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Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics

Publication Date
Mar 29, 2008

By:
Brian Goesling, Robert G. Wood, Carol Razafindrakoto, Jamila Henderson

Submitted to:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Project Officer:
Jennifer Burnszynski

Submitted by:
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

Project Director:
Robert G. Wood

Contract No.: 233-02-0086

"

Introduction

In the past decade, policymakers and researchers have become increasingly interested in social programs that promote and support healthy marriages.В  A growing body of research evidence suggests that marriage has benefits for families and children, including improved economic well-being and mental health, and that children raised in two-parent families perform better in school and have more positive developmental outcomes than children from single-parent families (Amato and Booth 1997; McLanahan and Sandefur 1994; Waite and Gallagher 2000; Wood et al. 2007).В  Inspired in part by these potential benefits of marriage, a wide range of programs have been developed to encourage and support healthy marriages (Dion 2005).

Reflecting this growing interest in healthy marriage programs, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has recently sponsored efforts to expand the understanding of the effectiveness of these programs and to support their expansion through funding and technical assistance, as part of the Healthy Marriage Initiative (HMI).В  For example, the HMI currently supports three large-scale, multi-state demonstration projects:В  (1) Building Strong Families, an evaluation of programs to help expectant unwed couples fulfill their aspirations for a healthy marriage and a stable family life; (2) Supporting Healthy Marriage, a project to develop and test healthy marriage programs for low-income married parents; and (3) the Community Healthy Marriage Initiative, an evaluation of community-level interventions to support healthy marriages.В  In addition, with funding from the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, DHHS has awarded grants to a diverse range of state and local agencies to increase access to healthy marriage programs and raise awareness of the potential benefits of marriage for families and children.

As interest in healthy marriage programs continues to grow and new programs are developed, a key issue policymakers and program operators will face is deciding which populations to serve.В  Healthy marriage programs aim to serve a broad mix of target populations, including expectant unmarried parents, low-income married parents, high school students, engaged couples, single adults, and other groups.В  The design and content of the programs can vary substantially, depending on which of these populations are served.В  Policymakers will also need to make choices about whether to focus their programs on specific social or demographic groups, such as residents of certain cities or counties, individuals living in rural or urban areas, or members of certain racial/ethnic groups.

The Marriage Measures Guide is designed to assist policymakers and marriage program operators with this decision making process.В  Drawing on data from several sources, the guide provides policymakers and program operators with a broad range of state-level statistical information they can use to better assess the characteristics and needs of their state populations, identify high-priority target populations, and make informed decisions about the design and implementation of their healthy marriage programs.В  The guide can also help policymakers decide which healthy marriage programs are best targeted to their statewide populations and which are more appropriate for local or targeted groups.В  In addition to these uses for the development and implementation of healthy marriage programs, the guide also serves as a general resource for anyone wanting to better understand current marriage patterns in their state.

This chapter provides a general introduction to the guide and the best ways to use it.В  To make the most of the guide, users should read this chapter carefully before turning to the statistical tables.В  The chapter begins by describing the overall content and layout of the guide.В  It then describes in greater detail the content of the statistical tables and explains how to correctly interpret each statistic.В  The chapter ends with a brief discussion of additional resources.В  A more detailed discussion of the various data sources and methods used to construct the statistical tables appears at the end of the guide in the Technical Appendix.

Overview and Layout

The Marriage Measures Guide is a collection of stand-alone five-page reports for each of the 50 U.S. states.  Each report has the same layout and content.  The report begins with a one-page summary sheet that briefly describes the size and racial/ethnic makeup of the states population and highlights key findings from the companion statistical tables.  Following the summary sheet, there are four pages of detailed statistical tables, with information to help local policymakers and program operators better understand the characteristics of their state populations.  The main topics covered in the tables include (1) marriage and childbearing, (2) marriage and divorce, and (3) marriage and low-income children.  We describe these topics in greater detail below.  After reading this introductory chapter, most readers should use the guide by turning directly to the summary sheet and statistical tables for their individual state.  However, important information can also be gained by scanning the tables for several states to develop points of comparison.

The information included in the Marriage Measures Guide can be used to answer the following types of questions policymakers might have as they design and implement their healthy marriage programs:

  • What percentage of children in my state are born to unmarried women?
  • What is the overall racial/ethnic makeup of my states population?
  • How does the percentage of births to unmarried women vary among racial/ethnic groups?
  • What is the overall divorce rate in my state?
  • How does the divorce rate in my state rank in comparison to those of other states?
  • How many low-income children live in my state?
  • What percentage of the low-income children in my state live with married parents?
  • Do most of the low-income children in my state live in rural or urban areas?

For most of these statistics, the guide also provides national and regional benchmark estimates to help identify the distinctive characteristics of each state, information policymakers can use to better understand marriage patterns in their state and to design an approach that best serves the needs of their local populations.

Marriage and Childbearing

The first statistical table for each state presents information related to marriage and childbearing.Figure I.1).

Marriage and Divorce

The second table for each state reports statistics related to marriage and divorce.  Divorce rates vary widely by state and this information could provide useful guidance to state policymakers and program operators designing healthy marriage programs.  States such as Arkansas, Nevada, and Wyoming have high divorce rates.  For this reason, these states may want to focus their marriage programs on reducing divorce among married couples statewide.  By contrast, states such as Massachusetts and Pennsylvania have low divorce rates and thus may want to make their programs for married couples more local or targeted.  Divorce rates also vary by demographic characteristics such as gender, race/ethnicity, education level, and rural or urban residence.  Information on these differences may help policymakers further target their healthy marriage programs to key segments of their state populations.

Figure I.1
Geographic Divisions Defined by the U.S. Census Bureau

Figure I.1: Geographic Divisions Defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. These are the standard Census regions. The list of states in each region is in the appendix.

The divorce statistics reported in the top half of the table are based on administrative records collected by the National Center for Health Statistics.  Data are available for all states except California, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, and Minnesota.  The three main statistics reported in this part of the table are defined as follows:

  • Number of Divorces Granted.  This statistic indicates the total number of divorces granted in the state in 2005, as reported to the National Center for Health Statistics by various state agencies.  The figures include reported annulments and count more than one divorce by the same person as separate events.  The regional and national estimates exclude the six states for which data are not available.
  • Divorce Rate.  The states divorce rate is calculated by dividing the total number of divorces granted in 2005 by the size of the states population.  The resulting statistic indicates the number of divorces granted per 1,000 residents.  The statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce or the number of divorces a person can expect in his or her lifetime, because it is based on data from a single year and does not account for the timing of divorce.  Rather, the statistic provides a rough estimate of the average number of people who became divorced during 2005, adjusting for population size and not accounting for people who filed for more than one divorce.
  • State Rankings.  The state rankings by divorce rate run from highest to lowest among the 44 states for which data are available.  For example, Kentuckys rank of ninth means that it has the ninth-highest divorce rate among the 44 states that report these statistics.

The additional divorce statistics reported in the bottom half of the table are based on survey data from the 2006 American Community Survey (ACS), a large nationally representative survey of U.S. households conducted annually by the U.S. Census Bureau.  Key statistics reported in this part of the table include the following:

  • Number of Divorced People.  This statistic is reported in the first column of the table and indicates the total number of people who reported their current marital status as divorced in 2006.  The sample is limited to adults ages 15 and older.  Because these totals refer to current marital status, they do not count people who have remarried following a divorce.  The numbers would be higher if they included people who have ever been divorced.
  • Percentage of People who Are Divorced.  This statistic expresses the number of people who reported their current marital status as divorced (column 1) as a percentage of the total number of people in the group who have ever been married.  The sample is limited to adults ages 15 and older.  For example, the national average reported in the bottom row of the far right-hand column indicates that about 15 percent of ever-married adults in the United States reported their current marital status as divorced in 2006.  This statistic does not represent the percentage of all marriages that will end in divorce, because it is based on data for a single year and does not account for remarriage.  Rather, the statistic provides a snapshot estimate of the relative size of the divorced population in 2006.  Moreover, as explained in the Technical Appendix, the statistic can also be viewed as a rough proxy for the states overall divorce rate, at least for the purpose of making basic rankings or comparisons of states.
  • Subgroup Estimates.  The rows of the table report separate estimates for key demographic subgroups.  For example, the national estimates for men show that about 13.7 percent of ever-married men in the United States reported their marital status as divorced in 2006.  To calculate the subgroup estimates for rural and urban areas, we merged geographic information from the 2000 U.S. Census with survey data from the 2006 ACS.  For reasons explained in the Technical Appendix, this approach may overstate the size of the urban population in some states.  Moreover, the Census definitions of rural and urban areas are based on statistical criteria that may not correspond with how state or local residents define these areas.  For example, some small towns or lightly populated areas defined as rural by local residents may be classified as urban in Census tabulations, especially areas that are near larger towns or cities.  Therefore, readers should interpret these statistics with caution.  The symbol NA means that the information is not available because there are fewer than 5,000 ever-married adults in that area or group.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

The third and fourth tables for each state report statistics related to marriage and low-income children.  Much of the policy interest in marriage and relationship quality stems from concerns about how parental marital status affects the well-being of children, particularly low-income children.  Therefore, information concerning the distribution of low-income children across various family types would be very helpful for policymakers setting priorities for healthy marriage programs.  For example, if a state has a particularly high concentration of low-income children living with married parents in rural areas, then state policymakers may want to focus their resources on programs for low-income married parents in these areas.  Alternatively, if most low-income children in the state live with unmarried parents in urban areas, then state policymakers may want to focus their healthy marriage programs on this population.

