This report presents the findings from an in-depth, multimethod process evaluation of the Oklahoma Marriage Initiative (OMI), the nation's longest running and most comprehensive set of programs to strengthen marriage and families. The report documents the development and evolution of the initiative and its implementation in the public and private
This report summarizes nine case studies by The Lewin Group that explore how states and communities are responding to statutory rape. Exploratory site visits suggest that addressing and preventing these unequal partnerships is difficult to accomplish by any single program or governmental agency. Instead, a range of service providers and governmen
This report is a compilation of state laws and reporting requirements. It provides an overview of state statutory rape laws and reporting requirements, as well as a summary of laws for each state and the District of Columbia. It is designed to provide useful information to state and federal policymakers who are interested in how state statutes add
The conference summary report synthesizes key aspects of the Prisons to Home project including the state symposium discussions, conference plenary and break-out sessions, and the research papers developed for the conference. The report is not a complete record of the conference presentations, rather, it captures the common themes and salient ten
This is the campanion volume of papers to the Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections chartbook. Family indicators typically include measures such as family structure, employment and poverty status, and benefit receipt. However, these indicators do not fully portray how families function as a unit and as part of society. To lay the
Family indicators typically include measures such as family structure, employment and poverty status, and benefit receipt. However, these indicators do not fully portray how families function as a unit and as part of society. To lay the groundwork for addressing this issue, ASPE contracted with Mathematica Policy Research and Child Trends to produ
This project focuses on the development, analysis, and use of neighborhood health indicators pertaining to children and youth. Using data provided by five data intermediary organizations (located in large cities) that participate in the Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP), Urban Institute conducted a cross-site analysis and provided technic
Exploring Community Responses to Statutory Rape Final Report Prepared for: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) Prepared by: Michael Fishman, Karen Gardiner, and Asaph Glosser The Lewin Group September 30, 2006 This report is available on the Inter
From Prison to Home: The Effect of Incarceration on Children, Families, and Communities Conference Report Prepared for: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) By: The Urban Institute: Ma
Table 1. Distribution of Indicator Values (ZCTA-level) for Areas of Concentrated Poverty
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. The characteristics of communities with concentrated poverty vary across demographic and spatial dimensions.
Research associates several factors with higher concentrations of poverty: economic change from the production of goods to information processing; migration patterns of the non-poor; racial and economic segregation; discriminatory and segregating housing policies; increasing immigration; the rise in births to unwed mothers; and the decline in mult
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty area, one in three adults older than 25 did not graduate from high school or earn a GED.
Compared to the national average, adults in these areas were twice as likely to not graduate from high school and almost three times less likely to have a bachelor’s degree, on average. These areas are home to less than four percent of the Nation’s population over the age of 24. However, over eight percent of the population older than 24 that
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Adult joblessness is pervasive in concentrated poverty communities.
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty area, only 45 percent of the working-age population (age 16 and older) is employed, or looked at differently, the modal adult is jobless (i.e., unemployed or not in the labor force). The national employment-to-population ratio for the same time period (2007-2011) was 59 percent. Among all poor indiv
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Children in metropolitan high poverty communities are more than twice as likely to be raised by a single mother than the average child.
More than half of the households with children (53 percent) in metropolitan concentrated poverty areas are headed by single females. This compares to 26 percent of all U.S. households and 60 percent of households living in poverty. Although these zips codes are home to just over four percent of the Nation’s households with children, more than ei
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. One in nine of all teen births in the United States are to young women who live in metropolitan areas of concentrated poverty.
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty ZCTA, the teen birth rate is 2.25 times higher than the national rate of 27 births per thousand females ages 15 to 19. 6 The teen birth rate in high poverty ZCTAs was 63 for every 1,000 young women ages 15 to 19, and in every region it was at least twice the national level, on average. In one quart
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. In over one-third of households in areas of concentrated poverty, English is not the primary language spoken at home.
One in three individuals in areas of concentrated poverty lives in a household in which English is not spoken at home – and half of those individuals speak English less than “very well”. 5 Concentrated poverty ZCTAs in the West have the highest saturations of both non-English speaking households and those with limited English proficiency.
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. High poverty metropolitan ZCTAs are most likely to be majority black or Hispanic.
Areas of poverty concentration tend to be very racially segregated with over three- quarters of residents in areas with majority minority populations belonging to the racial group that makes up the largest share of the population. Just over 46 percent of concentrated metropolitan poor areas are majority black; 32 percent are majority Hispanic, and
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Racial and ethnic minorities are overrepresented in the concentrated poverty population, and concentrated poor communities in metropolitan areas are often highly segregated.
Less than one-third of the U.S. population is black or Hispanic, yet four out of every five people living in metropolitan concentrated poverty communities are black or Hispanic. Although only 12.2 percent of the U.S. population and 19.6 percent of the poverty population is black, nearly 40 percent of people living in areas of concentrated poverty
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Areas of concentrated poverty look different from less-impoverished areas across several indicators of individual and community well-being that are analyzed in this brief.
Data for this analysis comes from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2007-2011 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates. The Zip Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) is the primary unit of analysis and data were obtained for each of the focal ZCTAs across a number of demographic, social, and economic variables. We examine indicators of racial segregation,