i The difference between the percentages of adopted children living in neighborhoods in good condition (75 compared with 71 percent, respectively) is marginally significant (p < .10).
i These figures are likely underestimates of the percentages of children who actually have birth siblings, as many parents did not know whether their children have birth siblings. ii Many of these children have siblings living elsewhere or with another parent or older siblings no longer living in the same household. The percentage of adopted c
i The difference between the percentages of internationally adopted children and privately adopted U.S. children that are under age 3 (6 compared with 10 percent, respectively) is marginally significant (p < .10).
i Estimate based on weighted data from the NSAP. This estimate excludes children in informal adoptions (i.e., without legally finalized adoptions) as well as those living with at least one biological parent, most of whom are living in step families. Further information about the population of adopted children represented by the NSAP is available
Table 1. Number and percentage distribution of children ages 0-17 by adoptive status; number and percentage distribution of adopted children1 ages 0-17 by various characteristics: United States, 2007
1 See: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. 2006. The basics of adoption practice. Available online at: www.Childwelfare.gov/pubs/f_basicsbullentin/.
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Availability of Data
Researchers can carry out more complex analyses of the NSAP and the NSCH by obtaining public use versions of the datasets, available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/slaits.htm The linked version of the NSCH and NSAP used for the analyses in this chartbook is not publicly available. Researchers interested in analyzing linked NSCH-NSAP data may apply
Administering the NSAP as an add-on to the NSCH not only allows for a representative sample of adopted children, but it also allows for comparisons of adopted children with children in the general population on the health and well-being measures collected by the NSCH. For our analyses, we merged variables from the NSCH onto NSAP records (i.e., we
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Identifying Adopted Children and the Type of Adoption
Identifying adopted children in the NSCH who were eligible for the NSAP, and identifying the type of adoption, required several steps. All NSCH respondents reported their own relationship to the child. Those who identified themselves as a mother or father to the child were asked whether they were the child’s “biological, adoptive, step, or fos
Data for this Chartbook come from the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents (NSAP) and from the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH). Estimates pertaining to the entire population of U.S. children are based on the NSCH sample, and estimates pertaining to adopted children are based on the NSAP sample.
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Rehabilitative Services and Other Supports Not Specific to Adoption
Mental health care and tutoring were the most common services received by adopted children that were not specifically designed for or targeted to adoptive families. Among adopted children ages 5 and over, 39 percent received mental health care and 36 percent received tutoring. Families of one out of five adopted children received family counseli
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Adoption-specific Supports
The most commonly reported service received was meeting with someone from the adoption agency to discuss post-adoption services (35 percent). Participating in a parent support group, participating in parent trainings, and using web-based resources are services that the parents of about three out of ten children received regardless of adoption ty
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Post-adoption supports
Post-adoption supports include an array of services and other assistance that families may receive after adopting a child. 35 In this section, we discuss several categories of supports. Supports specific to adoption include meeting with agency staff, child and parent adoption support groups, parent training, and web-based resources. Financial supp
In the adoption process, “openness” refers to the extent to which all parties (including the adopted child and birth-family members) are informed about past and present relationships, and are able to initiate and maintain contact with each other. To examine adoption openness, this section first identifies whether or not children are aware that
This section examines adoption expenses and sources of reimbursement for expenses, including filing for the federal adoption tax credit, reimbursement for some or all costs by the adoption agency (for children adopted from foster care only), and employer-provided financial assistance. The federal adoption tax credit was established in 1996 to reim
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Parents’ satisfaction with their agency or attorney
This section examines adoptive parents’ satisfaction with their adoption agency or attorney. See Appendix Table 16 on page 75 for detailed data on each indicator.
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Parents’ motivation to adopt
This section examines adoptive parents’ motivation to adopt. Examining why parents choose to adopt and how those reasons are similar and different across adoption types may inform agencies’ recruitment efforts. See Appendix Table 15 on page 74 for detailed data on each indicator.
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Part 2: The Adoption Process
Part 2 presents findings about the adoption process. Information presented includes parents’ motivation to adopt, parental satisfaction with the agency or attorney that assisted them in the adoption, and adoption expenses. In addition, this section includes information about the openness of adoptions as well as on the post-adoption services and
Adoption USA. A Chartbook Based on the 2007 National Survey of Adoptive Parents. Parents’ prior connections to adoption
This section examines adoptive parents’ prior experience with adoption. See Appendix Table 14 on page 74 for detailed data.