Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs,

Final Report

April 2007

Christopher Trenholm, Barbara Devaney, Ken Fortson, Lisa Quay, Justin Wheeler, and Melissa Clark
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

Project Director:
Christopher Trenholm

Contract No.: HHS 100-98-0010
MPR Reference No.: 8549-110

Submitted to:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation

Project Officer:
Meredith Kelsey

This report is available on the Internet at:

Printer Friendly version in PDF format. (164 pages)

How to Obtain a Printed Copy


HHS Fact Sheet (PDF format - 2 pages)

Executive Summary (PDF format - 12 pages)



  1. Introduction
  2. Focal Programs
  3. Design and Methods for the Final Impact Evaluation
  4. Impacts on Sexual Abstinence and Teen Risk Behaviors
  5. Knowledge and Perceptions of Risks Associated with Teen Sex
  6. Predictors of Sexual Abstinence
  7. Conclusions


Appendices [Only available in the PDF version of the full report. (PDF - 164 pages)]


Many individuals contributed in important ways to this report. First, we thank Rebecca Maynard, former project director and co-principal investigator, whose hard work, creative thinking, and strong leadership during the evaluation’s first several years made this study and report possible. We also thank Amy Johnson, who provided critical support throughout this study in numerous capacities, including her role as Deputy Project Director and Survey Director.

We also thank the Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Program grantees who have generously allowed us to visit their programs, meet with staff, and observe their operations. Among these grantees, we are especially grateful to those who created and/or are directing the programs that are the focus of the study: Jacqueline Del Rosario with ReCapturing the Vision in Miami, Florida; Vicki Hearns Moses with Teens in Control in Clarksdale, Mississippi; Gale Grant, Ginelle Ampy, and Kathy Douglas with My Choice, My Future! in Powhatan, Virginia; and Dawn Groshek, Marty Kerrigan, Rosemary Fisher, and Lyn Hildenbrand with Families United to Prevent Teen Pregnancy in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. We also would like to thank the many school district staff in these communities who have supported the evaluation.

We have consistently received outstanding guidance and support from members of the project’s technical workgroup. Current members include Marilyn Benoit, Sarah Brown, Ron Haskins, Jim Jaccard, Joe McIlhaney, Robert Michael, Kristin Moore, Susan Philliber, Robert Rector, David Rowberry, Freya Sonenstein, John Vessey, and Brian Wilcox. Many members of the research and policy community — especially Christine Bachrach, Cassie Bevan, Nancye Campbell, Stan Koutstaal, Susan Newcomer, David Siegel, Shepherd Smith, Matthew Stagner, Amy Stephens, and Pat Funderburk Ware — have been generous in answering questions and offering advice. Gary Burtless, Judy Gueron, Rob Hollister, and David Myers provided an extremely valuable review of the study design.

Carolyn Miller, John Homrighausen, Anne Self, Linda Mendenko, Jason Markesich, Milena Rosenblum, and Linda Bandeh shared various responsibilities for the design and oversight of the survey and school records data collection. Peter Schochet and Alan Hershey provided many useful comments on drafts of the documents. William Garrett expertly produced this report.

We are deeply grateful for the longstanding support of the staff at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services who oversee this project, especially to Meredith Kelsey, the project officer for this study, Martha Moorehouse, Barbara Broman, Lisa Trivits, and Nicole Gardner-Neblett. They have accompanied us on site visits, worked with us to stay abreast of and respond quickly to emerging issues and concerns related to the study, and provided consistent support and guidance for the project.

Although we gratefully acknowledge the input of these and many other individuals, we alone are responsible for any errors or omissions in the report. Any opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services or others.

Christopher Trenholm, Project Director (
Barbara Devaney, Co-Investigator (

How to Obtain a Printed Copy

To obtain a printed copy of this report, send the title and your mailing information to:

Human Services Policy, Room 404E
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, DC 20201

Fax:  (202) 690-6562

You may also print the PDF version (164 pages).

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Last updated: 03/05/10