1 “State effects” are separate intercepts estimated in the regression models for each of the 50 states (plus the District of Columbia). They may be viewed as average differences in state spending over the entire period (1977-2000), after controlling for the linear effects of the included variables, such as fiscal capacity and unemployment. S
This study sought to understand how state fiscal capacity affected spending on social welfare programs. It found that low fiscal capacity states spent less on social welfare programs than did high fiscal capacity states and that these differences were greater for cash assistance and non-health social services than for health-related programs.
Study findings emerged from several methods and data sources, including analyses of spending trends, econometric models of state spending on different types of social welfare functions, and the case studies of the six poor states (Arizona, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, South Carolina, and West Virginia). Five of the six case study states wer
Spending on Social Welfare Programs in Rich and Poor States. Final Report.. What Is Social Welfare Spending? And What Is State Fiscal Capacity?
For the purposes of the study, we defined social welfare spending as programs that supported lower-income households, typically, though not exclusively, programs with means tests.
How does a state’s fiscal capacity affect its spending on social welfare programs? Do “poor states” (i.e., states with low fiscal capacity as measured by per capita personal income) differ from richer states in how much they spend on social welfare programs or how they allocate expenditures across cash assistance, Medicaid, and social servic
1 Because we are interested in the effects of state fiscal capacity on social welfare spending, we consider only spending that goes through the budgets of state and local governments, not direct expenditures by the federal government. Thus, we do not analyze the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the Food Stamp Program (FSP), or, with some
Several important findings emerged from the project:
Conducted over 21 months, the study involved two major activities:
Social welfare programs strive to improve the well-being of needy and vulnerable populations. The fact that states spend different amounts on these programs is well known, but why they do so is less understood, including the extent to which differences are affected by states' relative fiscal capacity, defined as their ability to raise revenue thro
Final Report July 2004 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Prepared by: The Lewin Group and its subcontractor The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government Contract No.: 282-98-0016; Task Order 34
Overview of the Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment. Volume 2: Administration
Chapters Introduction: An Overview of the Experiment Sample Selection Enrollment Rules of Operation Sample Control and Maintenance Benefit Payment Calculation and Administration Survey Instrument Design, Development, and Content Administration of Interview Payments Verification and Overpayment
Overview of the Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment. Volume 1: Design and Results
Part I: HISTORY AND DESIGN Chapters Introduction and History Experimental Treatments and Expected Responses to Them Sample Selection and Distribution Issues in the Measurement of Experimental Effects The Payment System in SIME/DIME The Information System Summary Part II: IMPLEMENTATION Chapters
Overview of the Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment. Appendix: Table of Contents of Final Report
The interested reader is referred to the two-volume Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983) for a complete discussion of the design, administration, and results of SIME/DIME. Below is the Table of Contents for that report.
1. These correspond to 95%, 120%, and 140% of the official poverty line for a family of four ($4,000 in 1971 dollars). The relationship of these levels to the poverty line was preserved throughout the experimental period by adjusting the dollar guarantee levels regularly according to increases in the Consumer Price Index, as in the poverty lin
Overview of the Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment. Counseling/Training
With respect to the counseling/training subsidy results, two major points deserve emphasis. Participation in both the counseling and training-education programs was strongly related to the amount of the subsidy. Both the 50 percent and 100 percent subsidy plans induced statistically significant increases in formal schooling (although not work-
The work responses to be expected from transfer programs of varying generosity are much more precisely know as a result of SIME/DIME than they were before. It is now possible, as a consequence of the SIME/DIME labor supply analysis, to predict with some confidence how much more or less people will work as a result of new policy initiatives and w
How can the SIME/DIME results be used as a guide to the possible effects on family structure of new public policy initiatives? The analyst themselves "caution the reader against uncritically extrapolating from these or any other summary measure of the effects of SIME/DIME on marital dissolution." (11) They stress as reasons for this statement