This report describes the extent to which maltreated children have developmental problems or are subject to factors associated with poor developmental outcomes, what services these children might be eligible to receive, what factors influence service receipt, and what solutions have been devised to address barriers to service provision.
This paper examined the extent to which subsidies from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) served families in urban and rural areas of the country in FY 2004. Overall, the analysis found that the distribution of CCDF caseloads approximately matched the distribution of children (all incomes) residing in those areas. In addition, the study al
Developmental Problems of Maltreated Children and Early Intervention Options for Maltreated Children
This report describes the most common problems that maltreated infants and toddlers experience and highlights the benefits of early interventions for this population. In so doing, child welfare personnel and policymakers who are responsible for assessing, referring, and advocating for maltreated children can make more informed decisions. The repor
For imprisoned mothers, one of the greatest punishments incarceration carries with it is separation from their children. As one mother put it, "I can do time alone OK. But its not knowing what's happening to my son that hurts most". As this quote suggests, when parents are incarcerated, "what's happening" to their children is a great concern. It i
This paper synthesizes findings on current and future trends in child care usage patterns among employed mothers of preschoolers (less than 6 years old). It summarizes the types, duration, and expenditures on arrangements using the Current Population Surveys (1958, 1965, 1977 and 1982), the National Survey of Family Growth (1982), and the Survey o
This report examines the child care preferences of 382 mothers with children under age six who received Aid to Families with Dependent Children during the 14-month period beginning September 1983. The project included interviewing these women twice and using models to predict their satisfaction with child care arrangements.
This study investigates factors associated with changes in the child care arrangements of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients. To conduct the study, the authors interviewed a sample of AFDC recipients in 1984 and 1985, examined welfare case records, and developed models predicting AFDC mothers' transitions into and out of chi
Head Start programs provide comprehensive child development, educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to predominantly low income preschool children and their families. In recognition of the important role parents play in their child's development, Head Start programs are required to provide for the direct participation of paren
This speech, given at the Family Impact Seminar, briefly describes several issues concerning the regulation of child care including: who should regulate child care, whether standards effectively improve quality, how child care has been regulated since the late 1800s, current regulation practices, and how current child care legislation addresses re
This report summarizes the results of a special experiment in the collection (from 347 mothers) of detailed current and retrospective child care information carried out in conjunction with the 1989 (11th round) wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. It addresses a number of child care data quality and evaluation issues, and provides so
This paper presents the Survey of Income and Program Participation data on child care for working guardians on AFDC. These guardians use care by relatives 58% of the time for their youngest children under 6. They are thus using informal care arrangements which are generally free or low cost instead of more formal arrangements, for which one genera
This paper analyzes the growth of day care center capacity in the U.S. over two points in time, 1976 and 1984, and compares it to the change in potential demand for day care caused by the increased number of mothers with young children who were in the labor force. It concludes that day care center supply increased more than the number of young chi
Eligibility for CCDF-Funded Child Care Subsidies under the October 1999 Program Rules: Results from the TRIM3 Microsimulation Model
This paper reports estimates of the numbers of families and children who are eligible for child care subsidies under the Child Care and Developemtn Fund (CCDF). The estimates are produced by the Transfer Income Model (TRIM) developed by the Urban Institute under contract to ASPE. The paper explains the estimation methodology and also presents deta
This Issue Brief presents an estimate of the number of children who meet the eligibility requirements for child care assistance under the Child Care and Development Fund. The estimates are produced by the Transfer Income Model (TRIM) developed by the Urban Institute under contract to ASPE. The Brief also provides estimates of the number of childr
In February 1991, ASPE sponsored a two-day research seminar on infant attachment. This final report has three major sections. The first part is a brief summary of an extensive literature review on infant attachment. The second section summarizes the proceedings of the seminar, which was based on the topics outlined in the literature review. The Re
The final report (Volume I) presents the results of an evaluability assessment of child care options for work-welfare programs. The project examined current work-welfare programs in selected states across the country and explored the evaluative issues regarding the role of child care in these programs. Volume II (State Discussion Summaries, Head S
This table describes the current and recently completed child care research conducted by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
This report provides new information on the number of children receiving subsidies through the Child Care Development Fund (CCDF) in fiscal year 1998 and on the number of children eligible for assistance, by state. The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) prepar
This paper examines the role that states play in providing early childhood education. It reviews evidence on states’ level of support for pre-kindergarten programs, the quality and effectiveness of state-funded pre-kindergarten, and state efforts to build integrated, comprehensive, early childhood systems for children from birth through age five
As part of ASPE's ongoing support for federal collaboration on early childhood research through the Science and Ecology of Early Development (SEED) initiative, ASPE and the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF) contracted with Child Trends to develop profiles of early childhood measures. This project produced a compendium of earl