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Poverty & Economic Mobility

ASPE releases the annual U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines, which are used to determine financial eligibility for some Federal programs. Presented here are the poverty lines for every State and the District of Columbia. You will also find extensive resources on poverty estimates, trends, and analysis, plus historical information on poverty and the Guidelines. More broadly, this section also encompasses issues like poverty and income dynamics, and asset building and financial literacy.


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Building Self-Sufficiency Among Welfare-Dependent Teenage Parents: Lessons from the Teenage Parent Demonstration

May 31, 1993
By Rebecca Maynard The Teenage Parent Demonstration (TPD) was a major, large-scale, federal demonstration initiative sponsored by the U.S.

Brookings/ICF Long-Term Care Financing Model: Model Assumptions

January 31, 1992
This report provides pertinent details about the variables, data, and equations on which the Brookings/ICF Long Term Care Financing Model is based. It is designed for those interested in learning precisely how the model generates its results.

Brookings/ICF Long-Term Care Financing Model: User's Guide to Specifying Simulations

January 31, 1992
This report discusses the parameters of the model and provides examples of how these parameters can be changed to simulate alternative scenarios of the utilization and financing of nursing home and home care by elderly persons for the period 1986-2020. [94 PDF pages]

Brookings/ICF Long-Term Care Financing Model: Programmer's/Operator's Manual

January 31, 1992
The Brookings/ICF Long Term Care Financing Model is available to interested researchers. However, access to a mainframe computer and significant amounts of computer time are required. The computer tape containing the code of the model and associated input data can be purchased through NTIS.

Brookings/ICF Long-Term Care Financing Model: Designing and Using Model Simulations

January 31, 1992
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Welfare Mothers as Potential Employees: A Statistics Profile Based on National Survey Data

February 24, 1991
When women who receive welfare benefits are compared with other women, both poor and non-poor, in the NLSY and other national sample surveys, welfare mothers are notably different from non-poor mothers. At the same time, these data show that there is considerable diversity within the welfare population.

Caregiver Burden and Institutionalization, Hospital Use, and Stability of Care: Final Report

October 31, 1989
This study assessed a variety of longitudinal models to examine the effect of different types of caregiver burden on outcomes important to policymakers: nursing home admissions, hospital use, and stability of the family and formal care networks.

Long-Term Care Service Use: Longitudinal and Predictive Models Final Report

February 28, 1989
This study describes community and institutional service use patterns over a five year period (1982-1987), based on secondary analyses of longitudinal data for over 4,000 Massachusetts elderly. Emphasis was placed on community service use of persons judged to be at high risk of institutional placement.

An Evaluability Assessment of Child Care Options for Work-Welfare Programs

March 31, 1988
MAXIMUS, Inc. April 1988 This report was prepared under contract #HHS-100-85-0004 between HHS's Office of Social Services Policy (now the Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy) and MAXIMUS, Inc. For additional information about this subject, you can visit the ASPE home page at