The statistics in these tables are based on survey data from the 2006 ACS, the same data source used to calculate state-level divorce statistics (described earlier).  Some of the key statistics reported in these tables include the following:

  • Distribution of Children Living in Low-Income Families.  The top panel of the third table for each state shows the overall distribution of low-income children by family type.  For example, the national averages in the far right-hand column of the table indicate that 45 percent of the countrys low-income children are living with married parents, 15 percent are living with never-married single parents, and 18 percent are living with single parents who are separated, widowed, or divorced.  The data set does not distinguish between biological parents, adoptive parents, and stepparents.  In our analyses, we defined low-income children as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Most of the children classified as having unknown family types live in complex multifamily or multigenerational households that cannot be accurately distinguished in the 2006 ACS data (see Technical Appendix for details).  Nationally, the unknown category accounts for less than 10 percent of all low-income children.  Additional statistics on the number of low-income children in each state are presented near the end of the guide in Appendix A.
  • Distribution of Low-Income Children Between Rural and Urban Areas.  The subgroup estimates for rural and urban areas (third table) were calculated following the same approach we used to calculate geographic differences in state-level divorce statistics.  As explained earlier, this approach may overstate the size of the urban population in some states.  Moreover, the definitions of rural and urban areas follow statistical standards established by the U.S. Census, which may not correspond with how state or local residents define these areas.  For these reasons, readers should use caution when interpreting the statistics for rural and urban areas.  The symbol NA means that the information is not available because either (1) the area includes a small group of fewer than 5,000 low-income children or (2) the specific family type listed accounts for less than 2 percent of the areas low-income children.  Appendix A near the end of the guide reports additional statistics on the total number of low-income children living in rural and urban areas for nine regions of the country.
  • Distribution of Low-Income Children by Racial/Ethnic Background.  The fourth table for each state reports racial/ethnic differences in the distribution of low-income children across family types.  The estimates for whites and African Americans are limited to non-Hispanics in these groups.  The estimates for Hispanics include children from all races.  The symbol NA means that the information is not available because either (1) there are fewer than 5,000 low-income children in that racial/ethnic group or (2) the specific family type listed accounts for less than 2 percent of the groups low-income children. Appendix A near the end of the guide reports additional statistics on the number of low-income children by racial/ethnic background for nine regions of the country.

Additional Resources

A more detailed discussion of the data sources and methods used to calculate the statistics reported in this guide appears in the Technical Appendix.  In addition, readers interested in obtaining additional statistics or conducting their own analyses of state-level data should consult the following sources:

  • National Center for Health Statistics.  The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) collects and reports a broad range of state-level marriage statistics.  Basic counts of the number of marriages, divorces, and births in each state are published in a monthly series of National Vital Statistics Reports.Endnotes

    National Vital Statistics Reports.  Available at: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/nvsr/nvsr.htm].  Accessed November 21, 2007.

    VitalStats.  Available at: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/VitalStats.htm].  Accessed November 21, 2007.

    American FactFinder.  Available at: [http://factfinder.census.gov].  Accessed November 21, 2007.

    Current Population Survey (CPS).  Available at: [http://www.census.gov/cps/]. Accessed November 21, 2007.

    Statistical Tables

    Alabama

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Alabama’s state population was 4,599,030, which ranked 23rd among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (69 percent) and African Americans (26 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 21,566 births to unmarried women in Alabama, accounting for 36.2 percent of all births in the state.
    • Alabama ranked 20th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 12,692 births to unmarried African American women in Alabama and 7,858 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Alabama had a divorce rate of 4.9 divorces per 1,000 people.  Alabama’s divorce rate ranked seventh highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Alabama, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.3 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.9 percent in rural areas and 17.5 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Alabama had 509,677 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over one-third of these children (37.5 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 103,325 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 46 percent of low-income children in Alabama were African American and 45 percent were white.

    TABLE AL-1.

    ALABAMA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

     

    Alabama

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,458

          2,844

     86.4

     88.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

         16,767

         40,237

     41.7

     45.0

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,341

         16,429

     14.2

     16.1

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          7,858

         37,209

     21.1

     26.7

    24.5

    African American

         12,692

         17,972

     70.6

     74.0

    69.3

    Hispanic

            843

          3,364

     25.1

     42.3

    46.4

    Other

            152

            917

     16.6

     20.7

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          7,831

         13,206

     59.3

     64.3

    60.9

    High school graduate

         12,775

         32,800

     38.9

     40.8

    39.8

    College graduate

            865

         13,099

      6.6

      6.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Jefferson County

          3,790

          9,152

     41.4

    ---

    ---

    Mobile County

          2,456

          5,707

     43.0

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         15,320

         44,651

     34.3

    ---

    ---

    Total

         21,566

         59,510

     36.2

     38.8

    35.8

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE AL-2.

    ALABAMA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Alabama

    East South Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         22,430

         82,393

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.9

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

      7

     

    Source:  National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Alabama

    East South Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        184,707

     15.3

     15.9

     13.7

    Women

        245,269

     17.1

     17.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        306,235

     15.1

     16.0

     15.0

    African American

        109,235

     21.4

     21.1

     21.1

    Hispanic

          4,941

     10.6

     11.6

     12.2

    Other

          9,565

     15.9

     15.1

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         81,968

     16.4

     16.8

     13.4

    High school graduate

        277,471

     17.5

     18.0

     16.8

    College graduate

         70,537

     12.7

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        194,157

     14.9

     15.6

     14.5

    Urban

        235,819

     17.5

     17.5

     15.1

    Total

        429,976

     16.3

     16.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE AL-3.

    ALABAMA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Alabama

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        191,032

     37.5

     38.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         33,282

      6.5

      7.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         92,611

     18.2

     17.4

    14.9

    Formerly married

        106,658

     20.9

     20.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         32,400

      6.4

      6.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         53,694

     10.5

      9.2

    8.3

    Total

        509,677

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

        103,325

     41.4

     43.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,106

      6.4

      7.9

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         32,346

     13.0

     12.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         52,390

     21.0

     20.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

         17,510

      7.0

      6.4

    5.2

    Unknownc

         28,032

     11.2

      9.4

    7.9

    Total

        249,709

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         87,707

     33.7

     34.1

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,176

      6.6

      7.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         60,265

     23.2

     22.2

    15.9

    Formerly married

         54,268

     20.9

     20.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         14,890

      5.7

      5.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

         25,662

      9.9

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

        259,968

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE AL-4.

    ALABAMA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Alabama

    East South Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        120,299

     52.1

     51.4

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         15,951

      6.9

      8.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,027

      3.0

      4.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

         55,109

     23.9

     22.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         13,239

      5.7

      5.8

    4.0

    Unknownc

         19,261

      8.3

      7.4

    6.2

    Total

        230,886

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         49,907

     21.3

     18.5

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,767

      4.6

      6.3

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         82,039

     35.1

     36.8

    37.3

    Formerly married

         45,395

     19.4

     19.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         17,091

      7.3

      6.9

    6.9

    Unknownc

         28,603

     12.2

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

        233,802

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         13,781

     47.7

     54.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,730

     19.8

     13.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,396

      4.8

      9.5

    10.3

    Formerly married

          3,351

     11.6

      9.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            945

      3.3

      5.0

    3.0

    Unknownc

          3,681

     12.7

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

         28,884

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          7,045

     43.7

     41.8

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            834

      5.2

     10.8

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,149

     13.3

     13.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          2,803

     17.4

     16.2

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,125

      7.0

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,149

     13.3

     13.0

    8.7

    Total

         16,105

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Alaska

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Alaska’s state population was 670,053, which ranked 47th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (67 percent) and Alaska Natives (11  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 3,577 births to unmarried women in Alaska, accounting for 34.6 percent of all births in the state.
    • Alaska ranked 28th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 1,149 births to unmarried white women in Alaska and 1,471 births to unmarried American Indians.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Alaska had a divorce rate of 4.3 divorces per 1,000 people.  Alaska’s divorce rate ranked 15th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Alaska, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.1 percent in rural areas and 15.3 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Alaska had 50,843 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (53.6 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 16,955 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 41 percent of low-income children in Alaska were white and 24 percent were Alaska Natives.

    TABLE AK-1.

    ALASKA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

     

    Alaska

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            268

            294

     91.2

     89.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

          2,719

          6,552

     41.5

     43.1

    45.3

    Over 30

            590

          3,492

     16.9

     17.2

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

    White

          1,149

          5,130

     22.4

     22.7

    24.5

    Asian or Pacific Islander

    159

            524

     30.3

     16.6

    14.2

    Hispanic

            306

            877

     34.9

     44.5

    46.4

    American Indian

          1,471

          2,312

     63.6

     60.8

    62.9

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

            935

          1,355

     69.0

     53.7

    60.9

    High school graduate

          2,320

          6,562

     35.4

     36.6

    39.8

    College graduate

            121

          1,727

      7.0

      7.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Anchorage Borough

          1,427

          4,392

     32.5

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          2,150

          5,946

     36.2

    ---

    ---

     

    Total

          3,577

         10,338

     34.6

     33.8

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    c Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing information on mother’s education level.

     

    TABLE AK-2.

    ALASKA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Alaska

    Pacific Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          2,865

         44,920

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.3

      4.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     15

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Alaska

    Pacific Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         23,062

     14.0

     13.3

     13.7

    Women

         31,614

     17.0

     16.5

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

         40,734

     15.6

     17.5

     15.0

    Asian

          2,199

     13.1

     7.9

     6.9

    Hispanic

          2,285

     15.3

     10.7

     12.2

    Alaska Native

         4,760

     16.6

     17.5

     16.9

    Education Level

    Less than high school

          4,461

     13.2

     10.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

         38,674

     17.3

     17.4

     16.8

    College graduate

         11,541

     12.3

     13.2

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         18,619

     16.1

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

         36,057

     15.3

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

         54,676

     15.6

     15.0

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE AK-3.

