In 2002, sixteen percent of families with children reported that they changed residence in the past year. Residential mobility varies by poverty status and family structure. Twice as many families with incomes below the poverty line moved, compared with families with incomes at or above the poverty line (29 percent and 14 percent, respectively). I
In 2000, twenty-seven percent of adults listed concern for their safety as either a somewhat or very important obstacle that made it difficult to be involved in their community. This concern was greater among those with less education. Thirty-two percent of those with a high school degree or less reported concern for their safety as an obstacle, c
Adopted Children with Special Health Care Needs: Characteristics, Health, and Health Care by Adoption Type. Results
In 2005, there were an estimated 470,000 adopted children with special health care needs in the United States, 4.6% of all children with special health care needs. Other analyses have found adopted children to be 2.5% of all children if step parent adoptions are included (U.S.
Eighty-nine percent of adults reported in the year 2000 that they have old or new friends who provide them with a sense of community, regardless of their geographic proximity. While the vast majority of white and black non-Hispanics as well as Hispanics reported that they had a community of friends, white non-Hispanics were more likely than Hispan
Eighty percent of adults reported in 2000 that they have people in their neighborhood who give them a sense of community. White non-Hispanics and Hispanics, (82 percent and 77 percent respectively) were more likely than black non-Hispanics (71 percent) to report having people in their neighborhood who gave them a sense of community.
Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections. Adolescent participation in religious activities with their families
Overall, in 2000, half of all adolescents participated in religious activities with their families (e.g., going to a worship service, praying, reading scripture). The frequency varies by the adolescent's race and Hispanic origin. Non-Hispanic black adolescents were considerably more likely to participate in religious activities with their families
Slightly more than one-third of parents (36 percent) attended religious services at least once a week in 2002. This percentage represents a small decline from 1997, when 38 percent of parents attended religious services at least weekly.
In the 1995-96 school year, 47 percent of youth in grades 7-12 perceived their school to be supportive. Foreign-born youth were more likely than native-born youth to feel that their school environment was supportive. Fifty-nine percent of foreign-born teens viewed their school as supportive, compared with 47 percent of native-born teens. Racial an
Overall, 56 percent of youth felt connected to peers in their school in the 1995-96 school year. Approximately 60 percent of students attending middle or mixed (a) schools reported feeling connected to peers in their school, and 54 percent of high school students reported feelings of connection. This difference in reported rates of connection to
Among eligible voters, 60 percent of parents with their own children in the household voted in the last presidential election in 2000. Voting is much more common among parents with higher levels of education than it is among parents with less education. Eighty percent of parents with at least a college degree reported voting in the 2000 election
In 1999, fifty-two percent of students in grades 6-12 participated in community service. Those who spoke English in the home were more likely (54 percent) than those who spoke another language in the home (34 percent) to participate in community service. Participation increased slightly between 1996 and 1999 in general, and was substantially highe
Overall, 37 percent of adults volunteered with family members in 2001. Approximately 39 percent of whites volunteered with family members, while 34 percent of blacks and 29 percent of Hispanics did so. Volunteering is defined here as actually working in some way to help others, and not just belonging to a service organization. Volunteerism can be
In 1999, ninety-two percent of students had parents who were involved in at least one of four types of activities in their children's school: attending general meetings, attending scheduled meetings with a teacher, attending a school event, or acting as a volunteer or serving on a committee. The majority of students had parents who attended meetin
In 2001, thirty-nine percent of children from birth through age 6 were cared for solely by a parent, while 61 percent participated in some sort of nonparental care. Children under 3 years of age were more likely to be in parental care only than children ages 3 to 6 years (48 percent compared to 26 percent). The type of care arrangement chosen also
In 2001, the median total money income for households with a related child under 18 years old was $52,177. Households headed by a married couple with a related child under 18 had a median income of $65,319, while unmarried couple households had a median income of $ 39,886. Households headed by a male with no spouse had a median income of $36,922,
Adopted Children with Special Health Care Needs: Characteristics, Health, and Health Care by Adoption Type. Statistical Analysis
We used the statistical software package SUDAAN, version 9, to obtain variance estimates that take into account the impact of the sampling weights and complex survey design using the Taylor Series approximation method (RTI, 2004). Statistical comparisons by adoption type were assessed using a t-test of the difference of proportions at the 0.05 l
Adopted Children with Special Health Care Needs: Characteristics, Health, and Health Care by Adoption Type. Analysis Variables
Most of the analysis variables are either based on single variables from the questionnaire (Blumberg et al., 2008) or are self-explanatory. Insurance type, family structure, and household income relative to Federal Poverty Level are based on derived variables available on the public-use file and described in the methodology report (Blumberg et a