The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is concerned about the health of adolescents, including unwanted sexual contact at a young age. For example, research finds that:
Work on this project was funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under a contract to The Lewin Group. This report benefited greatly from the oversight and input of Jerry Silverman, the ASPE Project Officer.
There is little solid evidence that programs aimed at preventing out-of-home placements or reunifying families with children in foster care have the intended effects. Results of nonexperimental studies have been misleading and the findings of controlled studies in these areas are mixed. Some studies involved samples that were so small that it woul
A Synthesis of Research on Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs. Correlates of Reunification and Reentry
Several researchers have examined characteristics that are associated with reunification. Some studies have focused on clients in programs aimed at facilitating reunification, although most have examined factors associated with "natural" reunifications (that is, the return home from regular foster care). These studies do not support causal inferen
A Synthesis of Research on Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs. Results of Controlled Studies
We know of only two well-controlled studies of special services designed to reunify children in foster care with their biological families. One was conducted before the passage of Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 and one after that Act. These two experiments are described below and in Table 3. 47