    ALASKA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Alaska

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         27,257

     53.6

     51.9

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

          6,419

     12.6

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,116

      4.2

     10.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

         10,105

     19.9

     15.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          2,568

      5.1

      3.5

    4.3

    Unknownc

          2,378

      4.7

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

         50,843

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         10,302

     49.3

     54.4

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,205

     15.4

     11.2

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,361

      6.5

      7.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

          3,352

     16.1

     15.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

            863

      4.1

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

          1,796

      8.6

      7.2

    7.9

    Total

         20,879

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         16,955

     56.6

     51.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,214

     10.7

     10.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

            755

      2.5

     11.0

    15.9

    Formerly married

          6,753

     22.5

     15.4

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          1,705

      5.7

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

         29,964

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE AK-4.

    ALASKA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Alaska

    Pacific Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         11,471

     54.4

     49.6

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,376

     11.3

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,014

      4.8

      7.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

          4,859

     23.0

     22.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          1,318

      6.3

      4.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      6.3

    6.2

    Total

         21,084

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Asian

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

    67.8

    73.2

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

    5.0

    3.7

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

    5.0

    3.7

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

    12.3

    10.6

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

    3.1

    2.5

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

    6.8

    6.3

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     55.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

      9.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     12.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      2.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      9.2

    8.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Alaska Native

    Married Parents

    6,372

    52.5

    47.9

    48.3

    Cohabiting Parents

    1,937

    15.9

    18.0

    18.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

    470

    3.9

    4.5

    4.3

    Formerly married

    1,253

    10.3

    9.9

    10.2

    Neither Parent

    905

    7.5

    10.4

    10.0

    Unknownc

    1,208

    9.9

    9.2

    9.2

    Total

    12,145

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Arizona

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Arizona’s state population was 6,166,318, which ranked 16th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (60 percent) and Hispanics (29 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 39,525 births to unmarried women in Arizona, accounting for 42.2 percent of all births in the state.
    • Arizona ranked fifth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 22,387 births to unmarried Hispanic women in Arizona and 9,969 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Arizona had a divorce rate of 4.1 divorces per 1,000 people.  Arizona’s divorce rate ranked 19th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Arizona, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent in rural areas and 16.7 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Arizona had 718,777 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.3 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 357,546 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 57 percent of low-income children in Arizona were Hispanic and 26 percent were white.

     

    TABLE AZ-1.

    ARIZONA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Arizona

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          4,103

          4,435

     92.5

     89.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         28,825

         59,095

     48.8

     38.9

    45.3

    Over 30

          6,597

         30,133

     21.9

     16.4

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

    White

          9,969

         39,632

     25.2

     21.0

    24.5

    African American

          1,726

          2,821

     61.2

     59.7

    69.3

    Hispanic

         22,387

         41,422

     54.0

     49.3

    46.4

    American Indian

          4,232

          5,677

     74.5

     71.4

    62.9

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

         18,282

         27,953

     65.4

     59.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

         19,065

         46,471

     41.0

     33.2

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,544

         17,946

      8.6

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Maricopa County

         24,396

         60,636

     40.2

    ---

    ---

    Pima County

          5,785

         13,055

     44.3

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          9,344

         19,972

     46.8

    ---

    ---

    Total

         39,525

         93,663

     42.2

     33.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information on mother’s education level.

    TABLE AZ-2.

    ARIZONA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Arizona

    Mountain Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         24,535

         95,945

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.1

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     19

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Arizona

    Mountain Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        237,736

     15.3

     15.0

     13.7

    Women

        316,625

     17.8

     17.0

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        409,613

     17.9

     16.7

     15.0

    African American

         21,425

     25.2

     23.3

     21.1

    Hispanic

         97,272

     12.9

     13.2

     12.2

    American Indian

         11,448

     14.6

     16.1

     20.6

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         65,785

     12.3

     13.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

        363,666

     18.7

     17.8

     16.8

    College graduate

        124,910

     14.7

     13.8

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         11,816

     14.6

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

        542,545

     16.7

     16.2

     15.1

    Total

        554,361

     16.6

     16.1

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE AZ-3.

    ARIZONA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

     

    Arizona

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        376,045

     52.3

     54.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         77,279

     10.8

      9.7

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         74,700

     10.4

      9.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

        103,137

     14.3

     16.1

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         25,792

      3.6

      3.4

    4.3

    Unknownc

         61,824

      8.6

      6.9

    8.3

    Total

        718,777

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         18,499

     46.3

     52.1

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,714

      9.3

      8.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,946

     12.4

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

          3,717

      9.3

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          1,863

      4.7

      3.6

    5.2

    Unknownc

          7,250

     18.1

      9.6

    7.9

    Total

         39,989

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        357,546

     52.7

     54.6

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         73,565

     10.8

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         69,754

     10.3

      9.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

         99,420

     14.6

     15.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         23,929

      3.5

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

         54,574

      8.0

      6.6

    8.3

    Total

        678,788

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line. 

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE AZ-4.

    ARIZONA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Arizona

    Mountain Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        100,841

     53.3

     58.7

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,765

      9.4

      8.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         13,412

      7.1

      5.8

    6.5

    Formerly married

         36,476

     19.3

     19.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          6,921

      3.7

      3.4

    4.0

    Unknownc

         13,743

      7.3

      4.7

    6.2

    Total

        189,158

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          8,751

     28.5

     30.6

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,895

      9.4

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

          8,880

     29.0

     31.3

    37.3

    Formerly married

          5,992

     19.5

     19.2

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          1,838

      6.0

      6.3

    6.9

    Unknownc

          2,312

      7.5

      6.4

    10.9

    Total

         30,668

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

        234,503

     56.9

     55.7

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         47,274

     11.5

     10.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         40,396

      9.8

     10.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

         45,924

     11.2

     12.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

         12,545

      3.0

      2.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

         31,175

      7.6

      7.5

    8.9

    Total

        411,817

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    American

    Indian

    Married Parents

    20,920

    34.7

    36.7

    34.1

    Cohabiting Parents

    7,265

    12.0

    14.8

    16.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

    9,752

    16.2

    13.2

    12.5

    Formerly married

    8,188

    13.6

    15.0

    16.5

    Neither Parent

    2,965

    4.9

    5.3

    6.4

    Unknownc

    11,230

    18.6

    15.0

    14.4

    Total

    60,320

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Arkansas

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Arkansas’s state population was 2,810,872, which ranked 32nd among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (76 percent) and African Americans (15  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 14,978 births to unmarried women in Arkansas, accounting for 38.8 percent of all births in the state.
    • Arkansas ranked tenth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 7,607 births to unmarried white women in Arkansas and 5,652 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Arkansas had a divorce rate of 6.0 divorces per 1,000 people.  Arkansas’s divorce rate ranked second highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Arkansas, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.1 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent in rural areas and 17.4 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Arkansas had 343,053 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (41.9 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 74,552 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 57 percent of low-income children in Arkansas were white and 26 percent were African American.

     

    TABLE AR-1.

    ARKANSAS

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Arkansas

    West South Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,602

          1,842

     87.0

     86.0

    90.6

    18 to 29

         11,788

         27,562

     42.8

     44.2

    45.3

    Over 30

          1,588

          9,169

     17.3

     16.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          7,607

         26,797

     28.4

     26.2

    24.5

    African American

          5,652

          7,343

     77.0

     69.9

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,486

          3,508

     42.4

     40.9

    46.4

    Other

            195

            811

     24.0

     21.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          5,033

          8,297

     60.7

     55.1

    60.9

    High school graduate

          9,154

         22,466

     40.7

     40.3

    39.8

    College graduate

            499

          7,085

      7.0

      7.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Pulaski County

          2,544

          5,893

     43.2

    ---

    ---

    Benton County

            792

          2,893

     27.4

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         11,642

         29,787

     39.1

    ---

    ---

    Total

         14,978

         38,573

     38.8

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE AR-2.

    ARKANSAS

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Arkansas

    West South Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         16,728

        112,674

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      6.0

      3.9

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

      2

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Arkansas

    West South Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        120,780

     15.5

     14.1

     13.7

    Women

        148,891

     16.6

     16.4

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        211,869

     15.3

     15.8

     15.0

    African American

         43,691

     23.9

     22.0

     21.1

    Hispanic

          6,200

     10.0

     11.4

     12.2

    Other

          7,911

     16.2

     12.3

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         51,598

     16.4

     12.9

     13.4

    High school graduate

        180,744

     17.2

     17.2

     16.8

    College graduate

         37,329

     12.1

     12.6

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        117,715

     14.6

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

        151,956

     17.4

     15.5

     15.1

    Total

        269,671

     16.1

     15.3

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE AR-3.

    ARKANSAS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

     

    Arkansas

    West South Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        143,773

     41.9

     48.0

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         22,153

      6.5

      6.8

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         45,971

     13.4

     12.0

    14.9

    Formerly married

         76,739

     22.4

     18.7

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         21,692

      6.3

      4.5

    4.3

    Unknownc

         32,725

      9.5

     10.1

    8.3

    Total

        343,053

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         74,552

     45.3

     46.6

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,874

      6.6

      7.4

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         18,599

     11.3

      9.6

    10.3

    Formerly married

         33,650

     20.5

     20.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          9,188

      5.6

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

         17,590

     10.7

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

        164,453

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         69,221

     38.8

     48.2

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,279

      6.3

      6.6

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         27,372

     15.3

     12.4

    15.9

    Formerly married

         43,089

     24.1

     18.3

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         12,504

      7.0

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         15,135

      8.5

     10.2

    8.3

    Total

        178,600

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE AR-4.

