The distribution and characteristics of male perpetrators are among the least studied aspects of child maltreatment. Nonetheless, generalizations regarding this group are common. This research used the case-level data from the National Child Abuse and Neglect System (NCANDS) for 2002 to analyze the characteristics of male perpetrators of maltreatm
Using data from the federal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), this report explores patterns of adoption subsidy receipt, how subsidies are related to adoption outcomes such as the rate of adoptions among eligible children and how quickly eligible children are adopted. Questions of interest include how extensively sub
Children in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Child-Only Cases with Relative Caregivers
Between 1996 and 2001, welfare cases declined nationally by 52 percent, while child-only cases declined by much less. Thus, while the number of child-only cases has fluctuated over time, their proportionate share of the TANF caseload has increased. Children in TANF child-only cases with relative caregivers occupy uncertain territory between the TA
This paper presents a comparative framework of rapid evaluation methods for projects of three levels of complexity: quality improvement methods for simple process improvement projects; rapid cycle evaluations for complicated organizational change programs, and systems-based rapid feedback methods for large-scale systems change or population change
Reliability and Validity of the National Incidence of Child Abuse and Neglect Study Conducted by Westat Associates in 1988: Methodological Review
This report summarizes a methodological review of the 1988 National Incidence of Child Abuse and Neglect Study (NIS-2) and highlights the review's implications. The review includes an analysis by two expert statisticians concerning the validity of NIS-2 and the reliability of its results, alternative explanations of the data posed by several child
Foster homes are a critical resource within the child welfare system, with more than 260,000 children in non-relative foster care at the end of FY2001. Child welfare agencies are continually challenged to provide adequate numbers of foster homes that are stable, can accommodate sibling groups, and are located in proximity to family members. Resear
The focus of this study is on the key events that individual children may experience in the public child welfare service system. This report discusses the importance of this type of research, the issues that can be addressed with the information produced, an initial set of analyses addressing key questions in child welfare and an agenda for future
The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 directed the Secretary of HHS to develop this report to Congress. This report was prepared with the input of the Advisory Panel on Kinship Care which met in October 1998 and January 1999. The report has two parts. Part I reviews the academic and related research literature on kinship care, including what
Assessing the Field of Post-Adoption Services: Family Needs, Program Models and Evaluation Issues. Summary Report
The Summary Report presents a brief description of each study component, with a concluding discussion of the current status of post-adoption services and strategies to move the field forward. The study components include a literature review; case studies of five post-adoption service programs; an assessment of evaluation issues; and secondary anal
Assessing the Field of Post-Adoption Services: Family Needs, Program Models and Evaluation Issues. Analysis of Secondary Data
The analysis of secondary data explored whether administrative data could be used to better understand the use of adoption subsidies for purchase of services and to describe the disruption, dissolution, and displacement of adoptions. Analyses from two states, California and North Carolina, demonstrate what could be done in other states with simila
Assessing the Field of Post-Adoption Services: Family Needs, Program Models and Evaluation Issues. Case Study Report
The Case Study component of the study used interviews with state adoption program managers and post adoption services coordinators/providers as well as focus groups with adoptive parents. Site visits to programs in five states — Georgia, Massachusetts, Oregon, Texas, and Virginia — included well-regarded programs that varied in structure and
This report describes how states are implementing fiscal reforms to contain costs or improve the performance of their child welfare systems. 23 initiatives in 22 states are described. The report also identifies issues that the implementation of fiscal reforms face and describes how well fiscal reforms appear to be working. Many of these reforms
i The difference between the percentages of internationally adopted children and privately adopted U.S. children that are under age 3 (6 compared with 10 percent, respectively) is marginally significant (p < .10).
i This difference is marginally significant (p<.10). ii The difference in percentages for children adopted from foster care and children adopted internationally (38 compared with 29 percent) is marginally significant (p<.10).
i Parents who were related to their child prior to the adoption were not asked about whether they had pre-adoption agreements regarding openness.
i The difference for internationally adopted children is marginally significant (p<.10).
i The difference in percentages of children adopted from foster care and those adopted from other domestic sources is marginally significant for reports that parents were motivated by already having adopted their child’s sibling (p<.10)
i The difference between the percentage for children adopted from foster carepercent) is marginally significant (p<.1). The difference between private domesticmarginally significant (p<.1).
i This difference is concentrated among adolescents. For adopted adolescents ages 12 to 17, 47 percent have parents who reported that they coped “very well,” compared with 55 percent of the general population of adolescents.
i This difference is marginally significant (p<.10). ii The difference in organized activity participation between adopted and all children was concentrated among 6- to 11-year-olds (89 percent compared with 79 percent).