Shugarman, L., Chandra, A., Tanielian, T., Taylor, S., & Parker, A.M. (2008). Enhancing Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Management for Vulnerable Populations. Task 3: Literature review. Available at http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2008/emergfrA.htm.

  4. Commission on Risk Perception and Communication, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Commission on Physical Sciences Mathematics and Resources & National Research Council. (1989). Improving Risk Communication. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  5. Atman, C.J., Bostrom, A., Fischhoff, B., & Morgan, M.G. (1994). Designing risk communications: Completing and correcting mental models of hazardous processes, Part I. Risk Analysis, 14, 779-88.

  6. Covello, V.T., & Allen, F.W. (1988). Seven Cardinal Rules of Risk Communication. Washington, DC: Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy Analysis.

  7. McGuire, W.J. (1985). Attitudes and attitude change. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 238-241). New York, NY: Random House.

  8. Roberts, D.F., & Maccoby, N. (1985). Effects of mass communication. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 539-598). New York, NY: Random House.

  9. Bruine de Bruin, W., Downs, J.S., & Fischhoff, B. (2007). Adolescents thinking about the risks of sexual behaviors. In M.C. Lovett & P. Shah (Eds.), Thinking with Data. New York, NY: Erlbaum.


APPENDIX B1. COMPENDIUM OF EMERGENCY RISK COMMUNICATIONS FOR VULNERABLE POPULATIONS

The spreadsheet legend is presented below, followed by the Compendium itself.

LEGEND
Variable Coding
SOURCE
Hyperlink Web link to materials
Citation Title of materials
Source Sponsor of materials
Source type G=Government
N=Non-government
MEDIUM
Type P=print,
AV=audio/visual,
IE=interactive, electronic
IP=interactive, personal
OTH=other (specify)
Specific type Description of medium (e.g., brochure, newsletter, etc.)  
RECIPIENT
Vulnerable population   DIS=disabled
INS=institutionalized
ELD=elderly
DC=diverse cultures
ENG=limited English or non-English speakers
CHI=children
TD=transportation disadvantaged
PW=pregnant women
CMD=chronic medical disorders
PD=pharmacologically dependent
OTH=other (specify)
Audience VI=vulnerable individual,
CAR=caregiver,
PRO=provider
MESSAGE
Emergency type ND = natural disaster
MMD = man-made disaster
TT = terrorist threat or incident
IDO = infectious disease outbreak
IDP = infectious disease pandemic
OPH = other public health emergency (specify)  
OE = other emergency (specify)
UNS=Unspecified
Stage of preparedness PRE=preparation
RES=response
REC=recovery & mitigation
TARGET BEHAVIOR
Functional area MI=maintaining independence
COM=communication
TRAN=transportation
SUP=supervision
MC=medical care
OTH=other


Doc # Hyperlink Citation Source Source Type Medium Type Specific Type Vulnerable Population Audience Emergency Type Stage of Preparedness Functional Area Other Languages
1 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/disability.pdf Disaster Preparedness for People with Disabilities American Red Cross N P Preparedness Manual DIS VI ND PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
2 http://www.apahelpcenter.org/articles/pdf.php?id=109 Tornadoes, Hurricanes, and Children American Psychological Association N P Tipsheet CHI CAR ND REC OTH  
3 http://www.ct.gov/opapd/lib/opapd/documents/adobe/guide_final.pdf A Guide for Including People with Disabilities in Disaster Preparedness Planning Connecticut Developmental Disabilities Network G P Guide DIS VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
OTH
 
4 http://cdd.unm.edu/products/TipsForFirstResponders.htm Tips For First Responders In Assisting Persons With Disability Center for Development and Disability, University of New Mexico N P Tipsheet DIS (people with service animals)
ELD
CMD
TD
PRO UNS RES COM
MC
TRANS
 
5 http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/specialplans.shtm FEMA Individuals with Special Needs, Preparing and Planning Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) G P Tipsheet DIS
ENG
TD
CMD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM
TRAN
MC
 
6 http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=1442 Preparing for Disaster for People with Disabilities and other Special Needs Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
America Red Cross
G, N P Guide DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
7 http://www.jan.wvu.edu/media/emergency.html Employers' Guide to Including Employees with Disabilities in Emergency Evacuation Plans Job Accommodation Network N P Guide DIS PRO UNS PRE COM
TRAN
 
8 http://www.ready.gov/america/about/_flash/movie12.html Ready Older Americans Video Ready America G AV Preparedness Video ELD VI UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
9 http://www.ready.gov/america/about/_flash/movie14.html Americans with Disabilities and Special Needs Video Ready America G AV Preparedness Video DIS VI UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
10 http://www.ready.gov/america/_downloads/older_americans.pdf Older Americans Ready Brochure Ready America G P Brochure ELD VI UNS PRE MI
SUP
COM
TRAN
MC
OTH
 
11 http://www.ready.gov/america/getakit/seniors.html Older Americans Ready America G P Tipsheet ELD VI UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
12 http://www.ready.gov/america/_downloads/disabilities.pdf Disabilities and Special Needs Ready Brochure Ready America G P Written Brochure DIS VI UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
MC
 
13 http://www.ready.gov/america/_downloads/inschool_book.pdf Ready Kids Activity Book Ready America G P Activity Book CHI VI UNS PRE COM  
15 http://www.ready.gov/america/_downloads/inschool_plan.pdf Ready Kids Teaching Guide Ready America G P Teaching Guide CHI CAR ND PRE OTH  
17 http://www.naccho.org/pubs/documents/na132_emergency.pdf Emergency Response Planning for Child Care Providers Montgomery County, MD Department of Health and Human Services Preparedness and Response Program NACCHO Advanced Practice Center Toolbox N P Tool kit CHI CAR
PRO
ND
MMD
TT
OE (transit breakdown, utility disruption)
PRE COM
SUP
OTH
 
18 http://www.naccho.org/pubs/documents/na149_checklistcasemanagement.pdf Emergency Preparedness Checklist for Case Management and Home Care Services Montgomery County, MD Department of Health and Human Services Preparedness and Response Program NACCHO Advanced Practice Center Toolbox N P Checklist/ Brochure DIS
ELD
CMD
CAR UNS PRE COM  
19 http://www.alz.org/national/documents/topicsheet_disasterprep.pdf Alzheimer's Association Disaster Preparedness Topic Sheet Alzheimer's Association N P Tipsheet ELD
CMD (Alzheimer's disease)
CAR UNS PRE
RES
MC  
20 http://www.aahsa.org/advocacy/documents/pandemic_guide.pdf Planning for a Pandemic/ Epidemic or Disaster: Caring for persons with cognitive impairment American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged N P Tipsheet ELD
CMD
OTH (cognitive impairment)
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
MC
 
21 http://www.aahsa.org/qualityfirst/resources/governance_accountability/security_emergency_management/documents/Updating_Disaster_Plan.pdf Updating Your Disaster Plan (published 2003) American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged N P Written Brochure ELD
CMD
OTH (cognitive impairment)
PRO UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
MC
SUP
 
24 http://www.aahsa.org/money_saving/gp_articles_info/emergency.asp Emergency Preparedness-- Ensuring your Residents' Safety American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged N P Tipsheet INS
ELD
PRO UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
MC
 
25 http://www.ahcancal.org/facility_operations/disaster_planning/Documents/Hurricane_Summit_May2007.pdf Caring for Vulnerable Elders During a Disaster: National Findings of the 2007 Nursing Home Hurricane Summit, May 21-22, 2007, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida. Convened by The Florida Health Care Association American Health Care Association N P Report INS
ELD
CMD
PRO ND PRE
RES
COM
MC
TRAN
MI
 