    ARKANSAS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Arkansas

    West South Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        102,564

     52.2

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,438

      5.3

      7.1

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         11,301

      5.7

      4.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

         43,111

     21.9

     23.6

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         14,327

      7.3

      5.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

         14,824

      7.5

      7.4

    6.2

    Total

        196,565

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         17,378

     19.3

     21.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,743

      6.4

      5.7

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         27,928

     31.0

     33.1

    37.3

    Formerly married

         21,252

     23.6

     19.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          5,457

      6.1

      6.8

    6.9

    Unknownc

         12,292

     13.7

     12.8

    10.9

    Total

         90,050

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         18,522

     48.3

     56.9

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,333

     11.3

      7.0

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,677

      9.6

      7.1

    10.3

    Formerly married

          7,939

     20.7

     15.3

    14.1

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      3.0

    3.0

    Unknownc

          3,183

      8.3

     10.7

    8.9

    Total

         38,341

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          5,309

     29.3

     50.4

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,639

      9.1

      7.4

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,065

     16.9

     10.8

    12.0

    Formerly married

          4,437

     24.5

     18.9

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,221

      6.7

      4.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,426

     13.4

      8.4

    8.7

    Total

         18,097

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    California

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, California’s state population was 36,457,549, which ranked first among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (43 percent), Hispanics (36 percent), and Asians (12  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 187,582 births to unmarried women in California, accounting for 34.4 percent of all births in the state.
    • California ranked 29th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 122,528 births to unmarried Hispanic women in California, 33,345 births to unmarried white women, and 19,298 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In California, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.2 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.0 percent in rural areas and 14.2 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, California had 3,886,810 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.3 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 2,006,997 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 67 percent of low-income children in California were Hispanic, 15 percent were white, and 8 percent were African American.

    TABLE CA-1.

    CALIFORNIA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    California

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

         15,029

         16,961

     88.6

     89.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

        131,689

        299,530

     44.0

     43.1

    45.3

    Over 30

         40,864

        228,352

     17.9

     17.2

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

    White

         33,345

        162,716

     20.5

     22.7

    24.5

    African American

         19,298

         30,478

     63.3

     62.0

    69.3

    Hispanic

        122,528

        275,201

     44.5

     44.5

    46.4

    Asian or Pacific Islander

         8,911

         66,309

     13.4

     16.6

    14.2

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

         78,297

        148,557

     52.7

     53.7

    60.9

    High school graduate

         93,610

        250,523

     37.4

     36.6

    39.8

    College graduate

          9,542

        130,075

      7.3

      7.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Los Angeles County

         60,328

        151,579

     39.8

    ---

    ---

    Orange County

         12,496

         45,065

     27.7

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

        114,758

        348,199

     33.0

    ---

    ---

    Total

        187,582

        544,843

     34.4

     33.8

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total due to missing information on mother’s education level.

    TABLE CA-2.

    CALIFORNIA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    California

    Pacific Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

         44,920

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      4.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.  Data not available for California or Hawaii.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    California

    Pacific Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

      1,057,840

     12.3

     13.3

     13.7

    Women

      1,574,909

     16.0

     16.5

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

      1,587,790

     17.2

     17.5

     15.0

    African American

        210,840

     24.7

     24.3

     21.1

    Hispanic

        573,000

     10.5

     10.7

     12.2

    Asian

    184,477

    7.3

    7.9

    6.9

    Education Level

    Less than high school

        352,223

      9.5

     10.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

      1,596,825

     16.8

     17.4

     16.8

    College graduate

        683,701

     13.0

     13.2

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         52,828

     16.0

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

      2,579,921

     14.2

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

      2,632,749

     14.2

     15.0

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE CA-3.

    CALIFORNIA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    California

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

      2,031,721

     52.3

     51.9

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

        379,041

      9.8

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        423,421

     10.9

     10.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

        574,028

     14.8

     15.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

        131,588

      3.4

      3.5

    4.3

    Unknownc

        347,011

      8.9

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

      3,886,810

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         24,724

     57.2

     54.4

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,908

      9.0

     11.2

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,226

      9.8

      7.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

          7,209

     16.7

     15.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          1,486

      3.4

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

          1,703

      3.9

      7.2

    7.9

    Total

         43,256

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

      2,006,997

     52.2

     51.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

        375,133

      9.8

     10.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

        419,195

     10.9

     11.0

    15.9

    Formerly married

        566,819

     14.7

     15.4

    17.7

    Neither Parent

        130,102

      3.4

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

        345,308

      9.0

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

      3,843,554

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE CA-4.

    CALIFORNIA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    California

    Pacific Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        284,954

     48.5

     49.6

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         58,403

      9.9

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         47,449

      8.1

      7.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

        127,207

     21.7

     22.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         24,502

      4.2

      4.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

         44,641

      7.6

      6.3

    6.2

    Total

        587,156

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         67,122

     21.0

     23.5

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         21,793

      6.8

      6.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        115,415

     36.1

     34.8

    37.3

    Formerly married

         59,056

     18.5

     18.5

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         27,432

      8.6

      8.1

    6.9

    Unknownc

         28,516

      8.9

      8.1

    10.9

    Total

        319,334

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

      1,459,849

     55.9

     55.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

        273,443

     10.5

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

        234,747

      9.0

      9.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

        327,828

     12.6

     12.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

         69,515

      2.7

      2.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

        245,168

      9.4

      9.2

    8.9

    Total

      2,610,550

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Asian

    Married Parents

    167,857

    69.8

    67.8

    73.2

    Cohabiting Parents

    11,345

    4.7

    5.0

    3.7

    Single Parent

    Never married

    10,659

    4.4

    5.0

    3.7

    Formerly married

    28,652

    11.9

    12.3

    10.6

    Neither Parent

    5,376

    2.2

    3.1

    2.5

    Unknownc

    16,635

    6.9

    6.8

    6.3

    Total

        240,524

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Colorado

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Colorado’s state population was 4,753,377, which ranked 22nd among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (72 percent) and Hispanics (20 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 18,837 births to unmarried women in Colorado, accounting for 27.5 percent of all births in the state.
    • Colorado ranked 47th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 9,052 births to unmarried Hispanic women in Colorado and 7,787 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Colorado had a divorce rate of 4.4 divorces per 1,000 people.  Colorado’s divorce rate ranked 14th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Colorado, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.9 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.8 percent in rural areas and 16.1 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Colorado had 409,587 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (51.4 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 187,512 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 50 percent of low-income children in Colorado were Hispanic and 39 percent were white.

    TABLE CO-1.

    COLORADO

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Colorado

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,151

          2,458

     87.5

     89.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         13,799

         38,973

     35.4

     38.9

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,887

         27,072

     10.7

     16.4

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          7,787

         41,192

     18.9

     21.0

    24.5

    African American

          1,479

          2,799

     52.8

     59.7

    69.3

    Hispanic

          9,052

         21,740

     41.6

     49.3

    46.4

    Other

            513

          2,760

     18.6

     48.2

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          7,701

         15,470

     49.8

     59.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          9,761

         30,964

     31.5

     33.2

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,050

         21,342

      4.9

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    El Paso County

          2,137

          8,118

     26.3

    ---

    ---

    Denver County

          3,980

         11,710

     34.0

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         12,720

         48,675

     26.1

    ---

    ---

    Total

         18,837

         68,503

     27.5

     33.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE CO-2.

    COLORADO

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Colorado

    Mountain Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         20,504

         95,945

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.4

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     14

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Colorado

    Mountain Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        181,104

     14.5

     15.0

     13.7

    Women

        238,768

     17.2

     17.0

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        328,966

     16.3

     16.7

     15.0

    African American

         16,107

     21.8

     23.3

     21.1

    Hispanic

         57,732

     13.5

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

         17,067

     14.9

     15.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         43,413

     14.0

     13.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

        258,220

     18.0

     17.8

     16.8

    College graduate

        118,239

     13.2

     13.8

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         45,349

     14.8

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

        374,523

     16.1

     16.2

     15.1

    Total

        419,872

     15.9

     16.1

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE CO-3.

    COLORADO

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Colorado

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        210,604

     51.4

     54.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         35,248

      8.6

      9.7

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         43,997

     10.7

      9.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         81,741

     20.0

     16.1

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         16,104

      3.9

      3.4

    4.3

    Unknownc

         21,893

      5.3

      6.9

    8.3

    Total

        409,587

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         23,092

     49.9

     52.1

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,914

      8.5

      8.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,965

      6.4

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         11,168

     24.1

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          2,404

      5.2

      3.6

    5.2

    Unknownc

          2,765

      6.0

      9.6

    7.9

    Total

         46,308

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        187,512

     51.6

     54.6

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         31,334

      8.6

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         41,032

     11.3

      9.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

         70,573

     19.4

     15.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         13,700

      3.8

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

         19,128

      5.3

      6.6

    8.3

    Total

        363,279

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE CO-4.

    COLORADO

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Colorado

    Mountain Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         76,649

     48.5

     58.7

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,759

     10.6

      8.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         12,655

      8.0

      5.8

    6.5

    Formerly married

         40,906

     25.9

     19.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          6,027

      3.8

      3.4

    4.0

    Unknownc

          5,114

      3.2

      4.7

    6.2

    Total

        158,110

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          9,086

     33.4

     30.6

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

          9,979

     36.7

     31.3

    37.3

    Formerly married

          4,955

     18.2

     19.2

    18.6

    Neither Parent

            978

      3.6

      6.3

    6.9

    Unknownc

          1,922

      7.1

      6.4

    10.9

    Total

         27,209

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

        112,843

     55.6

     55.7

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,229

      8.5

     10.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         19,965

      9.8

     10.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

         31,063

     15.3

     12.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          8,579

      4.2

      2.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

         13,128

      6.5

      7.5

    8.9

    Total

        202,807

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         12,026

     56.0

     42.2

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            971

      4.5

     11.3

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,398

      6.5

     11.4

    12.0

    Formerly married

          4,817

     22.4

     18.0

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            520

      2.4

      4.3

    4.0

    Unknownc

          1,729

      8.1

     12.8

    8.7

    Total

         21,461

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Connecticut

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Connecticut’s state population was 3,504,809, which ranked 29th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (75 percent), Hispanics (11 percent), and African Americans (9 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 12,891 births to unmarried women in Connecticut, accounting for 30.6 percent of all births in the state.
    • Connecticut ranked 40th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 4,727 births to unmarried Hispanic women in Connecticut, 4,624 births to unmarried white women, and 3,274 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Connecticut had a divorce rate of 3.0 divorces per 1,000 people.  Connecticut’s divorce rate ranked 33rd highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Connecticut, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.8 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Connecticut had 200,007 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly two-fifths of these children (38.2 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 76,364 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 39 percent of low-income children in Connecticut were white, 34 percent were Hispanic, and 20 percent were African American.

