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U.S. Department of Health & Human Services aspe.hhs.gov Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation

2014 Poverty Guidelines

One Version of the [U.S.] Federal Poverty Measure

Federal Register Notice, January 24, 2013 — Full text ]
Prior Poverty Guidelines and Federal Register References Since 1982 ]
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) ]
Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History ]
Computations for the 2014 Poverty Guidelines ]

The following figures are the 2014 HHS poverty guidelines which are scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on January 22, 2014. (Additional information will be posted after the guidelines are published.)

2014 POVERTY GUIDELINES FOR THE 48 CONTIGUOUS STATES
AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Persons in family/household Poverty guideline
For families/households with more than 8 persons, add $4,060 for each additional person.
1$11,670
215,730
319,790
423,850
527,910
631,970
736,030
840,090

 

2014 POVERTY GUIDELINES FOR ALASKA
Persons in family/householdPoverty guideline
For families/households with more than 8 persons, add $5,080 for each additional person.
1$14,580
219,660
324,740
429,820
534,900
639,980
745,060
850,140

 

2014 POVERTY GUIDELINES FOR HAWAII
Persons in family/householdPoverty guideline
For families/households with more than 8 persons, add $4,670 for each additional person.
1$13,420
218,090
322,760
427,430
532,100
636,770
741,440
846,110

The separate poverty guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii reflect Office of Economic Opportunity administrative practice beginning in the 1966-1970 period.  Note that the poverty thresholds — the original version of the poverty measure — have never had separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.  The poverty guidelines are not defined for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. In cases in which a Federal program using the poverty guidelines serves any of those jurisdictions, the Federal office which administers the program is responsible for deciding whether to use the contiguous-states-and-D.C. guidelines for those jurisdictions or to follow some other procedure.

The poverty guidelines apply to both aged and non-aged units.  The guidelines have never had an aged/non-aged distinction; only the Census Bureau (statistical) poverty thresholds have separate figures for aged and non-aged one-person and two-person units.

Programs using the guidelines (or percentage multiples of the guidelines — for instance, 125 percent or 185 percent of the guidelines) in determining eligibility include Head Start, the Supplemental Nutition Assistance Program (SNAP), the National School Lunch Program, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program.  Note that in general, cash public assistance programs (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Supplemental Security Income) do NOT use the poverty guidelines in determining eligibility.  The Earned Income Tax Credit program also does NOT use the poverty guidelines to determine eligibility.  For a more detailed list of programs that do and don’t use the guidelines, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs).

The poverty guidelines (unlike the poverty thresholds) are designated by the year in which they are issued.  For instance, the guidelines issued in January 2014 are designated the 2014 poverty guidelines.  However, the 2014 HHS poverty guidelines only reflect price changes through calendar year 2013; accordingly, they are approximately equal to the Census Bureau poverty thresholds for calendar year 2013.  (The 2013 thresholds are expected to be issued in final form in September 2014; a preliminary version of the 2013 thresholds is now available from the Census Bureau.)

The poverty guidelines may be formally referenced as “the poverty guidelines updated periodically in the Federal Register by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under the authority of 42 U.S.C. 9902(2).”


Go to Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History

Go to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Return to the main Poverty Guidelines, Research, and Measurement page.