28 http://www.disabilitypreparedness.org/Emergency%20Preparedness%20On%20The%20Job%206-07-06.pdf Emergency Preparedness on the Job for People with Disabilities The Center for Disabilities and Special Needs Preparedness (DPC) N P Written Brochure DIS VI UNS PRE OTH (dealing with disasters while at work)  
29 http://www.disabilitypreparedness.org/Emer%20Prep%20at%20home%20rev%206-07-06.pdf Emergency Preparedness at Home for People with Disabilities The Center for Disabilities and Special Needs Preparedness (DPC) N P Written Brochure DIS VI UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
Also avail in other lang
31 http://www.aginginstride.org/emergencyprep/docs/Just_in_Case.pdf Just In Case Emergency Readiness for Older Adults and Caregivers & Emergency Readiness Checklist for Older Adults U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging; Aging in Stride G P Tipsheet ELD VI
CAR
UNS
IDP
PRE MI
OTH
YES--Spanish
34 http://www.cert-la.com/ESP/ESP-Disabilities-Guide-2006.pdf Emergency Preparedness: Taking Responsibility for Your Safety Tips for People with Disabilities and Activity Limitations Los Angeles County Emergency Survival Program, posted 05/2/06 G P Brochure/ Checklist/ Tipsheet DIS
ELD
CMD
TD
VI UNS PRE MI
COM
 
35 http://www.ada.gov/emergencyprepguide.htm An ADA Guide for Local Governments Making Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Programs Accessible to People with Disabilities U.S. Department of Justice, Americans with Disabilities Act G P Guide DIS PRO UNS PRE MI
TRAN
COM
 
38 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/eduinfo/beready.pdf Be Ready 1-2-3 Workbook American Red Cross N P Workbook CHI VI ND
OE (home fire)
PRE COM YES--Spanish, Vietnamese
39 http://www.redcross.org/disaster/masters/familymodule/fam-cd-main-menu-2.html Masters of Disasters-- Family Kit American Red Cross N P
IE (families click on approp material)
Family Kit CHI PRO ND PRE
RES
COM  
40 http://www.redcross.org/disaster/masters/educatorsmodule/ed-cd-main-menu-2.html Masters of Disasters-- Educator's Kit American Red Cross N P Educator's Kit CHI PRO ND PRE
RES
REC
COM
OTH (training)
 
41 http://www.redcross.org/static/file_cont6927_lang0_2816.pdf Masters of Disaster Quick Start Guide-- Family Kit American Red Cross N P, AV Brochure/ CD-ROM/ DVD CHI CAR ND PRE
RES
COM  
42 http://www.redcross.org/static/file_cont6928_lang0_2817.pdf Masters of Disaster Quick Start Guide-- Educator's Kit American Red Cross N P Overview guide CHI PRO ND PRE
RES
COM  
43 http://www.redcross.org/disaster/masters/facingfear/start.html Facing Fear: Helping Young People Deal With Terrorism and Other Tragic Events American Red Cross N P
IE (teachers click on approp material)
Curriculum CHI PRO ND PRE
RES
COM  
58 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/Activity4_7_ENGLISH.pdf Ready Set Prepare! A Disaster Preparedness Activity Book, Ages 4-7 American Red Cross N P Activity Book CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM Yes--Spanish
59 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/Activity8_11_ENGLISH.pdf Ready Set Prepare! A Disaster Preparedness Activity Book, Ages 8-11 American Red Cross N P Activity Book CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM Yes--Spanish
61 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/foreignmat/1303en.pdf Helping Young Children Cope with Trauma American Red Cross N P Written Brochure CHI CAR ND REC COM Yes--Arabic, Cambodian, Chinese, Farsi, French, Hmong, Korean, Location, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese
62 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/eduinfo/colorbk.pdf Disaster Preparedness Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM YES--Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese
63 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/seniors.html Disaster Preparedness for Seniors by Seniors American Red Cross N P Tipsheet ELD VI UNS PRE COM
MI
Yes--Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese
64 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/mobileprogs.html Tips for Seniors and People with Disabilities-- Establish a Personal Support Network American Red Cross
Independent Living Resource Center San Francisco
N P Tipsheet ELD
DIS
VI
CAR
ND (earthquake) PRE COM
MI
SUP MC
Yes--Spanish
65 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/animalsafety.html Pets and Disaster-- Be Prepared American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE OTH (service animal preparedness)  
66 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/deaf.html Tips for People Who Are Hearing Impaired or Have Communication and Speech Related Disabilities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
Yes--Spanish
67 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/eyes.html Tips for People With Visual Disabilities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
 
68 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/mobility.html Earthquake Tips for People With Mobility Disabilities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
TRAN
Yes--Spanish
69 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/chemical.html Tips for People With Environmental Illness or Chemical Sensitivities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
OTH (environmental illness or chemical sensitivities)
VI
CAR
ND (earthquake) PRE MI
COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
70 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/cogdis.html Tips for People With Cognitive or Psychiatric Disabilities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
71 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/support.html Tips for People Who Use Life Support Systems American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
72 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/checklist.html Personal Emergency Preparedness Checklist for Seniors and People with Disabilities American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
 
73 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/healthcard.html Tips for Creating an Emergency Health Information Card American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
 
74 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/beprepared/otherdocs.html Tips for Collecting Emergency Documents American Red Cross N P Tipsheet DIS
CMD
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
 
75 http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_602_,00.html Helping Children Cope with Disaster American Red Cross
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
G, N P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS PRE
REC
COM Yes--Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Tagalog, Vietnamese
77 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/samhsadr/contents.htm Substance Use Disorders, Trauma, and Post-Traumatic Stress Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Webcast PD
OTH (mental health)
PRO UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
80 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/CA-BKMARKR02/default.asp Helping Children Cope With Fear & Anxiety Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
81 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/KEN01-0092/KEN01-0092.pdf In the Wake of Trauma: Tips for College Students Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
83 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/KEN-01-0094/default.asp A Guide for Older Adults Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Website/ Tipsheet ELD VI
CAR
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
84 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/KEN-01-0095/default.asp Mental Health Aspects of Terrorism Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
85 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/tips/financial.pdf Tips for Survivors of a Traumatic Event: What to Expect in Your Personal, Family, Work, and Financial Life Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
86 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/psa.aspx What's Going on in the Mind of a Child Who's Lived Through a Hurricane? (PSA-- TV ad) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Public Service Announcement-- TV CHI CAR ND REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
Yes--Spanish
87 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/publications/allpubs/KEN01-0101/default.asp#how Reaction of Children to a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G IE Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
88 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/publications/allpubs/tips/intervention.pdf Tips for Talking to Children in Trauma1/28/2008 Interventions at Home for Preschoolers to Adolescents Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
89 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/psa.aspx What's Going on in the Mind of a Child Who's Lived Through a Hurricane? (PSA-- radio ad)-- 30 sec Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Public Service Announcement-- radio CHI CAR ND REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
YES--Spanish
90 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/psa.aspx What's Going on in the Mind of a Child Who's Lived Through a Hurricane? (PSA-- radio ad)-- 55 sec Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Public Service Announcement-- radio CHI CAR ND REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
91 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/psa.aspx What's Going on in the Mind of a Child Who's Lived Through a Hurricane? (PSA-- radio ad)-- 60 sec Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Public Service Announcement-- radio CHI CAR ND REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
YES--Spanish
92 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/05-SA_Disasters_Handout.pdf Handout: Alcohol, Medication, and Drug Use After Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment G P Tipsheet PD
OTH (mental health)
VI UNS REC COM
MC
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
93 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/howToHelpChildrenAfterDisaster.pdf How to Help Children After a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
TT REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
94 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/ageSpecificInterventions.pdf Age-specific Interventions at Home for Children in Trauma: From Preschool to Adolescence Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
95 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/afterDisasterWhatTeensCanDo.pdf After Disaster: What Teens Can Do Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI VI UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
96 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/mentalHealthAspectsOfTerrorism.pdf Mental Health Aspects of Terrorism Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
97 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/outreach/04-COCEDisasterEventsText-SAMHSAapproved.pdf Disaster Events and Services for Persons with Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G P Tipsheet PD CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
102 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/featuredReports/hurricanePhysicianRecommendations.pdf Recommendations to Physicians Caring for Katrina/Rita Disaster Victims on Chronic Opioids Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment-- from a work group of the American Academy of Pain Medicine, National Pain Foundation, American Pain Foundation, and National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization G P Guide CMD
PD
PRO ND RES
REC
MC  
103 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/featuredReports/traumaticEventsAndSaDemandsOnSaTreatment.pdf Traumatic Events and Substance Abuse: Demands on the Substance Abuse Treatment Delivery System Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment G P PowerPoint presentation PD PRO UNS RES
REC
MC  
105 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/preparedness/allHazardsResponsePlanningForState.pdf All-Hazards Response Planning for State Substance Abuse Service Systems Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment G P Tipsheet PD
DIS
CMD
INS
PRO UNS PRE MC
OTH (mental health)
 
