Child support programs use various strategies called “enforcement tools” to collect critical monetary support for custodial families from noncustodial parents. The enforcement of child support is intended to encourage parental responsibility so that children receive financial, emotional, and medical support from both parents, even when they li
The Child Support Program, enacted in 1975 as Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act (P.L. 93-647), is one of the largest income support programs in the country, serving more children than the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and Social Security combined.
While child support agencies have acknowledged the rise in substance use among noncustodial parents, there is little to no research that has looked specifically at this population with substance use issues and the effects of that use on child support outcomes, including payment patterns and arrears accumulation.
For child support programs, the emergence of the gig economy presents a new dimension to the longstanding challenge of establishing and enforcing child support orders for noncustodial parents working outside traditional salaried employment – in jobs that are often temporary, part-time, and contingent. Infographic Infographic Text Versi
Despite broad agreement that the child support program has performed well since the passage of the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA) in 1998, questions remain over whether the current measures will continue to drive better performance on outcomes that reflect the child support program’s core mission. To shed light on this issue
Child Support Cooperation Requirements in Child Care Subsidy Programs and SNAP: Key Policy Considerations
States have the option to require recipients of child care subsidies and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to cooperate with child support agencies seeking to establish paternity and support orders; and to enforce child support obligations as a condition of eligibility. This brief, and one-page summary, examines the current poli
Are parents with a child support order more likely to be eligible for both SNAP and subsidized child care?
This analysis builds on the ASPE publication on child support cooperation requirements to determine the overlap in the populations of custodial and noncustodial parents with and without formal child support orders, that are eligible for both Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and subsidized child care (CCDF). The data used in the i
This project brought together policymakers, practitioners and evaluators in October 2017 to identify key policy research questions in the child support program. The discussions, coupled with a series of informant interviews from 2016, led to the development of the research agenda. It is a framework for the broader child support community to co
How many families might be newly reached by child support cooperation requirements in SNAP and subsidized child care, and what are their characteristics?
States have flexibility to require a person that receives SNAP or subsidized child care to cooperate with the child support program. This infographic introduces the child support cooperation policy variation across the states and then presents characteristic information about the custodial and noncustodial parents that may be subject to cooperat
A father’s incarceration can represent a serious threat to economic stability for his children and family, yet little is known about earnings and child support payments among justice-involved men over the course of incarceration and release. This brief presents findings on pre- and post-incarceration wages and child support participation in the
More About the Dads: Exploring Associations Between Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Welfare Case Outcomes
Contents Definitions Findings Implications
Contents Key Themes and Findings Perspectives on Fatherhood and Family Functioning Perspectives on the PFF Program Experience Perspectives on Child Support Perspectives on Employment Hopes and Aspirations for the Future
Contents Program Design Recruiting and Enrolling Participants PFF Program Services Implementation Challenges Lessons from the PFF Demonstration
Contents Background Summary of Findings Implications for State Child Support Enforcement Agencies Background
Contents Methodology Pass-through and Disregard Results Distributing All FTRO Child Support Collections to Former Welfare Families Effects on Administrative Costs Conclusion
What About the Dads? Child Welfare Agencies' Efforts to Identify, Locate, and Involve Nonresident Fathers
Contents Methodology Description of Nonresident Fathers of Foster Children Findings on Identifying Nonresident Fathers Findings on Locating and Contacting Nonresident Fathers Findings on Father Involvement Issues Preventing Placement with Nonresident Fathers Caseworker Training on Father Involvement
Contents Designing Employment-Focused Programs for NCPs Getting NCPs to Participate Full Range of Services in Comprehensive Programs Conclusion