The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 provided states with the option to operate guardianship assistance programs (GAP) as part of their child welfare permanency continuum under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act. The first of these programs began operating in 2010, though some states had operated guardians
This ASPE Research Brief describes the number and characteristics of children who in 2011 or 2012 lived with someone other than their parents and who had experienced the incarceration of a parent or guardian. The brief compares children in nonparental care as a result of parental incarceration with those who experienced parental incarceration but
Psychotropic Medication Use among Children who Are Subjects of Child Protective Services Investigations: Does Court Oversight Matter?
This ASPE Research Brief examines the courts’ role in overseeing psychotropic medication prescriptions for children who were subjects of child maltreatment investigations. The analyses examine associations between the courts’ roles in overseeing these medications for children in the child welfare system and the frequency and patterns with whic
Patterns of Foster Care Placement and Family Reunification Following Child Maltreatment Investigations
This research brief identifies characteristics of children and families who reunified with parents or family following the child’s stay in foster care, patterns regarding success or failure of reunification, as well as maltreatment re-reports among children reunified with their families. The analysis is based on data from the second cohort of th
This document introduces child welfare administrators and policy makers to the benefits and challenges faced in using predictive analytics to improve child welfare practice. It suggests questions that administrators and policy makers considering a predictive analytics effort can use to improve the likelihood that the effort will produce useful inf
Predictive Analytics in Child Welfare: An Assessment of Current Efforts, Challenges and Opportunities
Child welfare agencies are interested in leveraging new and emerging techniques to help them harness data and technology to make dramatic improvements to child welfare practice and ultimately produce better outcomes for children and families. This document explores the state of the use of predictive analytics in child welfare by conducting an envi
Organizations can use their resources more efficiently to reduce and end prolonged youth homelessness if they know who they are trying to serve, and the issues that these youth face.This brief aims to summarize factors associated with prolonged episodes of homelessness among youth.
The Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs, conducted between 1994 and 2002, studied four local programs providing services intended to improve family functioning and reduce unnecessary foster care placements. This traditional, experimental-design evaluation examined outcomes of sites that each used the popular HomeBuilders s
TABLE 1: SUMMARY OF NON-EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF FAMILY PRESERVATION PROGRAMS
Ahart, Ariel, Ruth Bruer, Carolun Rutsch, Richard Schmidt, and Susan Zaro (1992). Final Report: Intensive Foster Care Reunification Programs. Paper submitted to the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Macro International, Inc. Arizona Department of Economic Security, Division of Social S
The Complexities of Kinship Care: Key Findings from the 2013 National Survey of Children in Nonparental Care
This is a one page summary of a report published in May 2016. The summary presents key takeaway messages from the report which describes the characteristics and experiences of the approximately 2.3 million U.S. children who live with neither biological nor adoptive parents. Analyses are based on the 2013 National Survey of Children in Nonparenta
This short research summary highlights findings to date from an ASPE study seeking to understand how states currently use treatment foster care to serve youth with serious emotional and behavioral disorders in the least restrictive possible setting.
Children Living Apart from Their Parents: Highlights from the National Survey of Children in Nonparental Care
This paper highlights the characteristics and experiences of the approximately 2.3 million U.S. children who live with neither biological nor adoptive parents, but instead live with relatives or non-relatives in foster care or less formal arrangements outside the foster care system. It presents an overview of descriptive results from the 2013 Nati
There is little solid evidence that programs aimed at preventing out-of-home placements or reunifying families with children in foster care have the intended effects. Results of nonexperimental studies have been misleading and the findings of controlled studies in these areas are mixed. Some studies involved samples that were so small that it woul
A Synthesis of Research on Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs. Correlates of Reunification and Reentry
Several researchers have examined characteristics that are associated with reunification. Some studies have focused on clients in programs aimed at facilitating reunification, although most have examined factors associated with "natural" reunifications (that is, the return home from regular foster care). These studies do not support causal inferen
A Synthesis of Research on Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs. Results of Controlled Studies
We know of only two well-controlled studies of special services designed to reunify children in foster care with their biological families. One was conducted before the passage of Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 and one after that Act. These two experiments are described below and in Table 3. 47