106 http://www.samhsa.gov/csatdisasterrecovery/preparedness/disasterReliefGrantProgramEPP.pdf Emergency Preparedness Plan Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment G P Preparedness Plan PD
DIS
CMD
INS
PRO UNS PRE
RES
REC
MC
TRAN
OTH (mental health)
 
107 http://www.cdihp.org/evacuation/emergency_evacuation.pdf Emergency Evacuation Preparedness: Taking Responsibility for Your Safety A Guide for People with Disabilities and Other Activity Limitations Center for Disability Issues and the Health Professions (CDIHP) (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) N P Guide DIS
CMD
ELD (any mobility-related limitations)
VI
PRO
UNS PRE MC
MI
COM
 
108 http://www.cdihp.org/pdf/emergencyv1.pdf Emergency Health Information: Savvy Health Care Consumer Series Center for Disability Issues and the Health Professions (CDIHP) (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) N P Guide DIS
CMD
VI UNS PRE MC
MI
COM
 
109 http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/emerprepguideprt.pdf An ADA Guide for Local Governments: Making Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Programs Accessible to People with Disabilities US Department of Justice (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) G P Guide DIS
CMD
PRO UNS PRE TRAN
COM
 
111 http://www.aap.org/advocacy/blankform.pdf Emergency Information Form for Children With Special Needs American Academy of Pediatrics (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) N P Emergency Information Form DIS
CHI
CMD
CAR UNS PRE MC
COM
Yes--Spanish
113 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/SMA03-3828/CulturalCompetence_FINALwithcovers.pdf Developing Cultural Competence in Disaster Mental Health Programs: Guiding Principles and Recommendations Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Mental Health Services G P Guiding Principles Document DC PRO UNS PRE COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
116 http://www.ncptsd.va.gov/ncmain/ncdocs/handouts/PFA_Appx_E_handouts.pdf The Psychological First Aid (PFA) Field Operations Guide, 2nd Edition Appendix E: Handouts Terrorism Disaster Branch of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network and the National Center for PTSD (link from SAMHSA) (posted on VA website) N P Guide CHI PD VI
CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
MC
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
117 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/dtac/ChildrensReactions.pdf Children’s Reactions to Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) Disaster Technical Assistance Center (from a grantee) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
118 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/dtac/MovingBackHome.pdf Moving Back Home-- Some Things to Keep in Mind for Children Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) Disaster Technical Assistance Center (from a grantee) G P Tipsheet CHI CAR UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
119 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/dtac/SpecialConcernsofOlderAdults.pdf Special Concerns of Older Adults Following a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) Disaster Technical Assistance Center (from a grantee) G P Brochure ELD VI
CAR
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
120 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/ADM90-538/tmsection3.asp Training Manual for Mental Health and Human Service Workers in Major Disasters Section 3-- Disaster Reactions of Potential Risk Groups Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) Center for Mental Health Services G P Tipsheet CHI
ELD
DC
CMD
OTH (socio-economic)
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
121 http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/Talking_to_%20US_ChildrenSolomon_Tsunami.pdf Talking with Children in the United States about the Tsunami The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (link from SAMHSA) N P Tipsheet CHI CAR ND REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
122 http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/edu_materials/9-11%20Card%20Material%20-%20NRC-sw.pdf Family Preparedness Thinking Ahead The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (link from SAMHSA) N P Tipsheet/ Checklist CHI CAR ND PRE COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
123 http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/edu_materials/revised-folded4.pdf Preparedness Wallet Card The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (link from SAMHSA) N P Wallet Card CHI CAR UNS PRE COM  
124 http://www.aap.org/terrorism/topics/PhysiciansSheet.pdf Children, Terrorism & Disasters Toolkit The Youngest Victims: Disaster Preparedness to Meet Childrens Needs American Academy of Pediatrics (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) N P Tipsheet CHI CAR TT PRE
RES
REC
MC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
125 http://www.aap.org/family/frk/aapfrkfull.pdf Family Readiness Kit: Preparing to Handle Disasters American Academy of Pediatrics (link from SAMHSA's Disaster Technical Assistance Center) N P Readiness Kit CHI
ELD
CAR ND
MMD
TT
PRE
RES
REC
MI
COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
126 http://www.nccnhr.org/uploads/EmergencyPreparedness.pdf Emergency Preparedness Questions Consumers Should Ask National Citizens’ Coalition for Nursing Home Reform N P Consumer Fact Sheet ELD
INS
CMD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM
MC
 
127 http://www.ltcombudsman.org/uploads/Emergency_Checklist_for_LTC_Facilitiy_Consumers_and_Ombudsmen_09172007_(2).doc Emergency Preparedness for Every Emergency-- Emergency Planning Checklist Recommended Tool for Persons in Long-Term Care Facilities & Their Family Members, Friends, Personal Caregivers, Guardians & Long-Term Care Ombudsmen US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (retrieved off of the National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center website) G P Checklist/ Tipsheet ELD
INS
CMD
VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE COM
MC
 
128 http://www.ltcombudsman.org/uploads/Emergency_Checklist_for_Providers_09-14-2007.doc Emergency Preparedness for Every Emergency-- Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (retrieved off of the National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center website) G P Checklist ELD
INS
CMD
PRO UNS PRE COM
SUP
MC
 
130 http://www.ltcombudsman.org/uploads/Emergency_Checklist_for_Persons_Medical_Needs_Living_at_Home_09-14-2007_(2).doc Emergency Preparedness for Every Emergency-- Emergency Planning Checklist Recommended Tool for Persons with Medical Needs Living at Home, Their Family Members, Guardians & Caregivers US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (retrieved off of the National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center website) G P Checklist ELD
INS
DIS
CMD
VI
CAR
UNS (all hazards) PRE COM
TRAN
MC
 
134 http://www.ltcombudsman.org/uploads/FLAssessmentForm.pdf Long-Term Care Facility Resident Assessment 2004 Hurricane Relief Effort National Long Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center (orig from the Florida Ombudsman website) N P Assessment Tool ELD
INS
CMD
PRO UNS RES
REC
COM
MC
 
135 http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/publications/safety/DisasterResponse/PDF/DisasterResponse.pdf Disaster Response and Recovery Resource for Transit Agencies US Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration G P Resource Guide DIS
TD
PRO UNS RES
REC
TRAN  
136 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/psa/drowning.asp Public Service Announcement-- Keeping Children Safe From Drowning in Flooded Areas Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (linked from DisabilityInfo.gov) G AV Public Service Announcement Video (audio only also exists) CHI CAR ND (flood) RES OTH (safety) Yes--American Sign Language http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/psa/drowning_asl.asp
137 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/KEN-01-0093/default.asp or http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/disasterrelief/publications/allpubs/tips/parent_teach.pdf Tips for Talking to Children After a Disaster: A Guide for Parents and Teachers Substance Abuse Mental Health Service Agency (SAMHSA) National Mental Health Information Center, Center for Mental Health Services G P Tipsheet CHI CAR
PRO
ND REC COM  
138 http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/specialplans.shtm Individuals with Special Needs Preparing and Planning Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) G P Tipsheet DIS
ELD
CMD
TD
ENG
VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE COM
MC
MI
 