    TABLE CT-1.

    CONNECTICUT

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Connecticut

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            923

            956

     96.5

     96.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

          9,242

         18,696

     49.4

     47.9

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,726

         22,443

     12.1

     11.9

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          4,624

         27,132

     17.0

     22.7

    24.5

    African American

          3,274

          4,910

     66.7

     60.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

          4,727

          7,600

     62.2

     61.6

    46.4

    Other

            228

          2,325

      9.8

     16.3

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          3,926

          5,278

     74.4

     74.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

          7,950

         19,497

     40.8

     40.6

    39.8

    College graduate

            869

         16,830

      5.2

      6.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Fairfield County

          2,994

         11,878

     25.2

    ---

    ---

    Hartford County

          3,747

         10,495

     35.7

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          6,150

         19,722

     31.2

    ---

    ---

    Total

         12,891

         42,095

     30.6

     30.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE CT-2.

    CONNECTICUT

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Connecticut

    New England Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         10,623

         40,822

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.0

      2.9

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     33

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Connecticut

    New England Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        107,218

     12.1

     13.1

     13.7

    Women

        157,681

     15.1

     15.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        208,157

     13.4

     14.5

     15.0

    African American

         24,184

     19.8

     18.6

     21.1

    Hispanic

         25,455

     16.2

     17.2

     12.2

    Other

          7,103

      7.8

      9.6

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         33,160

     15.3

     14.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

        161,558

     15.6

     16.7

     16.8

    College graduate

         70,181

     10.5

     11.1

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

    NA

    NA

     16.8

     14.5

    Urban

        264,899

     13.8

     14.1

     15.1

    Total

        264,899

     13.8

     14.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE CT-3.

    CONNECTICUT

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Connecticut

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         76,364

     38.2

     38.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         21,937

     11.0

     11.4

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         48,945

     24.5

     18.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

         31,736

     15.9

     21.8

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          9,086

      4.5

      4.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         11,939

      6.0

      5.4

    8.3

    Total

        200,007

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     47.6

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

     13.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

      6.6

    10.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     24.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      3.6

    7.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         76,364

     38.2

     36.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         21,937

     11.0

     10.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         48,945

     24.5

     21.4

    15.9

    Formerly married

         31,736

     15.9

     21.3

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          9,086

      4.5

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         11,939

      6.0

      5.7

    8.3

    Total

        200,007

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE CT-4.

    CONNECTICUT

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Connecticut

    New England Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         41,623

     52.8

     45.0

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          9,377

     11.9

     12.7

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          5,985

      7.6

      9.5

    6.5

    Formerly married

         14,337

     18.2

     24.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          2,782

      3.5

      3.9

    4.0

    Unknownc

          4,793

      6.1

      4.5

    6.2

    Total

         78,897

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          7,990

     19.6

     23.0

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,694

      9.1

      7.0

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         16,543

     40.6

     36.9

    37.3

    Formerly married

          6,289

     15.4

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          2,827

      6.9

      6.4

    6.9

    Unknownc

          3,430

      8.4

      7.7

    10.9

    Total

         40,773

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         21,112

     30.9

     29.0

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,995

     11.7

     10.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         23,233

     34.0

     30.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

          9,743

     14.3

     20.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          3,249

      4.8

      3.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

          2,949

      4.3

      6.1

    8.9

    Total

         68,281

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          5,639

     46.8

     45.2

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            871

      7.2

     11.1

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,184

     26.4

     20.0

    12.0

    Formerly married

          1,367

     11.3

     13.5

    15.8

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

            767

      6.4

      5.3

    8.7

    Total

         12,056

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Delaware

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Delaware’s state population was 853,476, which ranked 45th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (68 percent) and African Americans (21 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 4,811 births to unmarried women in Delaware, accounting for 42.3 percent of all births in the state.
    • Delaware ranked fourth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 2,030 births to unmarried African American women in Delaware and 1,797 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Delaware had a divorce rate of 3.9 divorces per 1,000 people.  Delaware’s divorce rate ranked 23rd highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Delaware, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.0 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 12.2 percent in rural areas and 17.2 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Delaware had 63,229 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over one-third of these children (35.1 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 14,406 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 39 percent of low-income children in Delaware were white and 38 percent were African American.

     

    TABLE DE-1.

    DELAWARE

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Delaware

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            410

            431

     95.1

     90.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

          3,653

          6,622

     55.2

     48.2

    45.3

    Over 30

            748

          4,316

     17.3

     16.7

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          1,797

          6,442

     27.9

     24.8

    24.5

    African American

          2,030

          2,852

     71.2

     66.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

            885

          1,523

     58.1

     45.1

    46.4

    Other

             55

            478

     11.5

     14.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          1,775

          2,431

     73.0

     66.4

    60.9

    High school graduate

          2,669

          5,561

     48.0

     41.3

    39.8

    College graduate

            262

          3,030

      8.6

      7.3

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    New Castle County

          2,773

          7,112

     39.0

    ---

    ---

    Sussex County

          1,174

          2,251

     52.2

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

            864

          2,006

     43.1

    ---

    ---

    Total

          4,811

         11,369

     42.3

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE DE-2.

    DELAWARE

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Delaware

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          3,251

        189,151

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.9

      4.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     23

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Delaware

    South Atlantic Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         32,142

     15.0

     14.0

     13.7

    Women

         41,403

     16.8

     16.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

         53,965

     15.5

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

         15,159

     21.5

     19.7

     21.1

    Hispanic

          2,446

     12.6

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

          1,975

      9.1

     10.8

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

          9,282

     14.7

     14.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

         50,030

     18.7

     16.8

     16.8

    College graduate

         14,233

     11.0

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         13,325

     12.2

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

         60,220

     17.2

     15.4

     15.1

    Total

         73,545

     16.0

     15.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE DE-3.

    DELAWARE

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Delaware

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         22,171

     35.1

     40.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,121

     11.3

      8.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         13,803

     21.8

     17.6

    14.9

    Formerly married

         11,209

     17.7

     18.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          2,909

      4.6

      5.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

          6,016

      9.5

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

         63,229

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

          7,765

     47.0

     41.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,072

      6.5

      8.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,876

     11.4

     14.3

    10.3

    Formerly married

          3,119

     18.9

     19.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

            954

      5.8

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

          1,736

     10.5

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

         16,522

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         14,406

     30.8

     40.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          6,049

     13.0

      9.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         11,927

     25.5

     18.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

          8,090

     17.3

     18.2

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          1,955

      4.2

      4.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

          4,280

      9.2

      8.9

    8.3

    Total

         46,707

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE DE-4.

    DELAWARE

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Delaware

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         13,255

     54.2

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,470

      6.0

      9.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,255

      5.1

      5.3

    6.5

    Formerly married

          4,944

     20.2

     20.9

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          1,113

      4.6

      4.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,404

      9.8

      7.6

    6.2

    Total

         24,441

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          3,446

     14.2

     20.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,934

     12.1

      6.8

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         10,148

     41.8

     35.0

    37.3

    Formerly married

          4,627

     19.1

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          1,046

      4.3

      7.0

    6.9

    Unknownc

          2,049

      8.4

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

         24,250

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

          4,457

     40.2

     56.5

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,404

     21.7

     11.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,128

     10.2

      8.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          1,064

      9.6

     13.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            635

      5.7

      3.1

    3.0

    Unknownc

          1,407

     12.7

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

         11,095

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     49.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      9.0

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

     14.5

    12.0

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     14.7

    15.8

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      4.6

    4.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      7.5

    8.7

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Florida

    Overview and Key Statistics

     

    State Population

    • In 2006, Florida’s state population was 18,089,888, which ranked fourth among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (61 percent), Hispanics (20 percent), and African Americans (15 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 90,254 births to unmarried women in Florida, accounting for 41.4 percent of all births in the state.
    • Florida ranked seventh among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 31,948 births to unmarried white women in Florida, 31,705 births to unmarried African American women, and 25,224 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Florida had a divorce rate of 4.6 divorces per 1,000 people.  Florida’s divorce rate ranked 11th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Florida, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.4 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Florida had 1,641,143 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (42.6 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 664,077 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 34 percent of low-income children in Florida were white, 31 percent were African American, and 30 percent were Hispanic.

     

    TABLE FL-1.

    FLORIDA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Florida

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          7,229

          7,847

     92.1

     90.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

         66,659

        128,777

     51.8

     48.2

    45.3

    Over 30

         16,366

         81,429

     20.1

     16.7

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         31,948

        105,218

     30.4

     24.8

    24.5

    African American

         31,705

         47,019

     67.4

     66.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

         25,224

         58,528

     43.1

     45.1

    46.4

    Other

          1,139

          6,682

     17.0

     14.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

    NA

    NA

    NA

     66.4

    60.9

    High school graduate

    NA

    NA

    NA

     41.3

    39.8

    College graduate

    NA

    NA

    NA

      7.3

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Miami-Dade County

         13,933

         32,066

     43.5

    ---

    ---

    Broward County

          8,477

         22,911

     37.0

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         67,844

        163,076

     41.6

    ---

    ---

    Total

         90,254

        218,053

     41.4

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    NA = not available; numbers are not reported in this state due to changes in the state birth certificate. See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE FL-2.

