American Indian tribes and Alaska Native villages have embraced the goals, objectives, and programs associated with welfare reform, but the lack of jobs limits the success of tribal programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Welfare-to-Work (WtW). The lack of jobs is one of the biggest problems in Indian Country. Recognizi
This report is one in a series produced under the National Evaluation of the DOL Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program. This study examines the extent to which former welfare recipients, if they were to experience a job loss, are likely to have monetary eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI).
This is the final report produced under the National Evaluation of the DOL Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program. The WtW grants program was a large, federally-funded effort to help the most disadvantaged welfare recipients leave the welfare rolls and become employed. As part of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, Congress provided $3 billion for WtW
Potential Employment Liabilities Among TANF Recipients: a Synthesis of Data From Six State TANF Caseload Studies
ASPE funded a round of competitive state and local research grants to study the characteristics and circumstances of individuals and families receiving TANF cash assistance. In this report, ASPE staff merged survey data from all six studies (Colorado, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, and South Carolina) and conducted a poole
This report presents findings on the characteristics and employment barriers of families receiving TANF benefits in South Carolina's Family Independence (FI) Program. The study included in-depth telephone interviews with 1,120 case heads of families receiving TANF benefits in South Carolina during June 2002, in a research design stratified to incl
This study of Maryland's Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) caseload was undertaken to provide policy makers and program managers with empirical data on the characteristics, circumstances, and prospects of the adults and children who currently receive cash assistance. As caseloads have declined across the country, most research and poli
Based on the summary report, Survey Design for TANF Caseload Project, Summary Report and Recommendations, that reviews existing survey questions and scales focused on potential barriers to employment among TANF recipients, ASPE finalized this survey instrument, the TANF Caseload Survey, for use in the six state studies.
The report analyzes the experiences of welfare "cyclers" (those who received welfare benefits during three or more discrete spells during a four-year observation period) using five MDRC studies of welfare reform initiatives during the mid- to late-1990s. Overall, cyclers constituted a relatively small portion of the welfare caseload (9 percent). C
This report presents research to assist states and counties in studying their current Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) caseloads. This research consists of a summary review of existing survey instruments that focus on welfare populations, especially those with sections covering barriers to employability and self-sufficiency, as well
Despite the TANF program's emphasis on employment, the policies, practices and attitudes of the employers of TANF recipients have received limited attention. This study, conducted by Abt Associates and the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, synthesizes existing research regarding employers, workforce intermediaries, and TANF recipients and
The use of private organizations to perform social service functions has increased dramatically in recent years. This report reviews the literature on the privatization of welfare and related services by states and localities. It is the first product of a study of privatization of welfare services. The final report Privatization in Practice :
The report presents findings from the process and implementation analysis component of the evaluation, and describes the service delivery operations of programs funded with WtW grants in eleven study sites. This report is based on (1) information collected through two rounds of site visits in 1999 and 2001, and (2) management information system da
This report examines the costs of selected Dept. of Labor Welfare-to-Work (WtW) grantees as part of the HHS evaluation of the WtW program. The main objectives of the WtW cost analysis were to understand the cost structure of these programs and factors that influenced their costs. The report estimates total WtW program costs, allocation of costs ac
This report looks at the changing nature of the caseload by examining the characteristics and circumstances of three groups: people who leave welfare and stay off for at least a year (leavers), people who stay on welfare persistently (stayers), and people who cycle on and off the rolls (cyclers). The report uses a unique data set consisting of ove
This project addressed transition events associated with people entering and exiting poverty using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). The study found that poverty entries and exits changed over the past two decades, with an increase in both poverty entries and exits (i.e.,
This report summarizes state policy choices with regard to TANF sanctions for failure to comply with work requirements. In addition, it reviews the existing literature on sanctioning rates, characteristics and circumstances of sanctioned clients, and the impacts of TANF sanctions.
This study examines the extent to which former TANF recipients who leave welfare and find jobs would be potentially eligible for Unemployment Insurance (UI) in case of job loss, considering both monetary and nonmonetary eligibility, as well as potential benefit levels. The study also examines how many former TANF recipients who found jobs and even
This research, while directly supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, (grant number 01ASPE372A to the Urban Institute) and by funding from the Rockefeller/Sage Foundation is a part of the U.S. Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Program (LEHD
The privatization of welfare services has increased significantly and expanded into new services since passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) gave states additional flexibility to design and operate their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs. Despite its increasing popular
This report utilizes survey and administrative data to examine the personal characteristics and situations, potential challenges for employment, compensating strengths and resources, and employment outcomes of TANF recipients in Illinois. Topics examined include physical and mental health, disability, child care, domestic violence, substance abuse