The major reasons for granting work exemptions in South Carolina are health problems and caring for a sick or disabled family member, while the major factors in granting time limit extensions are lack of jobs and enrollment in post-secondary education. (The logistical barriers of child care and transportation do not show up as factors in either.)
This section examines the prevalence of specific employment liabilities among the survey respondents who had been granted work exemptions or time limit extensions. About three-fifths of the respondents with work exemptions reported health problems.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Work History and Employment Status
This section examines the work history and employment status of the survey respondents with work exemptions or time limit extensions. In terms of current employment status, 16% of the respondents with work exemptions were employed at the time of the survey compared to 36% of the clients with no exemptions or extensions and 41% of the respondents w
This section provides demographic comparisons between survey respondents who were granted work exemptions or time limit extensions and respondents without exemptions or extensions (Table VI-1).
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Chapter VI. Characteristics of Respondents with Work E Xemptions and Time Limit Extensions
The characteristics and employment barriers of recipients who had been granted work exemptions or time limit extensions are described in this chapter based on the results of the telephone surveys. As presented in Chapter I, the survey sample was stratified to include recipients who had received exemptions from work requirements and recipients who
The findings presented in this chapter have a number of implications for the design and delivery of services to address potential employment barriers among TANF recipients. Identifying and addressing personal barriers and human capital deficits among TANF recipients are very important.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Relationship Between Multiple Barriers and Employment Status
Multiple human capital deficits and personal barriers were more important than multiple logistical barriers in determining current employment status.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Presence of Multiple Potential Barriers to Employment
This section examines the prevalence of multiple potential employment barriers among TANF recipients and how multiple barriers are related to employment status and work history. Appendix D Table V-a shows that about 62% of the survey respondents had three or more employment liabilities (including 18% who had three, 15% who had four, and 29% who ha
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Relationship Between Employment Liabilities and Employment Situation
Personal barriers were more important than situational barriers in terms of current employment status. The personal liabilities of respondents who were working at the time of interview looked quite different from respondents who were not working, as shown in Table V-1. Mental health and physical health problems, family members with health
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Chapter V. Relationship Between Employment Liabilities and Employment Status
A major issue for policy makers is the relative importance of the different types of liabilities as barriers to future employment in terms of designing effective programs and services to ameliorate such employment barriers among the TANF caseload. This chapter examines the relationship between employment liabilities among the survey respondents an
The findings show that many TANF recipients have physical and mental health barriers to employment. Twenty-two percent of the respondents could be classified as having a physical health problem, and 30% reported that their physical health had been a major barrier to employment or education in the past year. About one-third of the respondents could
The survey respondents were asked about problems that existed in their neighborhood, such as unemployment, drugs, crime, and run-down buildings, and whether these problems were a barrier to employment. Nearly 60% of respondents cited unemployment as a problem.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Housing Situation and Stability
Survey respondents were asked about their current housing situation, whether they had moved or been evicted in the past year, and whether housing was a barrier to employment, education, or job training. Almost four in ten of the respondents were living in public housing or subsidized housing.
Survey respondents were asked about transportation barriers to their employment, including whether they had a driver’s license, whether they owned a vehicle or had access to a vehicle, and how they got to work. Fewer than half of the high school dropouts had a drivers’ license.
Survey respondents with children under 15 were asked about their use of child care, whether they had experienced problems finding good quality and affordable child care, and whether child care had been a barrier to employment, or education, or training in the past year. More than a quarter of the respondents with children under 15 said
The survey respondents were asked about other personal barriers to employment, including whether they were caring for a sick or disabled person, whether they had a criminal record, and whether they had problems with English. Fourteen percent of survey respondents reported that they were caring for an elderly, disabled, or sick family member or fri
Female survey respondents were asked a series of questions about whether they had experienced physical abuse or threats in their romantic relationships. 20 Nearly half of female respondents had experienced physical domestic violence in their lifetimes. Combining both severe and moderate physical domestic violence, 47% of the female
Overall, 12% of the respondents showed evidence of a possible learning disability (data not shown). 16 Specifically, about 20% reported that they had problems spelling simple words, 15% had been in special education programs or were given extra help in school, 13% had proble ms with basic math, and 12% had difficulty memorizing numbers.
The survey respondents were asked a series of questions about their use of alcohol or drugs, including questions about any negative consequences from alcohol or drug dependence. Very few respondents reported signs of chemical dependence.
Mental health problems, which affected one-third of the survey respondents 9 , varied by age, ethnicity, and marital status.