    FLORIDA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Florida

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         81,285

        189,151

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.6

      4.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     11

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Florida

    South Atlantic Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        745,041

     15.3

     14.0

     13.7

    Women

        989,158

     17.3

     16.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

      1,171,431

     16.3

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

        216,329

     20.0

     19.7

     21.1

    Hispanic

        300,576

     15.4

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

         45,863

     12.6

     10.8

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

        228,820

     14.6

     14.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

      1,111,666

     17.6

     16.8

     16.8

    College graduate

        393,713

     14.7

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         84,846

     16.8

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

      1,649,353

     16.4

     15.4

     15.1

    Total

      1,734,199

     16.4

     15.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE FL-3.

    FLORIDA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

     

    Florida

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        698,405

     42.6

     40.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

        156,757

      9.6

      8.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        250,414

     15.3

     17.6

    14.9

    Formerly married

        305,658

     18.6

     18.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         72,745

      4.4

      5.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

        157,164

      9.6

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

      1,641,143

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         34,328

     41.3

     41.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          6,186

      7.4

      8.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         11,589

     13.9

     14.3

    10.3

    Formerly married

         13,328

     16.0

     19.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          8,224

      9.9

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

          9,476

     11.4

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

         83,131

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        664,077

     42.6

     40.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

        150,571

      9.7

      9.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

        238,825

     15.3

     18.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

        292,330

     18.8

     18.2

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         64,521

      4.1

      4.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

        147,688

      9.5

      8.9

    8.3

    Total

      1,558,012

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE FL-4.

    FLORIDA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Florida

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        268,596

     47.9

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         63,152

     11.3

      9.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         38,547

      6.9

      5.3

    6.5

    Formerly married

        116,049

     20.7

     20.9

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         23,653

      4.2

      4.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

         50,434

      9.0

      7.6

    6.2

    Total

        560,431

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

        129,009

     25.2

     20.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         34,266

      6.7

      6.8

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        164,103

     32.0

     35.0

    37.3

    Formerly married

         94,133

     18.4

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         30,921

      6.0

      7.0

    6.9

    Unknownc

         60,143

     11.7

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

        512,575

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

        262,000

     53.8

     56.5

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         49,491

     10.2

     11.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         38,780

      8.0

      8.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

         81,213

     16.7

     13.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

         15,284

      3.1

      3.1

    3.0

    Unknownc

         40,331

      8.3

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

        487,099

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         38,800

     47.9

     49.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          9,848

     12.2

      9.0

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          8,984

     11.1

     14.5

    12.0

    Formerly married

         14,263

     17.6

     14.7

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          2,887

      3.6

      4.6

    4.0

    Unknownc

          6,256

      7.7

      7.5

    8.7

    Total

         81,038

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Georgia

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Georgia’s state population was 9,363,941, which ranked ninth among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (59 percent) and African Americans (29 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 54,362 births to unmarried women in Georgia, accounting for 39.2 percent of all births in the state.
    • Georgia ranked ninth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 28,702 births to unmarried African American women in Georgia and 15,495 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In Georgia, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.7 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.2 percent in rural areas and 16.8 percent in urban areas.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 22.5 percent among African Americans and 15.9 percent among whites.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Georgia had 1,025,998 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over one-third of these children (39.6 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 303,413 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 48 percent of low-income children in Georgia were African American and 32 percent were white.

     

    TABLE GA-1.

    GEORGIA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Georgia

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          4,984

          5,734

     86.9

     90.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

         41,401

         85,781

     48.3

     48.2

    45.3

    Over 30

          7,977

         47,334

     16.9

     16.7

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         15,495

         68,603

     22.6

     24.8

    24.5

    African American

         28,702

         43,154

     66.5

     66.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          9,099

         20,112

     45.2

     45.1

    46.4

    Other

            564

          4,781

     11.8

     14.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

         20,980

         33,039

     63.5

     66.4

    60.9

    High school graduate

         29,096

         67,787

     42.9

     41.3

    39.8

    College graduate

          2,603

         33,495

      7.8

      7.3

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Fulton County

          5,889

         13,282

     44.3

    ---

    ---

    DeKalb County

          4,727

         10,588

     44.6

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         43,746

        114,979

     38.0

    ---

    ---

    Total

         54,362

        138,849

     39.2

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE GA-2.

    GEORGIA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Georgia

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

        189,151

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      4.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.  Data not available for Georgia.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    NA = not available; Georgia does not report these divorce statistics.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Georgia

    South Atlantic Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        338,449

     14.9

     14.0

     13.7

    Women

        482,458

     18.2

     16.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        528,633

     15.9

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

        247,493

     22.5

     19.7

     21.1

    Hispanic

         23,190

      7.9

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

         21,591

     11.2

     10.8

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

        133,720

     16.1

     14.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

        520,235

     18.7

     16.8

     16.8

    College graduate

        166,952

     12.8

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        175,026

     16.2

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

        645,881

     16.8

     15.4

     15.1

    Total

        820,907

     16.7

     15.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE GA-3.

    GEORGIA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Georgia

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        406,299

     39.6

     40.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         84,955

      8.3

      8.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        200,168

     19.5

     17.6

    14.9

    Formerly married

        180,473

     17.6

     18.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         55,198

      5.4

      5.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         98,905

      9.6

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

      1,025,998

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

        102,886

     38.2

     41.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         25,534

      9.5

      8.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         48,558

     18.0

     14.3

    10.3

    Formerly married

         47,888

     17.8

     19.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

         16,186

      6.0

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

         28,630

     10.6

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

        269,682

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        303,413

     40.1

     40.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         59,421

      7.9

      9.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

        151,610

     20.0

     18.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

        132,585

     17.5

     18.2

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         39,012

      5.2

      4.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

         70,275

      9.3

      8.9

    8.3

    Total

        756,316

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE GA-4.

    GEORGIA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

     

    Georgia

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        178,658

     54.2

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         31,329

      9.5

      9.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         12,070

      3.7

      5.3

    6.5

    Formerly married

         66,792

     20.3

     20.9

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         15,470

      4.7

      4.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

         25,149

      7.6

      7.6

    6.2

    Total

        329,468

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         99,913

     20.3

     20.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         33,839

      6.9

      6.8

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        174,736

     35.4

     35.0

    37.3

    Formerly married

         92,229

     18.7

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         34,081

      6.9

      7.0

    6.9

    Unknownc

         58,214

     11.8

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

        493,012

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

        102,113

     64.9

     56.5

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,551

     10.5

     11.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          9,179

      5.8

      8.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

         15,335

      9.8

     13.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          3,516

      2.2

      3.1

    3.0

    Unknownc

         10,544

      6.7

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

        157,238

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         25,615

     55.3

     49.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,236

      7.0

      9.0

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,183

      9.0

     14.5

    12.0

    Formerly married

          6,117

     13.2

     14.7

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          2,131

      4.6

      4.6

    4.0

    Unknownc

          4,998

     10.8

      7.5

    8.7

    Total

         46,280

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Hawaii

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Hawaii’s state population was 1,285,498, which ranked 42nd among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were Asians (39 percent), whites (24 percent), Hispanics (8 percent), and Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders (8 percent).  An additional 19 percent of the state’s population identified with multiple racial/ethnic groups.

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 6,098 births to unmarried women in Hawaii, accounting for 33.4 percent of all births in the state.
    • Hawaii ranked 32nd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • For Asians and Pacific Islanders, the percentage of births to unmarried women in Hawaii (34.7 percent) is more than twice the national average (14.2 percent).

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In Hawaii, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.7 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.7 percent among whites, 19.4 percent among Hispanics, and 10.6 percent among Asians and Pacific Islanders.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Hawaii had 96,667 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.5 percent) were living with married parents.
    • In 2006, 18 percent of low-income children in Hawaii were white, 17 percent were Hispanic, and 34 percent were Asians or Pacific Islanders.

     

    TABLE HI-1.

    HAWAII

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Hawaii

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            434

            458

     94.8

     89.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

          4,472

         10,385

     43.1

     43.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          1,192

          7,438

     16.0

     17.2

    16.0

    Mother’s  Race/Ethnicityb

    White

    1,021

    4,319

    23.6

    22.7

    24.5

    Asian or Pacific Islander

    3,724

    10,728

    34.7

    16.6

    14.2

    Hispanic

    1,196

    2,680

    44.6

    44.5

    46.4

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

          1,192

          1,739

     68.5

     53.7

    60.9

    High school graduate

          4,350

         11,802

     36.9

     36.6

    39.8

    College graduate

            455

          4,519

     10.1

      7.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Honolulu County

          3,884

         13,321

     29.2

    ---

    ---

    Hawaii County

          1,101

          2,233

     49.3

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          1,113

          2,727

     40.8

    ---

    ---

    Total

          6,098

         18,281

     33.4

     33.8

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Table only includes estimates for the state’s three largest groups.

    cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information on mother’s education level.

     

    TABLE HI-2.

    HAWAII

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Hawaii

    Pacific Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

         44,920

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      4.2

    3.6

    State rankingb

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.  Data not available for California or Hawaii.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    NA = not available; Hawaii does not report these divorce statistics.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Hawaii

    Pacific Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         40,295

     12.6

     13.3

     13.7

    Women

         54,220

     14.5

     16.5

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

         31,488

     16.7

     17.5

     15.0

    Asian or Pacific Islander

          37,945

     10.6

     8.1

     7.1

    Hispanic

          7,832

     19.4

     10.7

     12.2

    Multiracial or Other Group

         17,250

     16.7

     22.6

     21.0

    Education Level

    Less than high school

          8,051

     10.6

     10.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

         59,222

     14.4

     17.4

     16.8

    College graduate

         27,242

     13.4

     13.2

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

    NA

    NA

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

         94,515

     13.7

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

         94,515

     13.7

     15.0

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

     

    TABLE HI-3.