139 http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/dementia.shtm Caring for Someone with Dementia in a Disaster Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) G P Tipsheet ELD
CMD
OTH (dementia)
CAR UNS PRE
REC
COM
MC
MI
 
140 http://www.alz.org/we_can_help_medicalert_safereturn.asp MedicAlert + Safe Return, Enroll individuals with Alzheimer's or dementia into MedicAlert + Safe Return Alzheimer's Association (link from FEMA) N P Tipsheet, enrollment materials ELD
CMD
CAR UNS PRE COM
MI
MC
 
141 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Floods.pdf Floods-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N P Tipsheet DIS (hard-of-hearing/ deaf) VI ND (flood) PRE
RES
REC
MI
COM
 
142 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/ExtremeHeat.pdf Extreme Heat-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N P Tipsheet DIS (hard-of-hearing/ deaf) VI ND (extreme heat) PRE
RES
REC
MC  
143 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Hurricanes.pdf Hurricanes-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N P Tipsheet DIS (hard-of-hearing/ deaf) VI ND (hurricanes) PRE
RES
REC
MC
COM
 
144 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Televisions.pdf Receiving Information in an Emergency: Televisions-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N P Tipsheet DIS (hard-of-hearing/ deaf) VI UNS PRE COM  
145 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/TextAlerts.pdf Text Alerts & 9-1-1-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N P Tipsheet DIS (hard-of-hearing/ deaf) VI UNS PRE COM  
148 http://www.cms.hhs.gov/ESRDNetworkOrganizations/Downloads/EmergencyPreparednessforFacilities2.pdf Emergency Preparedness for Dialysis Facilities-- A Guide for Chronic Dialysis Facilities Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) G P Guide CMD
INS
PRO ND PRE
RES
REC
MC
COM
 
151 http://www.aoa.gov/PRESS/preparedness/pdf/Attachment_1357.pdf Administration on Aging: Emergency Assistance Guide Administration on Aging G P Guide ELD PRO UNS PRE COM
OTH (emergency management system response)
 
152 http://www.ahrq.gov/research/altstand/altstand.pdf Bioterrorism and Other Public Health Emergencies Altered Standards of Care in Mass Casualty Events Prepared by: Health Systems Research, Inc. AHRQ Publication No. 05-0043 April 2005 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (link from AHRQ, HHS, CMS) G P Guide CMD
INS
PRO UNS RES MC
TRAN
COM
 
153 http://www.hhs.gov/od/tips.html Dealing with Disabilities: Tips for First Responders US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disability G P Tipsheet DIS
ELD
PRO UNS RES MC
TRAN
COM
 
154 http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/cope_with_crisis_book/index.cfm An Activity Book For African American Families: Helping Children Cope with Crisis National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health & Human Development G P Activity Book CHI
DC
CAR UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
155 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/TraumaticEvents/children.asp Coping With Traumatic Events Parent Guidelines for Talking with Young Children about War and Terrorism Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G IE Guidelines CHI CAR TT
MMD (war)
REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
156 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/TraumaticEvents/tips.asp Coping With Traumatic Events Parent Guidelines for Talking with School-Age Children about War and Terrorism Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G IE Guidelines CHI CAR
VI
TT
MMD (war)
REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
157 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/TraumaticEvents/teenagers.asp Coping With Traumatic Events Parent Guidelines for Talking with Teenagers about War and Terrorism Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G IE Guidelines CHI CAR TT
MMD (war)
REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
158 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/TraumaticEvents/teachers.asp Coping With Traumatic Events Tips for Supporting children during Times of War: A Guide for Teachers Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G P Guidelines CHI CAR
PRO
TT
MMD (war)
REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
159 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/EmergencyServices/oneyear.asp Emergency Mental Health and Traumatic Stress Tips for Teachers Marking Disaster Anniversaries in the Classroom Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G P Guidelines CHI CAR
PRO
TT
MMD (war)
REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
160 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/EmergencyServices/questions.asp Emergency Mental Health and Traumatic Stress Tips for Teachers Questions to Help Children Talk About a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G P Guidelines CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
161 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/EmergencyServices/otherways.asp Emergency Mental Health and Traumatic Stress Tips for Teachers When Talking Doesn't Help: Other Ways to Help Children Express Their Feelings Following a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G P Guidelines CHI CAR
PRO
UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
162 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/EmergencyServices/culture.asp Emergency Mental Health and Traumatic Stress Tips for Teachers The Role of Culture in Helping Children Recover from a Disaster Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), National Mental Health Information Center G P Guidelines CHI
DC
PRO UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
163 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/publications/allpubs/SMA05-4025/SMA05-4025.pdf Mental Health Response to Mass Violence and Terrorism a Field Guide US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Mental Health Services 2005 G P Field guide CHI
ELD
DC
CMD
OTH (mental health)
PRO TT
MMD (mass violence)
RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
166 http://www.dol.gov/PrinterFriendly/PrinterVersion.aspx?url=http://www.dol.gov/odep/pubs/fact/effective.htm Effective Emergency Preparedness Planning: Addressing the Needs of Employees with Disabilities US Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy G P Tip sheet DIS PRO UNS PRE TRAN
COM
OTH (work/legal issues)
 
167 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-154.pdf Emergency Procedures for Employees with Disabilities in Office Occupancies U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy G P Guide DIS PRO UNS PRE
RES
TRAN (evacuation)
COM
 
168 http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/consumerfacts/emergencyvideo.html Accessibility of Emergency Video Programming To Persons With Hearing And Visual Disabilities Federal Communications Commission G P Factsheet DIS PRO UNS RES COM  
169 http://www.fema.gov/oer/reference/ Accommodat-ing Individuals With Disabilities In The Provision Of Disaster Mass Care, Housing, And Human Services Reference Guide Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) G P Guide DIS PRO ND RES
REC
OTH (ADA)  
170 http://www.ada.gov/pcatoolkit/chap7emergencymgmt.htm ADA Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments Chapter 7 Emergency Management Under Title II of the ADA US Department of Justice, ADA G P Guide DIS PRO ND PRE OTH (ADA)  
171 http://www.ada.gov/pcatoolkit/chap7emergencymgmtadd1.htm ADA Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments, Chapter 7 Addendum 1: Title II Checklist (Emergency Management) US Department of Justice, ADA G P Checklist DIS PRO ND PRE OTH (ADA)  
173 http://www.nod.org/EPIResources/interactive_map.html Interactive Map of Disability & Emergency Preparedness Resources National Organization on Disability (NOD) N IE Resource Map DIS VI UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM  
174 http://www.jik.com/techartV4.doc Emergency Power Planning for People Who Use Electricity and Battery Dependent Assistive Technology and Medical Devices June Isaacson Kailes, Disability Policy Consultant (linked from access-board.gov, from HHS) N P Checklist DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM
TRAN
MI
MC
 
175 http://www.disastersrus.org/MyDisasters/disability/epips2sensory.pdf Prepare Yourself Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Sensory Disabilities National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS (sensory disabilities) VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM  
176 http://www.disastersrus.org/MyDisasters/disability/epips1disability.pdf Prepare Yourself Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Disabilities National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
TRAN
MC
 
178 http://www.nod.org/resources/PDFs/epips4mobility.pdf Prepare Yourself Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Mobility Disabilities National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM  
179 http://www.nod.org/resources/PDFs/epips3cognitive.pdf Prepare Yourself Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Developmental or Cognitive Disabilities National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
SUP
MC
 
180 http://www.nod.org/resources/PDFs/epips5animals.pdf Prepare Yourself Disaster Readiness Tips for Owners of Pets or Service Animals National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS
OTH (service animal)
VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
OTH (service animal)
 
