American Indian tribes and Alaska Native villages have embraced the goals, objectives, and programs associated with welfare reform, but the lack of jobs limits the success of tribal programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Welfare-to-Work (WtW). The lack of jobs is one of the biggest problems in Indian country. Recognizi
National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Unemployment Insurance as a Potential Safety Net for TANF Leavers: Evidence from Five States
Content Data and Sample Key Findings Conclusions Endnotes
Contents Key Questions and Findings Conclusions Lessons Concerning Program Design and Implementation Endnotes
Contents Characterizing the Low-Wage Labor Market Policy Interventions Affecting Low-Wage Labor Markets Barriers to Entering the Low-Wage Labor Market Opportunities for Advancement and Benefits in the Low-Wage Labor Market Conclusions and Policy Implications
Fixing to Change: A Best Practices Assessment of One-Stop Job Centers Working With Welfare Recipients
Contents of Chapter: Methodology Five One-Stop Models Successfull Models Challenges in Reaching the Welfare Population Occupations and Employers Empirical Evidence of Success
Study Methods Coordination and Client Services Advantages of Coordination for the Client Factors that Promote Coordination Challenges to Coordination Conclusions
Content Findings from Existing Research Options for Future Research
Contents Research Question and Methods Core Results Implications Directions for Future Research
Contents Three general program models for delivering services to the hard-to-employ were implemented in programs in the study sites. WtW grantees focus on the most disadvantaged, as specified in congressionally established provisions, but most programs have faced difficulties enrolling eligible individuals.
The Welfare-to-Work (WtW) grants program is one of several major federally funded initiatives to help welfare recipients and other low-income parents move into employment. In 1997, the Balanced Budget Act authorized the U.S. Department of Labor to award $3 billion in WtW grants to states and local organizations. These grants were intended to suppo
Study to Examine UI Eligibility Among Former TANF Recipients: Evidence from New Jersey, Final Report
Contents Key Findings Conclusions Endnotes
This paper presents an analysis of workers who persistently have low earnings in the labor market over a period of three or more years. Some of these workers manage to escape from this low-earning status over subsequent years, while many do not. Using data from the Longitudinal Employer Household Dynamics (LEHD) program at the U.S. Census Bureau,
Contents Making the Decision to Operate Tribal TANF Developing a Sound TANF Plan Ensuring Smooth Program Implementation and Operations Lessons Learned and Implications
National welfare reform legislation in 1996 created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program, which imposed time limits on cash assistance receipt and broadened and strengthened mandates for clients to work or engage in work-related activities. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) rationalized and consolidated multiple empl
Recent interest among policymakers in helping Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries return to work has increased the desire for knowledge about the employment activities of people with disabilities before they apply for benefits. Learning about the participation of applicants in programs designed to support employment and pr
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), a program operated by the Social Security Administration, insures workers and their families against the inability to work because of a disability. As such, it provides a vital safety net for millions of Americans. However, conflicting statistics and differing perspectives on the program have given r
To answer questions on what services and barriers people with psychiatric disorders face, the authors conducted two targeted literature reviews: (1) employment programs and outcomes for people with psychiatric disorders; and (2) employment programs for people with other disabilities. Also analyzed was data from the Survey of Income and Program
In this issue brief, the authors explore the provisions of the Affordable Care Act that may enable Americans with mental illness to obtain the mental health treatment and support services they need to continue working or get back to work.
The increasing labor supply of single mothers in the US labor market in the 1990s is well documented, but due to data deficiencies it generally has been difficult to track the progress in the labor market of this group.