    HAWAII

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Hawaii

    Pacific Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         50,747

     52.5

     51.9

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,920

      8.2

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         12,930

     13.4

     10.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

          8,622

      8.9

     15.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          4,574

      4.7

      3.5

    4.3

    Unknownc

         11,874

     12.3

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

         96,667

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     54.4

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

     11.2

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

      7.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     15.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      7.2

    7.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         50,747

     52.5

     51.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,920

      8.2

     10.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         12,930

     13.4

     11.0

    15.9

    Formerly married

          8,622

      8.9

     15.4

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          4,574

      4.7

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

         11,874

     12.3

      8.4

    8.3

    Total

         96,667

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

     

    TABLE HI-4.

    HAWAII

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Hawaii

    Pacific Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         11,214

     66.2

     49.6

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

            492

      2.9

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,692

     15.9

      7.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

          1,470

      8.7

     22.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

            431

      2.5

      4.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

            644

      3.8

      6.3

    6.2

    Total

         16,943

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Asian or   Pacific Islander

    Married Parents

    17,821

    53.8

     66.8

    72.2

    Cohabiting Parents

    3,182

    9.6

      5.4

    4.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

    2,665

    8.0

      5.1

     3.9

    Formerly married

    2,700

    8.1

     11.9

    10.6

    Neither Parent

    2,838

    8.6

      3.3

    2.7

    Unknownc

    3,926

    11.8

      7.4

     6.6

    Total

    33,132

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

          9,124

     54.6

     55.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,352

      8.1

     10.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,095

     12.5

      9.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

          1,330

      8.0

     12.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            450

      2.7

      2.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

          2,368

     14.2

      9.2

    8.9

    Total

         16,719

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Multiracial or Other Group

    Married Parents

         12,588

     42.1

     29.2

    22.5

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,894

      9.7

      9.2

    7.4

    Single Parent

    Never married

          5,478

     18.3

      26.2

    33.9

    Formerly married

          3,122

      10.5

     20.6

    18.7

    Neither Parent

          855

      2.9

      6.5

    6.6

    Unknownc

          4,936

     16.5

      8.4

    10.7

    Total

         29,873

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Idaho

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Idaho’s state population was 1,466,465, which ranked 39th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (86 percent) and Hispanics (10  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 5,099 births to unmarried women in Idaho, accounting for 22.6 percent of all births in the state.
    • Idaho ranked 49th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 3,512 births to unmarried white women in Idaho and 1,207 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Idaho had a divorce rate of 5.0 divorces per 1,000 people.  Idaho’s divorce rate ranked sixth highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Idaho, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.7 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 19.0 percent in rural areas and 15.4 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Idaho had 163,771 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly two-thirds of these children (65.0 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 98,068 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 70 percent of low-income children in Idaho were white and 24 percent were Hispanic.

     

    TABLE ID-1.

    IDAHO

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Idaho

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            435

            534

     81.5

     89.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

          3,985

         15,459

     25.8

     38.9

    45.3

    Over 30

            679

          6,539

     10.4

     16.4

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          3,512

         18,296

     19.2

     21.0

    24.5

    African American

             34

             90

     37.8

     59.7

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,207

          3,241

     37.2

     49.3

    46.4

    Other

            247

            620

     39.8

     48.2

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          1,653

          3,517

     47.0

     59.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          2,973

         13,588

     21.9

     33.2

    39.8

    College graduate

            141

          4,275

      3.3

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Ada County

          1,046

          5,213

     20.1

    ---

    ---

    Canyon County

            867

          3,197

     27.1

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          3,186

         14,122

     22.6

    ---

    ---

    Total

          5,099

         22,532

     22.6

     33.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE ID-2.

    IDAHO

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Idaho

    Mountain Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          7,126

         95,945

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      5.0

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

      6

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Idaho

    Mountain Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         61,263

     15.1

     15.0

     13.7

    Women

         71,675

     16.3

     17.0

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        120,502

     16.0

     16.7

     15.0

    African American

    NA

    NA

     23.3

     21.1

    Hispanic

          6,719

     10.4

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

          5,392

     21.9

     15.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         15,804

     15.9

     13.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

         90,972

     16.5

     17.8

     16.8

    College graduate

         26,162

     13.3

     13.8

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         12,027

     19.0

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

        120,911

     15.4

     16.2

     15.1

    Total

        132,938

     15.7

     16.1

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE ID-3.

    IDAHO

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Idaho

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        106,418

     65.0

     54.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,556

      7.1

      9.7

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,747

      4.1

      9.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         30,444

     18.6

     16.1

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          4,075

      2.5

      3.4

    4.3

    Unknownc

          4,531

      2.8

      6.9

    8.3

    Total

        163,771

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

          8,350

     61.0

     52.1

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      8.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

            493

      3.6

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

          4,077

     29.8

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

            369

      2.7

      3.6

    5.2

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      9.6

    7.9

    Total

         13,681

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         98,068

     65.3

     54.6

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,323

      7.5

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,254

      4.2

      9.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

         26,367

     17.6

     15.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          3,706

      2.5

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

          4,372

      2.9

      6.6

    8.3

    Total

        150,090

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

     

    TABLE ID-4.

    IDAHO

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Idaho

    Mountain Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         73,906

     64.4

     58.7

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,217

      6.3

      8.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,741

      3.3

      5.8

    6.5

    Formerly married

         24,545

     21.4

     19.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          2,394

      2.1

      3.4

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,988

      2.6

      4.7

    6.2

    Total

        114,791

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     30.6

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

     31.3

    37.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     19.2

    18.6

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      6.3

    6.9

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      6.4

    10.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         27,557

     70.4

     55.7

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,583

      9.2

     10.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,804

      4.6

     10.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          4,229

     10.8

     12.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            871

      2.2

      2.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          1,082

      2.8

      7.5

    8.9

    Total

         39,126

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          4,581

     49.0

     42.2

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            756

      8.1

     11.3

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,079

     11.5

     11.4

    12.0

    Formerly married

          1,670

     17.8

     18.0

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            810

      8.7

      4.3

    4.0

    Unknownc

            461

      4.9

     12.8

    8.7

    Total

          9,357

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Illinois

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Illinois’s state population was 12,831,970, which ranked fifth among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (65 percent), Hispanics (15  percent), and African Americans (14 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 65,560 births to unmarried women in Illinois, accounting for 36.3 percent of all births in the state.
    • Illinois ranked 19th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 23,821 births to unmarried African American women in Illinois, 21,600 births to unmarried white women, and 19,383 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Illinois had a divorce rate of 2.5 divorces per 1,000 people.  Illinois’s divorce rate ranked 42nd highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Illinois, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.8 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Illinois had 1,152,875 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (43.0 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 447,486 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 33 percent of low-income children in Illinois were white, 33 percent were Hispanic, and 30 percent were African American.

     

    TABLE IL-1.

    ILLINOIS

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Illinois

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          5,968

          6,269

     95.2

     94.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         48,534

        100,771

     48.2

     46.6

    45.3

    Over 30

         11,058

         73,738

     15.0

     14.5

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         21,600

         97,915

     22.1

     27.0

    24.5

    African American

         23,821

         30,732

     77.5

     76.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

         19,383

         42,655

     45.4

     47.0

    46.4

    Other

            730

          9,375

      7.8

     14.4

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

         23,887

         36,970

     64.6

     67.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

         37,228

         85,980

     43.3

     41.4

    39.8

    College graduate

          3,531

         54,910

      6.4

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Cook County

         33,991

         80,014

     42.5

    ---

    ---

    DuPage County

          2,254

         12,619

     17.9

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         29,315

         88,145

     33.3

    ---

    ---

    Total

         65,560

        180,778

     36.3

     36.2

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE IL-2.

    ILLINOIS

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Illinois

    East North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         32,408

        123,466

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      2.5

      3.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     42

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Illinois

    East North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        388,768

     12.4

     14.2

     13.7

    Women

        545,171

     15.0

     16.2

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        670,826

     13.6

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

        154,199

     22.6

     24.2

     21.1

    Hispanic

         81,316

     10.2

     11.8

     12.2

    Other

         27,598

      7.6

     10.5

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

        121,953

     12.4

     15.3

     13.4

    High school graduate

        614,107

     16.0

     17.2

     16.8

    College graduate

        197,879

     10.3

     10.6

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         88,095

     14.0

     14.5

     14.5

    Urban

        845,844

     13.8

     15.5

     15.1

    Total

        933,939

     13.8

     15.3

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE IL-3.

    ILLINOIS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Illinois

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        495,536

     43.0

     42.2

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

        112,373

      9.7

     10.2

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        204,730

     17.8

     17.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

        190,895

     16.6

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         47,484

      4.1

      4.1

    4.3

    Unknownc

        101,857

      8.8

      7.4

    8.3

    Total

      1,152,875

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         48,050

     51.0

     54.0

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         13,909

     14.8

     11.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          9,785

     10.4

      7.8

    10.3

    Formerly married

         13,423

     14.2

     17.1

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          5,250

      5.6

      3.7

    5.2

    Unknownc

          3,862

      4.1

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

         94,279

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        447,486

     42.3

     39.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         98,464

      9.3

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

        194,945

     18.4

     20.1

    15.9

    Formerly married

        177,472

     16.8

     18.6

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         42,234

      4.0

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         97,995

      9.3

      7.9

    8.3

    Total

      1,058,596

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE IL-4.

