While health benefits are derived from sports and recreational activities, there are also risks, including sports-related injuries. These injuries range from minor sprains and strains to more serious injuries such as broken bones and concussions. The direct medical bills resulting from sports injuries are substantial. The costs could be a heavy burden for individuals without health insurance coverage, who would not only lack protection against out-of-pocket costs but could also be forced to pay providers’ full stated charges, rather than the discounted prices generally offered to those with insurance. This issue brief describes the prevalence and cost of selected sports injuries.