181 http://www.nod.org/Resources/PDFs/preparing2a.pdf AND http://www.nod.org/Resources/PDFs/preparing2b.pdf Preparing Makes Sense for People with Disabilities and Special Needs National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
MC
OTH (service animal)
 
182 http://www.nod.org/Resources/PDFs/preparing1a.pdf AND http://www.nod.org/Resources/PDFs/preparing1b.pdf Preparing Makes Sense for Older Americans National Organization on Disability (NOD) N P Brochure ELD VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
MC
OTH (service animal)
 
183 http://www.lacity.org/dod/handbook.pdf City of Los Angeles Department on Disability Emergency Preparedness for People with Disabilities City of Los Angeles Department on Disability (linked from National Organization on Disability NOD) G P Guide DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
185 http://www.unitedspinal.org/pdf/WheelchairFireSafety.pdf Fire Safety for Wheelchair Users at Work and at Home United Spinal Association (linked to by National Organization on Disability NOD) N P Guide DIS (wheelchair specific) VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE COM
TRAN
 
186 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/hearing.pdf Fire Risks for the Deaf or Hard of Hearing US Fire Administration (linked by NOD) G P Guide DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI
CAR
PRO
OE (fire) PRE
RES
COM  
188 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/mobility.pdf Fire Risks for the Mobility Impaired US Fire Administration (linked by NOD) G P Guide DIS (mobility impaired) VI
CAR
PRO
OE (fire) PRE
RES
COM
TRAN
 
189 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/older.pdf Fire Risks for Older Adults US Fire Administration (linked by NOD) G P Guide ELD VI
CAR
PRO
OE (fire) PRE
RES
COM  
190 http://www.preparenow.org/ba-eprep.html Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition For Seniors and people with Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
ELD
VI UNS PRE COM  
191 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtips.html Earthquake Tips for People With Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS VI ND (earthquake) PRE COM  
192 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtmdis.html Earthquake Tips for People Mobility Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS (mobility impaired) VI ND (earthquake) PRE COM  
193 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtcoms.html Earthquake Tips for People With Communication and Speech Related Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS (communication and speech related disabilities) VI UNS ND (earthquake) PRE COM  
194 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtpsyd.html Earthquake Tips for People With Psychiatric Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
OTH (psychiatric disabilities)
VI ND (earthquake) PRE
RES
REC
COM
MC
 
195 http://www.preparenow.org/cogdis.html Earthquake Tips for People with Cognitive Disabilities (mental retardation, brain injury, stroke and other conditions that may reduce the ability to process information.) Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
OTH (cognitive disabilities)
VI ND (earthquake) PRE COM  
196 http://www.preparenow.org/deaf.html Earthquake Tips for the Hearing Impaired Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS (hearing impairment) VI ND (earthquake) PRE COM  
197 http://www.preparenow.org/eyes.html Earthquake Tips for People With Visual Disabilities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS (visual disabilities) VI UNS
ND (earthquake)
PRE MI  
198 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtenvil.html Earthquake Tips for People with Environmental Illness or Chemical Sensitivities Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
CMD
OTH (environmental illness or chemical sensitivities)
VI UNS
ND (earthquake)
PRE COM
MC
 
199 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtlsups.html Earthquake Tips for People Who Use Life Support Systems (dialysis, respirator, oxygen, suction, Intravenous pump or infusion therapy) Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
CMD
OTH (people who use support systems-- dialysis, respirator, oxygen, suction, IV pump, infusion therapy)
VI ND (earthquake) PRE COM
MC
 
200 http://www.preparenow.org/eqtanpet.html Earthquake Tips for Service Animals and Pet Owners Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
OTH (service animals)
VI UNS
ND (earthquake)
PRE COM
OTH (service animal)
 
201 http://www.preparenow.org/tipcrd.html Tips for Creating an Emergency Health Information Card Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS
CMD
VI UNS
ND (earthquake)
PRE COM
MC
 
202 http://www.preparenow.org/doctip.html Tips for Collecting Emergency Documents Bay Area Emergency Preparedness Coalition (linked to by NOD) in conjunction with the Red Cross N P Checklist DIS VI UNS
ND (earthquake)
PRE COM  
204 http://www.cms.hhs.gov/ESRDNetworkOrganizations/Downloads/EmergencyPreparednessforFacilities2.pdf Emergency Preparedness for Dialysis Facilities-- A Guide for Chronic Dialysis Facilities Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) G P Guide INS
CMD
PRO UNS PRE MC  
205 http://www.naccho.org/_toolbox/apc-NHAssessment_fnl.pdf Emergency Preparedness Checklist for Nursing Homes, Assisted Living Facilities, and Group Homes The Montgomery County Advanced Practice Center for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response (Advanced Practice Center on the NACCHO website) G P Checklist ELD
INS
CMD
PRO UNS PRE MC  
206 http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/bt/13apr99APIC-CDCBioterrorism.PDF Bioterrorism Readiness Plan: A Template for Healthcare Facilities Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (APIC Bioterrorism Task Force and CDC Hospital Infections Program Bioterrorism Working Group) G P Template INS
CMD
PRO TT
IDO
PRE
RES
MC
TRAN
 
207 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/workplaceplanning/correctionchecklist.pdf Correctional Facilities Pandemic influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist INS PRO IDO PRE COM
OTH (incident command system)
 
208 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/longtermcare.pdf Long-Term Care and Other Residential Facilities Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist INS
CMD
ELD
PRO IDO PRE
RES
COM
OTH (incident command system)
 
209 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/child_care.pdf Child Care and Preschool Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CHI CAR
PRO
IDO PRE
RES
COM
OTH (program operations)
 
210 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/schoolchecklist.pdf School District (K-12) Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CHI PRO IDO PRE COM
OTH (program operations)
 
211 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/colleges_universities.pdf Colleges and Universities Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CHI
INS
PRO IDO PRE COM
OTH (program operations)
 
212 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/individuals.pdf Pandemic Flu Planning Checklist for Individuals & Families Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CHI CAR IDO PRE
RES
COM
MC
Yes--Amharic, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, Farsi, Russian, Vietnamese
213 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/informationsheet.pdf Family Emergency Health Information Sheet Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CHI CAR IDO PRE COM
MC
 
214 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/healthcarechecklist.pdf Home Health Care Services Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CMD
ELD
INS
PRO IDO PRE COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
215 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/medofficesclinics.pdf Medical Offices and Clinics Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CMD PRO IDO PRE COM
MC
 
216 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/pdf/ems.pdf Emergency Medical Service and Non-Emergent (Medical) Transport Organizations Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CMD PRO IDO PRE COM
MC
 
217 http://www.pandemicflu.gov/plan/healthcare/hospitalchecklist.pdf Hospital Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) pandemicflu.gov G P Checklist CMD
CHI
ELD
PW
PRO IDO PRE COM
MC
TRAN
 
219 http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/publications/100233-RelocationStress.pdf Helping Families Deal With the Stress of Relocation After a Disaster Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry (ATSDR) G P Guide CHI
ELD
CAR UNS (evacuation) REC COM
OTH (relocation)
 
