This section presents findings on characteristics of jobs held by respondents who were currently employed or who had been employed in the last year. Although a majority (about six in ten) of respondents had worked in the past year, only ha lf of these had worked full-time (Figure III-4). Many of the currently and recently employed responden
Respondents who were not working for pay but who had worked for pay in the past were asked a series of questions about their reasons for not currently working. Respondents who cited more than one reason were asked to identify the most important reason.
The remainder of the report presents the key findings from the study. Chapter II examines the demographic characteristics of the TANF recipients who responded to the survey, as well as findings on mother-father relationships. Chapter III examines the welfare and employment history and experiences of the survey respondents, including survey finding
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Hospital Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Among TANF Families
To examine health barriers among TANF families, SCDSS and the Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) in the SC Budget and Control Board compiled data on hospital emergency department visits and hospital discharges among TANF families. For families active on TANF in June 2002, data matches were conducted against hospital emergency department recor
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Survey Methods, Completions and Response Rates
The surveys were conducted by telephone from the MAXIMUS Survey Research Center in Reston, Virginia, using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Contact information on the 1,493 families was obtained from the automated systems of the South Carolina Department of Social Services and was loaded onto the CATI system.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Sample Design for the Surveys
The sample of TANF recipients consisted of 1,493 families who were on TANF in South Carolina in June 2002. 1 Only “mandatory” cases that were subject to work requirements and time limits under South Carolina’s TANF Program, Family Independence (FI), were included. South Carolina limits TANF benefits to 24 months in ten years, and five years
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Objectives of the Telephone Survey Interviews
The primary goal of the telephone interviews was to examine the characteristics and employment barriers of welfare families in South Carolina. A major objective of the interviews was to identify personal barriers that are often difficult to observe, including mental and physical health problems, substance dependence, domestic violence, learning di
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Work History and Current Employment Status
As noted above, the lack of a stable employment history may be a major barrier for persons trying to leave welfare and enter the workforce. While about half of the recipients did have a more extensive work history in that they had worked almost all of the time, almost 40% of the TANF recipients in South Carolina said that they had worked for pay o
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Welfare History of the Survey Respondents
Most respondents had been on welfare for less than two years, but one in seven had been on welfare for more than five years.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Chapter III. Welfare History, Employment, and Sources of Household Income
This chapter presents findings on the welfare and employment history of TANF recipients who responded to the telephone survey. Previous research has shown that welfare recipients tend to fall into three major categories in terms of welfare participation. Some recipients stay on welfare for brief periods of time, often due to short-term emergencies
The findings in this chapter showed that the characteristics and potential employment barriers of TANF recipients vary widely. For example, while 38% of the survey respondents had not completed high school or a GED, 24% had completed college courses or technical courses in addition to graduating from high school. Lack of education or jobs may be a
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Reasons Why Relationships Ended
Most of the respondents who were never married to the father of their youngest child cited “relationship reasons” as the reason they did not marry the father.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Current Relationship with the Father
Only 11% of female respondents were currently married to or romantically involved with the father of their youngest child at interview.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Relationships Between Mothers and Fathers
One-quarter of the respondents were either married to or living with the father of their youngest child at the birth of the child.
The number and ages of the children in respondents’ households have important implications for the child care needs of TANF recipients in going to work, or to a job training or education program. Almost one third of the survey respondents had three or more children in the home, and anotherthird had two children; more than three-quarters h
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Presence of Other Adults in the Household
Table II-2 presents findings on the presence of other adults in the households of TANF recipients who responded to the survey. Other adults in the home might provide helpful support for respondents in income, sharing expenses, and/or as an informal child care resource.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Basic Demographic Characteristics
Table II-1 presents a basic demographic profile of the TANF recipients who responded to the survey. Nearly two-thirds of the respondents were under the age of 30, almost all were female, and nearly three-fourths were black. The median age was only 26 years, which may be due to South Carolina’s 24-month time limit on the receipt of TANF assistanc
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Chapter II. Demographic Profile, Household Composition, and Mother -father Relationships
This chapter presents findings on demographic characteristics and household composition for the TANF recipients who responded to the survey. Findings are also presented on the nature of the relationships between mothers and fathers at the time of birth of their youngest child and at the time of survey. Recent research on “fragile families” and
The federal 1996 PRWORA legislation created the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program to replace AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children). This “welfare reform” legislation introduced major new provis ions affecting welfare families. Among these new provisions were time limits on the receipt of welfare, mandatory work req
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Policy Implications and Research Needs
The study results have a number of implications for policy makers in designing and implementing more effective services for TANF recipients with the most important barriers to employment and longterm self-sufficiency. Based on the report’s findings, the key barriers to employment are physical and mental health problems, educational deficits, lea