Following the format of the previous annual reports to Congress, Chapter II presents summary data related to indicators of dependence. These indicators differ from other welfare statistics because of their emphasis on welfare dependence, rather than simple welfare receipt. As discussed in Chapter I , the Advisory Board on Welfare Indicators s
This 2001 report relies more heavily than past reports on data from the Annual March Demographic Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS). Several of the indicators and predictors of dependence are now based on CPS data rather than data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). This change was necessary because the C
Changes in dependence may or may not be associated with changes in the level of deprivation, depending on the alternative sources of support found by families who might otherwise be dependent on welfare. To assess the social impacts of any change in dependence, changes in the level of poverty or deprivation also must be considered. One way of
As suggested by its title, this report focuses on welfare “dependency” as well as welfare “recipiency.” While recipiency can be defined fairly easily, based on the presence of benefits from AFDC/TANF, SSI or food stamps, dependency is a more complex concept.
This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measures of welfare dependence proposed by the Advisory Board. It also discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Board’s recommendation that dependence measures not be assessed in isolation from measures of deprivation. Analysis of both measures is important be
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 (Pub. L. 103-432) directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to publish an annual report on welfare dependency. This 2001 report, the fourth annual report, gives updated data on the measures of welfare recipiency, dependency, and predictors of welfare dependence developed for previous reports.
Contributors to this report include Gil Crouse, Susan Hauan, Julia Isaacs, and Matt Lyon of the Office of Human Services Policy under the direction of Barbara Broman, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Services Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.
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The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. This 2001 Indicators of Welfare Dependence , the fourth annual report, is the first report to provide welfare dependency indicators for the 1996-1998 period, reflecting
Comparison of Interim Report Indicators and Annual Report Indicators and Risk Factors
Note that the numbers in the first column are the indicators numbers used in the Interim Report .
As noted in Chapter III, the predictors/risk factors included in that chapter do not represent an exhaustive list. Rather, they are a sampling of available data that address in some way a family's circumstances on the deprivation/well-being scale. The range of possible risk factors is extremely wide, and until they are measured and analyzed over t
It is of critical importance to understand the policy and program context that may surround changes in welfare dependence over time. As noted throughout this report, between-state, within-state and across-time variations are already happening as a result of the PRWORA provisions and are anticipated to become more diverse. Changes are expected in e
Although the abundance of program options presents a challenge to any data collection system, it is clear that the collection and reporting of state data on the nature and amount of assistance provided to eligible families under TANF will be much more valuable and descriptive of welfare receipt than national survey data alone 2 . The administrativ
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 declared that its purpose was "to provide the public with generally accepted measures of welfare receipt so that it can track such receipt over time and determine whether progress is being made in reducing the rate at which and, to the extent feasible, the degree to which, families depend on income from welfare p
Teen alcohol and substance abuse are important examples of teen problem behavior and may increase the risk of dependence.
Figure TEEN 7. Percent of Teens Age 12 to 17 who used Cocaine, Marijuana or Alcohol