223 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/preparedness/mind/parents/ Maintain a Healthy State of Mind Parents and Caregivers Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Preparedness and Response G P Tipsheet CHI
OTH (caregivers)
CAR UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
224 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/preparedness/mind/middleschool/ Maintain a Healthy State of Mind Middle School Students Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Preparedness and Response G P Tipsheet/ Checklist CHI VI
CAR
TT RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
225 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/preparedness/mind/highschool/ Maintain a Healthy State of Mind High School Students Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Preparedness and Response G P Tipsheet CHI VI UNS
TT
RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
226 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/preparedness/mind/seniors/ Maintain a Healthy State of Mind Seniors Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Preparedness and Response G P Tipsheet ELD VI TT
ND
PRE
RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
227 http://www.redcross.org/static/file_cont1249_lang0_566.pdf Sign Language for Emergency Situations American Red Cross N P Guide DIS PRO UNS RES
REC
COM  
228 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/matchinggame.pdf Pack It Up Matching Game Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Activity Sheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
229 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/crossword.pdf Crossword Puzzle Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Activity Sheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
230 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/hiddentreasures.pdf Hidden Treasures Worksheet Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Activity Sheet CHI VI UNS PRE COM  
231 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_images/illustrations/comic_1_large.gif Comic Strip: Supply Kit Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Comic Strip CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
232 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_images/illustrations/comic_2_large.gif Comic Strip: Family Plan Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Comic Strip CHI VI UNS PRE COM  
233 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_images/illustrations/comic_3_large.gif Comic Strip: Weather Preparedness Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Comic Strip CHI VI ND (extreme weather) PRE COM  
234 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/wordsearch.pdf Word Search Game Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Word Search Activity CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
237 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/communicate.pdf Communicate! Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Worksheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
238 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/familyplan.pdf Just in Case Family Plan Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Family Plan CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
239 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/familylist.pdf Family Supply List Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Checklist CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
240 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step1/finalcheck.html Final Check Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Quiz CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
241 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step1/packitup.html Pack it Up-- Interactive Version Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Matching game CHI VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE COM  
242 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step1/scavengerhunt.html Scavenger Hunt Family Game Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IP Scavenger Hunt CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
243 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step2/wordsearch.html Word Search Game-- interactive version Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Word Search Interactive CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
244 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step2/hidden.html Hidden Treasures Activity-- Interactive Version Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Hidden Treasures Activity CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
245 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step2/talkitout.html Talk it Out Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Tipsheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
246 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step3/index.html Know the Facts Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Factsheet CHI VI
CAR
UNS (all hazards) PRE COM  
247 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step3/quiz.html Crossword Puzzle-- Interactive Version Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Crossword Puzzle-- Interactive CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
248 http://www.ready.gov/kids/step4/index.html Graduate from Readiness U! Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IE Quiz-- Interactive CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
249 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/kids_song.pdf Get Prepared! Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G IP Song CHI VI
CAR
PRO
ND PRE COM  
250 http://www.ready.gov/kids/_downloads/PFA_Parents.pdf Listen, Protect, and Connect: Psychological First Aid for Children and Parents Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (ready.gov) G P Booklet CHI CAR UNS PRE COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
251 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Thunderstorms.pdf Thunderstorms-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE COM  
252 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Volcanoes.pdf Volcanoes-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE
RES
COM  
253 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Tornadoes.pdf Tornadoes-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE COM  
254 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Wildfires.pdf Wildfires-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE COM  
255 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Winterstorms.pdf Winter Storms-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE COM  
256 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Landslides.pdf Landslides-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE
RES
COM  
257 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/Tsunamis.pdf Tsunamis-- Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND PRE
RES
REC
COM  
258 http://www.cepintdi.org/pdf/NOAARadios.pdf Are You Ready? A Fact Sheet for People who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Receiving Information in an Emergency: NOAA Weather Radios Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from Disabilityinfo.gov site) N P Factsheet DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing) VI ND
TT
MMD
PRE COM  
259 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/fswy22.pdf Removing the Barriers A Fire Safety Factsheet for People with Disabilities and their Caregivers US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Tipsheet DIS VI
CAR
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
260 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/fswy23.pdf Special Populations Fire-Safe Checklist A Fire Safety Factsheet for People with Special Needs US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Checklist DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing)
ELD
VI
CAR
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
261 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/fswy20.pdf A Clear Fire Safety Message A Fire Safety Factsheet for the Visually Impaired US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Factsheet DIS (visually impaired) VI
CAR
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
262 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/fswy19.pdf Fire Safe and Sound-- A Fire Safety Factsheet for the Deaf or Hard of Hearing US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Factsheet DIS (hearing-impaired) VI
CAR
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
263 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-205.pdf Fire Risks for the Blind or Visually Impaired US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Guide DIS
ELD
OTH (visually impaired)
VI
CAR
PRO
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
264 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-202-508.pdf Fire Risks for the Deaf or Hard of Hearing US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Guide DIS (deaf or hard-of-hearing)
ELD
VI
CAR
PRO
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
265 http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-204-508.pdf Administration Fire Risks for the Mobility Impaired US Fire Administration (under DHS-FEMA) G P Guide DIS
ELD
OTH (mobility impaired)
VI
CAR
PRO
ND
OE (fire)
PRE COM  
267 http://www.ncptsd.va.gov/ncmain/ncdocs/fact_shts/fs_children_disaster.html Terrorist Attacks and Children US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (link from disabilityinfo.gov website) G P Factsheet CHI CAR TT REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
268 http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencyplan/index.html Emergency Management for Schools-- Four Webcasts US Department of Education G AV Webcast Training CHI PRO UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
TRAN
OTH (emergency management planning)
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
269 http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencyplan/crisisplanning.pdf Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities US Department of Education G P Guide CHI PRO UNS PRE COM  
272 http://www.midwife.org/siteFiles/about/givingbirthinplacerevised.pdf Giving Birth "In Place": A Guide for Emergency Preparedness for Childbirth American College of Nurse-Midwives N P Guide PW VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
REC
MC  
273 http://www.marchofdimes.com/pnhec/159_21889.asp Prepare for Disaster: Special Information for Pregnant Women March of Dimes N P Checklist PW VI UNS PRE
RES
REC
MC  
274 http://www.aap.org/breastfeeding/PDF/InfantNutritionDisaster.pdf Infant Nutrition During a Disaster Breastfeeding and Other Options American Academy of Pediatrics (link from La Leche League) N P Factsheet CHI CAR
PRO
UNS RES
REC
MC
OTH (nutrition)
 
275 http://www.llli.org/images/EmergencyFeeding.pdf Infant Feeding in Emergencies Texas Department of State Health Services G P Brochure CHI CAR UNS RES
REC
MC
OTH (nutrition)
 
276 http://www.euro.who.int/document/e56303.pdf Infant Feeding in Emergencies: A Guide for Mothers World Health Organization, Europe G P Guide CHI CAR UNS RES
REC
MC
OTH (nutrition)
 
277 http://www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/specpop_general.aspx Coping with Crisis-- Helping Children With Special Needs National Association of School Psychologists N P Tipsheet CHI
DIS
CAR
PRO
UNS RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
278 http://www.diabetes.org/type-2-diabetes/travel/emergency-tips.jsp Tips for Emergency Preparedness American Diabetes Association N P Tipsheet CMD
CHI
CAR UNS PRE MC
COM
 
279 http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/documents/diabetes_disaster_guidelines.pdf Diabetes Disaster Preparedness Patient Information State of New Jersey G P Tipsheet CMD VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
MC  
280 http://www.cdc.gov/Diabetes/news/docs/hurricanes.htm Help for People with Diabetes Affected by Natural Disasters Centers for Disease Control (CDC) G P Tipsheet/ website CMD VI
CAR
ND PRE MC
COM
 
281 http://www.aoa.gov/prof/disaster_assist/disaster_assist_manual_IX.asp Disaster Preparedness Manual for the Aging Network IX. Native Americans Administration on Aging G P Factsheet DC
ELD
PRO UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
TRAN
 
282 http://www.nfpa.org/assets/files//PDF/Forms/EvacuationGuide.pdf Emergency Evacuation Planning Guide For People with Disabilities National Fire Protection Association N P Guide DIS PRO UNS PRE COM  
283 http://www.ilcusa.org/media/pdfs/epopib.pdf Emergency Preparedness for Older People International Longevity Center N P Guide ELD PRO UNS PRE COM
MC
 
284 http://www.healthinaging.org/public_education/disaster_tips.pdf Emergency Preparedness Tips for Older Adults American Geriatrics Society N P Tipsheet ELD PRO UNS PRE COM
MC
 
