Despite record child support collections by state child support programs, considerable sums of child support go unpaid every year. This report provides a profile of state child support debt, examining who owes it and why it has grown so rapidly, based on analysis of state administrative data. Earnings data from the wage reporting system were used
This report draws on in-depth interviews of young fathers and families at two Partners for Fragile Families sites to assess the effects of services received on the fragile family itself and explore the dynamics of fragile families, particularly around family formation issues, and how poor couples make strategic life course decisions. From April 20
Through site visit interviews, focus groups, analysis of program documents, and preliminary review of participant data, this report documents how the Partners for Fragile Families (PFF) programs began, changed, and evolved. From April 2000 through the end of 2003, nine states conducted PFF demonstrations, which were designed to help fragile famili
In an effort to improve the quality of care provided in long-term care settings, as well as ensure a committed and qualified long-term care workforce, ASPE contracted with The Lewin Group to study the efficacy of various approaches to pre-employment screening and on-the-job monitoring of nurse assistants to prevent resident abuse in nursing homes.
The Supply of Direct Support Professionals Serving Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities and Other Developmental Disabilities: Report to Congress
In 2004, Congress requested that HHS conduct a study on the shortage of direct support professionals (DSPs) supporting persons with intellectual disabilities and other developmental disabilities (ID/DD), including an examination of the root causes associated with high vacancy and turnover rates, and an examination of the impact this shortage may b
This paper synthesizes findings on current and future trends in child care usage patterns among employed mothers of preschoolers (less than 6 years old). It summarizes the types, duration, and expenditures on arrangements using the Current Population Surveys (1958, 1965, 1977 and 1982), the National Survey of Family Growth (1982), and the Survey o
The Supply and Demand of Professional Social Workers Providing Long-Term Care Services: Report to Congress
This report discusses the current and future availability of professional social workers in long-term care settings. Recommendations for addressing any identified future shortage areas, including cooperative strategies involving federal agencies, professional associations, and school of social work are also addressed. [31 PDF pages]
This report provides a technical assessment of the utility of data from the Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration, specifically the form 5500 data, to examine the receipt of employer provided health care when merged with data from the Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer Household Dynamics data program.
Most adults with disabilities are in their working (not their elderly) years. According to the 1990 Survey of Income and Program Participation, among the civilian non-institutionalized population, 20,266,000 adults in their working years (18-64) and 15,413,000 elderly persons (65+) reported a disability. Disability rates were lower for the working
Pathway to the Future: How Workforce Development and Quality Jobs Can Promote Quality Care Conference Package
This document is the information package given to the attendees of the conference “Pathway to the Future: How Workforce Development and Quality Jobs Can Promote Quality Care.” The held in Washington, D.C. on May 23-25, 2004, and was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Labor.
When women who receive welfare benefits are compared with other women, both poor and non-poor, in the NLSY and other national sample surveys, welfare mothers are notably different from non-poor mothers. At the same time, these data show that there is considerable diversity within the welfare population. In particular, compared to short-term recipi
Characteristics of Low-Wage Workers and Their Labor Market Experiences: Evidence from the Mid- to Late 1990s
With the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), policymakers and researchers have recognized the importance of understanding the dynamics of the low-wage labor market and the economic opportunities in it. As large numbers of current and former recipients enter the low-wage labor market, it
TANF Recipients as Potential Long-Term Care Workers: An Assessment of the Prospects in the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maryland and South Carolina
The LTC industry's need for workers and TANF recipients' need for jobs could be mutually beneficial if, indeed, recipients' characteristics, skills, and circumstances match the requirements, accessibility, and availability of LTC jobs. In this paper, the authors provide a brief overview of what is already known about the characteristics of long-te
This brief is based on Mathematica's study of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients as long-term care (LTC) workers. The study examined the suitability of TANF recipients for employment as certified nurse aides and home health aides and the feasibility of training recipients for these paraprofessional jobs. The authors used two
The final report (Volume I) presents the results of an evaluability assessment of child care options for work-welfare programs. The project examined current work-welfare programs in selected states across the country and explored the evaluative issues regarding the role of child care in these programs. Volume II (State Discussion Summaries, Head S
This paper addresses issues which arise at the juncture of welfare and disability policies. Using preliminary data from a recent survey of current and recent AFDC recipients in California, we find that disabilities and chronic health problems affect the mothers or children in 43% of all households in the AFDC system. The presence of one or more ch
Service Utilization and the Individual, Family, and Neighborhood Characteristics of Children with Disabilities in Illinois
This report describes the demographic characteristics and human services utilization of all children and adolescents who are identified as having a disability in Illinois. It also seeks to understand the stability of care that these children receive through childhood and adolescence.
This report examines the implementation of TANF sanctions in three states, looking at the ways that case managers used sanctions to promote compliance with work requirements. They found that case managers often exercised discretion in deciding whether and when to initiate a sanction, especially when a client partially met participation requirement
Successful Transitions out of Low-Wage Work for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Recipients: The Role of Employers, Coworkers, and Location, Final Report
This study examines the effect of employer characteristics, types of coworkers, and residential location in promoting the advancement of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients in the labor market. It is the first to use new, large integrated employer-employee data, the Longitudinal Employer Household Dynamics (LEHD) data — wit
This Issue Brief presents analysis of data on unemployment receipt from the Census Bureau's Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS). This data analysis is supplemented by findings from two studies by Mathematica Policy Research on eligibility for unemployment insurance among former welfare recipients. By focu