The Surgeon General's call to action to prevent and decrease overweight and obesity 2001 . [Rockville, MD]: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. 2001. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL: Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2000. JAMA. 2002;288(14):1723-7.
Employers and health plans may have questions about how the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and the Americans with Disabilities Act, apply to wellness programs and incentives for their employees or enrollees. In particular, they may want to know whether these laws prevent employers and health insurers from providing
New Medicare Benefits in 2005 “Welcome to Medicare” visit (initial preventive exam) Diabetes screening Cardiovascular disease screening Immunizations & Vaccinations Influenza Pneumococcal Hepatitis B Screening & Detection
The President’s Challenge is a physical activity and fitness awards program—a long-standing program of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports that is designed to motivate Americans of all ages, backgrounds and abilities to be physically active every day. To advance this goal, individuals are challenged to build a personal
Innovation on the part of local groups and businesses is a central focus of the Steps Initiative . Secretary Thompson recently recognized eight organizations, in seven separate categories, for their creativity in helping Americans stay healthy in one or more of the following areas: asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart disease and stroke, obesity,
In 2003, HHS awarded 12 communities with five-year grants to implement effective community-based chronic disease prevention and control programs. Twelve communities were selected for their innovative proposals to improve the health of their target populations. (For more information, visit: www.healthierus.gov/steps/grants.html .)
Tobacco use cessation. A recent accomplishment is the Public Health Service document, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: Clinical Practice Guideline , which identifies treatments with demonstrated effectiveness in helping smokers quit. This resource will be a tremendous aid to Americans trying to quit tobacco use. It is available online
The Diabetes Prevention Program demonstrated that prevention of type 2 diabetes is possible in high-risk adults, including adults from minority populations who are at disproportionately increased risk  . The Diabetes Prevention Program clinical trial compared three approaches in overweight people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) to
Cross-cutting focus at NIH and the Food and Drug Administration.
Dynamic search of the health literacy literature indexed in Medline. Available online at http://phpartners.org/hp/health_comm.html . Last viewed March 4, 2004. HRSA health literacy Web pages. Available online at http://www.hrsa.gov/quality/healthlit.htm . Last viewed March 4, 2004.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs --- United States, 1995--1999 . MMWR 2003; 52: 300-303. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs . Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov National Diabetes Education Program http://www.ndep.nih.gov/ National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/ CDC Diabetes Public Health Resource http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/
NIH Obesity Research http://www.obesityresearch.nih.gov/ NIDDK Weight Loss and Control http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health/nutrit/nutrit.htm NHLBI Aim for a Healthy Weight http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/index.htm
Acronyms AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AI/AN American Indians/Alaska Natives AoA Administration on Aging CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services CSAP Center for Substance Abuse Prevention FDA
Health literacy and messaging are important aspects of HHS research and program activities focusing on prevention. The Department’s agencies are engaged in a variety of health literacy activities. HHS agencies are beginning to include health literacy as a consideration in their research, assessment, training, program operations, and communic
HHS has a vast number of individual initiatives, products and messages designed to promote healthy behaviors and reduce illness and disability, such as the national nutrition program, 5 A Day for Better Health Program, the Small Steps program, and its accompanying advertising campaign ( Healthy Lifestyles and Disease Prevention ), which encour