285 http://www.aadb.org/information/emergency_preparation/emerg_plan.html What to Do in an Emergency? American Association of the Deaf-Blind N P Tipsheet DIS (deaf, hard-of-hearing, blind) PRO UNS PRE COM
MC
 
286 http://www.acb.org/washington/Emergency-Preparedness-Brochure.pdf Emergency Preparedness for your Service Animal or Pet American Council of the Blind N P Tipsheet DIS (blind) VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM
OTH (service animal)
 
287 http://www.acb.org/washington/emergency-preparedness-final.doc Emergency Preparedness and People who are Blind and Visually Impaired: A Handbook for the Consumer American Council of the Blind N P Tipsheet DIS (blind) VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
289 http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/printindex.asp Index of Printable Hurricane and Flood Materials Centers for Disease Control (CDC) G IE Website/ Translated materials ENG VI UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM Yes--French, German, Haitian-Creole, Chinese, Portuguese, Spanish, Vietnamese
291 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/katrina/first.asp Tips for First Responders Possible Alcohol and Substance Abuse Indicators Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA), Center for Mental Health Services G P Tipsheet PD PRO UNS RES
REC
COM  
292 http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/SMA99-3323/99-821.pdf Psychosocial Issues for Older Adults in Disasters Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA), Center for Mental Health Services G P OTH (report) ELD
CMD
INS
VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM
MC
MI
 
293 http://www.nobodyleftbehind2.org/~rrtcpbs/findings/posters_orderform.shtml Do’s & Dont Checklists Nobody Left Behind N P Poster/ Checklists DIS VI UNS PRE COM
OTH (evacuation)
 
294 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/prepare.htm Prepare for What Will Happen DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS VI UNS PRE COM
OTH (evacuation)
 
295 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/shelmngr.htm Shelter Managers Should Know … DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS PRO UNS PRE COM
OTH (shelter)
 
296 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/rescue.htm Training Rescue Workers DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS PRO UNS PRE COM  
297 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/wheelchair.htm Evacuating Wheelchair Users DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS VI
PRO
UNS PRE COM
OTH (evacuation)
 
298 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/communications.htm Communica-tions After a Disaster DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS PRO UNS PRE COM  
299 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/shelters.htm Managing Shelters DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS PRO UNS PRE COM
OTH (shelter)
 
300 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/service.htm Points of Service (Food, Water, Financial Aid, etc.) DP2 Disabled People and Disaster Planning N P Tipsheet DIS PRO UNS PRE COM
OTH (shelter)
 
301 http://www.aadb.org/information/emergency_preparation/emerg_kit.html Building an Emergency Kit: Checklist American Association of the Deaf-Blind N P Website DIS (deaf, hard-of-hearing, blind) VI UNS PRE COM  
302 http://www.fema.gov/kids/ FEMA for Kids Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) G IE Website CHI VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM  
303 http://www.helpusafety.org/3PREPSDI.pdf Disaster Preparedness-- Reasoning Why HELPU Fire and Life Safety N P Newsletter DIS VI
CAR
UNS PRE COM
MC
 
304 http://www.helpusafety.org/safetybrochuresenglish.html Winter Safety HELPU Fire and Life Safety N P Tipsheet DIS VI ND PRE COM
MI
 
305 http://www.whiteribbonalliance.org/Resources/Documents/WISP.Final.07.27.07.pdf Women and Infants Services Package (WISP) National Working Group for Women and Infant Needs in Emergencies in the United States White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (linked to NACCHO, March of Dimes, Assoc Acad Pediatrics) N P Guide PW
CHI
VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE COM
MC
 
308 http://www.aap.org/new/returnofchildren.pdf Clinician Recommendations Regarding Return of Children to Areas Impacted by Flooding and/or Hurricanes: A Joint Statement from the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units and the American Academy of Pediatrics American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) N P Factsheet CHI
PW
PRO UNS REC COM
MC
 
309 http://www.aap.org/terrorism//topics/parents.pdf Responding to Children’s Emotional Needs During Times of Crisis: An Important Role for Pediatricians American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) N P Factsheet CHI PRO UNS RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 


APPENDIX B2. ORGANIZATIONS INCLUDED IN COMPENDIUM SAMPLE

Organization Website
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
Avianflu.gov http://www.avianflu.gov
DisabilityInfo.gov http://www.disabilityinfo.gov/digov-public/public/DisplayPage.do?parentFolderId=213
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) http://www.fcc.gov
National Council on Disability http://www.ncd.gov
Pandemicflu.gov http://www.pandemicflu.gov
U.S. Access Board http://www.access-board.gov
U.S. Department of Education, Emergency Planning http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencyplan/index.html
U.S. Department of Education, National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osers/nidrr/index.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Developmental Disabilities http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/add/resources/dispub.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging http://www.aoa.gov
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistance for Persons with Disabilities or Special Needs http://www.hhs.gov/katrina/survivors.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response, and Emergency Preparedness and Response Branch http://www.cdc.gov
http://www.bt.cdc.gov
http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/emergency/default.htm
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) http://www.cms.hhs.gov/home/medicare.asp
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Civil Rights, Emergency Preparedness Planning and Response http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/hipaa/emergencyPPR.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disability http://www.hhs.gov/od/emergencypreparedness.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health Preparedness http://www.hhs.gov/disasters/index.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) http://www.samhsa.gov
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic
http://www.hhs.gov/katrina/survivors.html
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Disabilitypreparedness.gov http://www.disabilitypreparedness.gov
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Disasterhelp.gov http://www.disasterhelp.gov
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/specialplans.shtm
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Ready America and Ready Kids http://www.ready.gov
http://www.ready.gov/kids/parents/downloads.html
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) http://www.usfa.fema.gov
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) http://www.osha.gov
U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy, The Job Accommodation Network http://www.jan.wvu.edu
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration http://www.fta.dot.gov/index.html
http://www.transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Default.asp
U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Outreach Activities and Resources, Specialized Information Services http://www.sis.nlm.nih.gov/outreach/specialpopulationsanddisasters.html
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, HELPU Fire Life Safety http://www.helpusafety.org
ASSOCIATIONS
Advanced Practice Centers (APC), NACCHO http://www.naccho.org/topics/emergency/APC.cfm
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org/new/disasterresources.htm
American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged http://www2.aahsa.org/
American Association of People with Disabilities http://www.aapd-dc.org/index.php
American Association of the Deaf-Blind http://www.aadb.org
American Council of the Blind http://www.acb.org
American Health Care Association http://www.apha.org
American Public Health Association (APHA) http://www.apha.org
Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) http://www.astho.org/?template=preparedness.html
Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association http://www.disasters.org/dera/dera.htm
National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO) http://www.naccho.org
National Association of State EMS http://www.nasemsd.org
National Association of the Deaf http://www.nad.org
National Citizens' Coalition for Nursing Home Reform (NCCNHR) http://www.nccnhr.org/default.cfm
National Conference of State Legislatures http://www.ncsl.org/index.htm#
National Congress of American Indians http://www.ncai.org/Home.9.0.html
National Federation of the Blind http://www.nfb.org/nfb/default.asp
National Governors Association http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga
National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center http://www.ltcombudsman.org
United Spinal Association/The Eastern Paralyzed Veterans Association http://www.unitedspinal.org
SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS
Alzheimers Association http://www.alz.org/index.asp
American Red Cross http://www.redcross.org
Center for Disability and Special Needs Preparedness http://www.disabilitypreparedness.org
Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (CEPIN) http://www.cepintdi.org
iCan! http://www.icanonline.net
Living Independent Research Utilization http://www.ilru.org/html/training/webcasts/handouts/2003/08-27-PB/resources.htm
March of Dimes http://www.marchofdimes.com
National Alliance for Hispanic Health http://www.hispanichealth.org
National Council for Independent Living http://www.ncil.org
National Council of La Raza http://www.nclr.org/content/programs/detail/1452/
National Organization on Disability http://www.nod.org
PrepareNow.org http://www.preparenow.org
The Joint Commission http://www.jointcommission.org/PublicPolicy/ep_home.htm
Through the Looking Glass http://www.lookingglass.org
White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood http://www.whiteribbonalliance.org
RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS
Centers for Public Health Preparedness, Association of Schools of Public Health http://www.asph.org/cphp/home.cfm
National Child Traumatic Stress Network http://www.nctsnet.org/nccts/nav.do?pid=hom_main
Nobody Left Behind http://www.nobodyleftbehind2.org
RAND Corporation http://www.rand.org
OTHERS
Center for an Accessible Society http://www.accessiblesociety.org
Disabled People and Disaster Planning PD2 http://www.citycent.com/dp2/
Exceptional Parent Magazine http://www.eparent.com/index.asp
June Isaacson Kailes, Disability Policy Consultant http://www.jik.com/disaster.html


APPENDIX B3. COMPENDIUM OF UNAVAILABLE RESOURCES

The spreadsheet legend is the same as in Appendix B1.

