The survey respondents were asked about other personal barriers to employment, including whether they were caring for a sick or disabled person, whether they had a criminal record, and whether they had problems with English. Fourteen percent of survey respondents reported that they were caring for an elderly, disabled, or sick family member or fri
Female survey respondents were asked a series of questions about whether they had experienced physical abuse or threats in their romantic relationships. 20 Nearly half of female respondents had experienced physical domestic violence in their lifetimes. Combining both severe and moderate physical domestic violence, 47% of the female
Overall, 12% of the respondents showed evidence of a possible learning disability (data not shown). 16 Specifically, about 20% reported that they had problems spelling simple words, 15% had been in special education programs or were given extra help in school, 13% had proble ms with basic math, and 12% had difficulty memorizing numbers.
The survey respondents were asked a series of questions about their use of alcohol or drugs, including questions about any negative consequences from alcohol or drug dependence. Very few respondents reported signs of chemical dependence.
Mental health problems, which affected one-third of the survey respondents 9 , varied by age, ethnicity, and marital status.
Several questions were used to measure physical health problems among the survey respondents. First, the survey respondents were asked to rate their overall health. Second, they were asked about the presence of chronic health conditions. Finally, they were asked a series of questions about physical functioning. 7 The physical functionin
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Participation in Education, Job Training, and Employment Programs
In Chapter II of this report, we showed that 38% of the survey respondents had not completed high school or a GED, and another 38% had completed high school or a GED but had no education beyond high school. In addition to being asked about their regular education, respondents were asked about their participation in job training, work readiness, jo
In Chapter II of this report, we presented data showing that more than 60% of the survey respondents were either currently working or had worked in the past year and had worked at least threequarters of the time since they turned 18. Although most of the respondents had a work history, the important question is whether TANF recipients have job ski
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Chapter IV. Employment Assets and Liabilities
This chapter presents findings on employment assets and liabilities among the 1,120 survey respondents. In terms of assets, the chapter presents findings on the skills that respondents used in their current or previous jobs, such as using computers, supervising other people, and communicating with people in person or by telephone. In addition, inf
The findings in this chapter show that, while many of the TANF recipients were either currently working or had worked in the last year, a significant percentage had very limited and sporadic work histories. Thirty-eight percent had worked less than half the time since turning 18, and another 38% had not worked at all in the past year. Many of the
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Monthly Earnings and Sources of Household Income
Of the respondents who had worked for pay in the month before the survey, more than a third had earnings less than $5,000 per year. Of the respondents who had earnings in the month before the survey, many had very low earnings. For example, more than a third had earnings of less than $400 during the month (Appendix D Table IIIh). The media
This section presents findings on characteristics of jobs held by respondents who were currently employed or who had been employed in the last year. Although a majority (about six in ten) of respondents had worked in the past year, only ha lf of these had worked full-time (Figure III-4). Many of the currently and recently employed responden
Respondents who were not working for pay but who had worked for pay in the past were asked a series of questions about their reasons for not currently working. Respondents who cited more than one reason were asked to identify the most important reason.
The remainder of the report presents the key findings from the study. Chapter II examines the demographic characteristics of the TANF recipients who responded to the survey, as well as findings on mother-father relationships. Chapter III examines the welfare and employment history and experiences of the survey respondents, including survey finding
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Hospital Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Among TANF Families
To examine health barriers among TANF families, SCDSS and the Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) in the SC Budget and Control Board compiled data on hospital emergency department visits and hospital discharges among TANF families. For families active on TANF in June 2002, data matches were conducted against hospital emergency department recor
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Survey Methods, Completions and Response Rates
The surveys were conducted by telephone from the MAXIMUS Survey Research Center in Reston, Virginia, using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Contact information on the 1,493 families was obtained from the automated systems of the South Carolina Department of Social Services and was loaded onto the CATI system.
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Sample Design for the Surveys
The sample of TANF recipients consisted of 1,493 families who were on TANF in South Carolina in June 2002. 1 Only “mandatory” cases that were subject to work requirements and time limits under South Carolina’s TANF Program, Family Independence (FI), were included. South Carolina limits TANF benefits to 24 months in ten years, and five years
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Objectives of the Telephone Survey Interviews
The primary goal of the telephone interviews was to examine the characteristics and employment barriers of welfare families in South Carolina. A major objective of the interviews was to identify personal barriers that are often difficult to observe, including mental and physical health problems, substance dependence, domestic violence, learning di
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Work History and Current Employment Status
As noted above, the lack of a stable employment history may be a major barrier for persons trying to leave welfare and enter the workforce. While about half of the recipients did have a more extensive work history in that they had worked almost all of the time, almost 40% of the TANF recipients in South Carolina said that they had worked for pay o
Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Welfare History of the Survey Respondents
Most respondents had been on welfare for less than two years, but one in seven had been on welfare for more than five years.