Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. INDICATOR 4. Rates of Participation in Means-Tested Assistance Programs
1 Unlike the SNAP and SSI programs, TANF is a block grant program for which there is no individual entitlement. One of the main goals of TANF is to move people from cash assistance to self-sufficiency.
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. INDICATOR 1. Degree of Dependence
Note: Means-tested assistance includes TANF, SSI and SNAP benefits. Total >50% includes all persons with more than 50 percent of their total annual family income from these means-tested programs. Income includes cash income and the value of SNAP benefits.
Indicator 1: Degree of Dependence . This indicator focuses most closely on those individuals who meet the Advisory Board’s proposed definition of “dependence.” In addition to examining the rate for individuals with more than 50 percent of their annual family income from AFDC/TANF cash assistance, FSP/SNAP benefits, and/or SSI benefits, this
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Chapter II. Indicators of Dependence
Following the format of the previous annual reports to Congress, Chapter II presents summary data related to indicators of dependence. These indicators differ from other welfare statistics because of their emphasis on welfare dependence, rather than simply welfare receipt.
The primary data sources for this report are the Current Population Survey (CPS), the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), and administrative data for the AFDC/TANF, FSP/SNAP, and SSI programs. Beginning with the 2001 report, there was a shift to using CPS rather than SIPP data for several i
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and Welfare Benefits
On February 13, 2009, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, ARRA (Public Law 111-5) in response to the economic crisis, often referred to the “Great Recession”. The Recovery Act had three immediate goals: create new jobs and save existing ones, spur economic activity and invest in long-term growth, and foster levels of ac
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Measuring Economic Well-Being
To assess the social impacts of any change in dependence, changes in the level of poverty should be considered. This report focuses on the official poverty rate, the most common poverty measure. Additional measures of poverty and need also are included under the Economic Risk Factors found in Chapter III.
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Measuring Welfare Dependence
As suggested by its title, this report focuses on welfare “dependence” as well as welfare “recipiency.” While recipiency can be defined fairly easily, based on the presence of benefits from AFDC/TANF, FSP/SNAP, or SSI, dependence is a more complex concept. Welfare dependence, like poverty, is a continuum, with variations in degree and in d
This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measure of welfare dependence proposed by a bipartisan Advisory Board 3 and how this measure was adopted for use in this report series. It also discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Advisory Board’s recommendation that dependence measures not be assessed in is
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Chapter I. Introduction and Overview
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-432) directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to publish an annual report on welfare dependency. This twelfth indicators report provides data on measures of welfare recipiency, dependence, and predictors of welfare dependence.
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The twelfth Indicators of Welfare Dependence report provides welfare dependence indicators through 2009 for most indicators, reflecting changes that have taken place sin
Information on the Supplemental Poverty Measure - A Summary of 2013 Current Population Survey Data (October 2014). Background
The Census Bureau, in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), developed the SPM after years of research and collaboration. The SPM is based on the 2010 recommendations of an Interagency Technical Working Group, which included representatives from the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S. Department of Commerce, the