Doc # Hyperlink Citation Source Source Type Type Specific Type Vulnerable Population Audience Emergency Type Stage of Preparedness Functional Area Other Languages
23 http://www.aahsa.communityzero.com/disasterhelp Disaster Help Community American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged N IE On-line Community INS
ELD
VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
REC
COM  
30 http://www.disabilitypreparedness.org/NEW%20DPC%20WEB%20PAGE/Special%20Needs%20Information.htm Earthquake Preparedness Video The Center for Disabilities and Special Needs Preparedness (DPC) N AV Video DIS VI ND PRE OTH Yes--Cantonese, Mandarin, Russian, Spanish, Korean, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Tagalog, and English open captioned
32 http://www.aginginstride.org/emergencyprep/default.htm#Section1 Just in Case Emergency Readiness Kit-- Video and Presenter's Guide US Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging; Aging in Stride G P/AV Video Presenter's Guide ELD VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE MI
COM
 
33 http://www.aginginstride.org/emergencyprep/default.htm#Section1 Just in Case-- Emergency Readiness for Older Adults and Caregivers Video U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging; Aging in Stride G AV Video ELD VI
CAR
PRO
UNS PRE MI
COM
MC
Yes--Spanish
36 http://www.state.tn.us/commerce/sfm/fireSafetyEducationResources.html Programs for Reaching Hearing Impaired. The Tennessee Fire Marshal’s Office Offers a Course for Safety Educators in Reaching People with Hearing Disabilities in the Event of Fire State of Tennessee, Department of Commerce and Insurance G OTH (Course) Course DIS PRO ND PRE
RES
COM  
37 http://www.disabilitypreparedness.org/NEW%20DPC%20WEB%20PAGE/Readiness%20Training%20and%20Materials.htm Readiness Training and Materials for Individuals with Disabilities and Other Special Needs Center for Disabilities and Special Needs Preparedness (DPC) N P Training Guide DIS PRO
VI
UNS PRE COM
MI
 
44 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake After The Earthquake Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM Yes--Spanish
45 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Children's Activity Poster American Red Cross N P Activity Poster CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
46 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Fire Safety Pictorial Brochure American Red Cross N P Written Brochure CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
47 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Fire Safety Doorknob Hang-Tag American Red Cross N P Doorknob Hang-Tag CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
48 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake After the Fire Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM Yes--Spanish
49 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Look Hot! Stay Cool! Childrens Activity Book American Red Cross N P Activity Book CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
50 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Video: Look Hot! Stay Cool! Kid's Video American Red Cross N AV Video CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
51 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake After the Flood Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM Yes--Spanish
52 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Jason and Robin's Awesome Hurricane Adventure American Red Cross N P Workbook CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
53 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Video: Jason and Robin's Awesome Hurricane Adventure American Red Cross N AV Video CHI VI
CAR
ND PRE COM  
55 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake After the Storm Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM Yes--Spanish
56 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake After the Tornado Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM Yes--Spanish
57 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Wildfire Coloring Book American Red Cross N P Coloring Book CHI VI
CAR
ND REC COM  
60 http://www.redcross.org/pubs/dspubs/childmatls.html#equake Video: Adventures of the Disaster Dudes American Red Cross N AV Video CHI VI
CAR
PRO
ND PRE COM  
78 http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/samhsadr/contents.htm Child Trauma and Schools: Disaster Response Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) G AV Webcast CHI PRO UNS REC COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 
146 http://www.cepintdi.org/default.aspx?pageid=174 Emergency Preparedness Video Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N AV Video DIS
OTH (hard-of-hearing/ deaf)
VI
CAR
UNS PRE
RES
COM
MI
Yes--American Sign Language
147 http://www.cepintdi.org/default.aspx?pageid=175 How to Respond to Emergencies with Deaf, Hard of Hearing, and Deaf Blind People Community Emergency Preparedness Information Network (linked from DisabilityNow.org site) N AV Video DIS
OTH (hard-of-hearing/ deaf)
PRO UNS PRE
RES
COM
MI
 
270 http://www.threatplan.org/ "Bomb Threat Response: A Free Interactive Planning Tool US Department of Education G AV CD-ROM CHI PRO TT
OTH (bomb)
PRE COM  
306 http://www.aap.org/terrorism/topics/TIPP_VIPP.pdf Four Steps to Prepare Your Family for Disasters American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) N P Tipsheet CHI
ELD
CAR UNS PRE COM
MC
 
307 http://www.aap.org/terrorism/topics/disasterprepplanforpeds.pdf A Disaster Preparedness Plan for Pediatricians American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) N P Guide CHI PRO UNS PRE COM
MC
 
310 http://www.aap.org/profed/childrencheckup.htm Feelings Need Check Ups Too American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) N AV CD-ROM CHI PRO UNS RES
REC
COM
OTH (mental health/ trauma)
 


APPENDIX B4. ALL-STAR SCORE SHEET

HHS Working Definition
of At-Risk Population
Resource #____________ Resource Name:________________________________
Dimensions Not Enough Info Poor Fair Good Excellent Truly Extraordinary Motivation for Score/Other Comments
EFFECTIVENESS/COMPREHENSIVENESS
Objectives for the resource are clearly stated and addressed. 0 1 2 3 4 5  
The risks associated with the public health emergency are clearly stated and addressed. 0 1 2 3 4 5  
Resource reasonably covers issues salient to the specified vulnerable population(s). 0 1 2 3 4 5  
FEASIBILITY/USEFULNESS
Resource provides specific guidance on how to act on the advice given (i.e., is easily actionable). 0 1 2 3 4 5  
Resource is clear and easy to understand. 0 1 2 3 4 5  
Resource is engaging. 0 1 2 3 4 5  
OTHER HIGHLIGHTS
Key Messages Delivered (e.g., bullets of key strategies or themes; substance that should be noted for the summary)
 


NOTES

  1. Resources retain their original document numbers in order to avoid confusion or misattribution across multiple phases of review.

  2. Additionally, 20 of the 242 resources were given Phase 2 review by two reviewers. These reviewer pairs agreed on 18 of 20 determinations of all-star status (90 percent). The two resources for which there was disagreement were excluded from Phase 3 review (and are not part of the 41 all-stars).

  3. The current search, however, did not look for simple translations of emergency risk communications targeting general populations.

  4. Whereas the number of translated materials reported here seems low, we did not compare them to resources targeting general audiences, which may suffer from the same lack of translation. The current search also focused on English language websites. Searches of websites in other languages may have revealed more materials.

Main Report     http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2008/emergfr.htm

Appendix A: Literature Review     http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2008/emergfrA.htm

Appendix B: Compendium of Risk Communication     http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2008/emergfrB.htm