    ILLINOIS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Illinois

    East North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        186,556

     49.4

     49.9

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         37,450

      9.9

     11.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         29,828

      7.9

      7.9

    6.5

    Formerly married

         88,021

     23.3

     21.2

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         12,176

      3.2

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

         23,523

      6.2

      6.2

    6.2

    Total

        377,554

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         53,816

     15.5

     16.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         22,069

      6.3

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        145,692

     41.9

     44.1

    37.3

    Formerly married

         56,766

     16.3

     16.4

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         25,975

      7.5

      6.7

    6.9

    Unknownc

         43,709

     12.6

      9.8

    10.9

    Total

        348,027

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

        227,697

     60.5

     57.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         50,115

     13.3

     12.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         23,040

      6.1

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         37,754

     10.0

     11.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      2.3

    3.0

    Unknownc

         30,179

      8.0

      7.4

    8.9

    Total

        376,179

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         27,467

     53.7

     43.9

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,739

      5.4

     12.2

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,170

     12.1

     13.9

    12.0

    Formerly married

          8,354

     16.3

     16.1

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,939

      3.8

      5.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          4,446

      8.7

      8.7

    8.7

    Total

         51,115

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Indiana

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Indiana’s state population was 6,313,520, which ranked 15th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (84 percent) and African Americans (8  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 33,828 births to unmarried women in Indiana, accounting for 38.8 percent of all births in the state.
    • Indiana ranked 11th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 22,182 births to unmarried white women in Indiana and 7,464 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In Indiana, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.5 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.4 percent in rural areas and 16.7 percent in urban areas.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 25.0 percent among African Americans and 16.1 percent among whites.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Indiana had 604,993 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (44.2 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 191,340 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 67 percent of low-income children in Indiana were white and 18 percent were African American.

    TABLE IN-1.

    INDIANA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Indiana

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,716

          2,866

     94.8

     94.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         26,776

         56,998

     47.0

     46.6

    45.3

    Over 30

          4,336

         27,278

     15.9

     14.5

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         22,182

         68,352

     32.5

     27.0

    24.5

    African American

          7,464

          9,579

     77.9

     76.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

          3,819

          7,244

     52.7

     47.0

    46.4

    Other

            212

          1,619

     13.1

     14.4

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

         12,211

         18,389

     66.4

     67.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

         19,796

         46,644

     42.4

     41.4

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,321

         20,678

      6.4

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Marion County

          7,658

         14,897

     51.4

    ---

    ---

    Lake County

          3,497

          6,966

     50.2

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         22,673

         65,279

     34.7

    ---

    ---

    Total

         33,828

         87,142

     38.8

     36.2

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE IN-2.

    INDIANA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Indiana

    East North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

        123,466

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      3.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.  Data not available for Indiana.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    NA = not available; Indiana does not report these divorce statistics.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Indiana

    East North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        256,024

     15.4

     14.2

     13.7

    Women

        328,122

     17.4

     16.2

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        506,937

     16.1

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

         51,704

     25.0

     24.2

     21.1

    Hispanic

         14,629

     11.3

     11.8

     12.2

    Other

         10,876

     14.5

     10.5

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         82,513

     16.5

     15.3

     13.4

    High school graduate

        419,372

     18.4

     17.2

     16.8

    College graduate

         82,261

     10.8

     10.6

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        123,951

     15.4

     14.5

     14.5

    Urban

        460,195

     16.7

     15.5

     15.1

    Total

        584,146

     16.5

     15.3

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE IN-3.

    INDIANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Indiana

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        267,298

     44.2

     42.2

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         68,102

     11.3

     10.2

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         86,870

     14.4

     17.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

        117,743

     19.5

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         24,858

      4.1

      4.1

    4.3

    Unknownc

         40,122

      6.6

      7.4

    8.3

    Total

        604,993

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         75,958

     57.4

     54.0

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,532

      8.7

     11.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,614

      5.7

      7.8

    10.3

    Formerly married

         23,875

     18.0

     17.1

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          5,165

      3.9

      3.7

    5.2

    Unknownc

          8,293

      6.3

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

        132,437

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        191,340

     40.5

     39.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         56,570

     12.0

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         79,256

     16.8

     20.1

    15.9

    Formerly married

         93,868

     19.9

     18.6

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         19,693

      4.2

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         31,829

      6.7

      7.9

    8.3

    Total

        472,556

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE IN-4.

    INDIANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Indiana

    East North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        201,707

     49.8

     49.9

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         47,493

     11.7

     11.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         29,584

      7.3

      7.9

    6.5

    Formerly married

         85,559

     21.1

     21.2

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         14,120

      3.5

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

         26,810

      6.6

      6.2

    6.2

    Total

        405,273

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         18,418

     16.5

     16.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,122

      9.1

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         48,532

     43.4

     44.1

    37.3

    Formerly married

         20,870

     18.7

     16.4

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          6,972

      6.2

      6.7

    6.9

    Unknownc

          6,865

      6.1

      9.8

    10.9

    Total

        111,779

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         40,671

     59.9

     57.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,860

     11.6

     12.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,843

     10.1

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

          6,754

      9.9

     11.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          2,237

      3.3

      2.3

    3.0

    Unknownc

          3,552

      5.2

      7.4

    8.9

    Total

         67,917

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          6,502

     32.5

     43.9

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,627

     13.1

     12.2

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,911

      9.5

     13.9

    12.0

    Formerly married

          4,560

     22.8

     16.1

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,529

      7.6

      5.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,895

     14.5

      8.7

    8.7

    Total

         20,024

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Iowa

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Iowa’s state population was 2,982,085, which ranked 30th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (91 percent) and Hispanics (4 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 11,913 births to unmarried women in Iowa, accounting for 31.0 percent of all births in the state.
    • Iowa ranked 38th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 9,219 births to unmarried white women in Iowa and 1,259 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Iowa had a divorce rate of 2.7 divorces per 1,000 people.  Iowa’s divorce rate ranked 41st highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Iowa, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 11.9 percent in rural areas and 14.5 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Iowa had 239,707 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (47.8 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 69,658 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 75 percent of low-income children in Iowa were white and 11 percent were Hispanic.

    TABLE IA-1.

    IOWA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Iowa

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            877

            921

     95.2

     93.3

    90.6

    18 to 29

          9,531

         24,588

     38.8

     41.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          1,505

         12,929

     11.6

     12.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          9,219

         32,859

     28.1

     26.4

    24.5

    African American

          1,064

          1,459

     72.9

     70.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,259

          2,835

     44.4

     46.9

    46.4

    Other

            330

          1,180

     28.0

     42.1

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          3,460

          5,607

     61.7

     65.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          7,799

         21,262

     36.7

     38.5

    39.8

    College graduate

            614

         11,487

      5.3

      5.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Polk County

          1,897

          6,322

     30.0

    ---

    ---

    Linn County

            822

          2,760

     29.8

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          9,194

         29,356

     31.3

    ---

    ---

    Total

         11,913

         38,438

     31.0

     32.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE IA-2.

    IOWA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Iowa

    West North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          8,148

         47,601

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      2.7

      3.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     41

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Iowa

    West North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        105,575

     13.1

     13.4

     13.7

    Women

        128,009

     14.0

     14.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        215,757

     13.4

     14.0

     15.0

    African American

          6,651

     25.4

     22.9

     21.1

    Hispanic

          7,011

     13.6

      9.9

     12.2

    Other

          4,165

     11.4

     14.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         23,553

     12.9

     14.6

     13.4

    High school graduate

        169,152

     15.0

     15.6

     16.8

    College graduate

         40,879

      9.9

     10.5

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         74,479

     11.9

     12.4

     14.5

    Urban

        159,105

     14.5

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

        233,584

     13.6

     14.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE IA-3.

    IOWA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Iowa

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        114,649

     47.8

     48.3

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         26,251

     11.0

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         27,487

     11.5

     13.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         51,662

     21.6

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          8,254

      3.4

      3.7

    4.3

    Unknownc

         11,404

      4.8

      6.3

    8.3

    Total

        239,707

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         44,991

     53.9

     55.5

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,300

     13.5

     10.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,924

      8.3

      6.7

    10.3

    Formerly married

         13,191

     15.8

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          2,804

      3.4

      3.9

    5.2

    Unknownc

          4,209

      5.0

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

         83,419

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         69,658

     44.6

     44.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         14,951

      9.6

      9.7

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         20,563

     13.2

     16.8

    15.9

    Formerly married

         38,471

     24.6

     18.5

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          5,450

      3.5

      3.6

    4.1

    Unknownc

          7,195

      4.6

      6.5

    8.3

    Total

        156,288

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE IA-4.

    IOWA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Iowa

    West North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         89,863

     50.1

     54.3

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         18,034

     10.1

     10.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         17,039

      9.5

      7.4

    6.5

    Formerly married

         41,531

     23.2

     20.1

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          5,114

      2.9

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          7,699

      4.3

      4.6

    6.2

    Total

        179,280

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          4,488

     23.6

     23.1

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,367

     12.5

      5.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

          5,521

     29.1

     40.4

    37.3

    Formerly married

          4,392

     23.1

     16.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          1,201

      6.3

      4.6

    6.9

    Unknownc

          1,034

      5.4

      9.3

    10.9

    Total

         19,003

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         13,417

     50.0

     54.3

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,819

     18.0

     11.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,992

      7.4

     11.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          3,146

     11.7

     10.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,505

      5.6

      3.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          1,954

      7.3

      7.9

    8.9

    Total

         26,833

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          6,881

     47.2

     41.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,031

      7.1

     11.5

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,935

     20.1

     14.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          2,593

     17.8

     17.3

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            434

      3.0

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

            717

      4.9

     10.1

    8.7

    Total

         14,591

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Kansas

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Kansas’s state population was 2,764,075, which ranked 33rd among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (81 percent) and Hispanics (9  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 13,100 births to unmarried women in Kansas, accounting for 33.0 percent of all births in the state.
    • Kansas ranked 33rd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 8,126 births to unmarried white women in Kansas and 2,477 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Kansas had a divorce rate of 3.1 divorces per 1,000 people.  Kansas’s divorce rate ranked 31st highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Kansas, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 12.3 percent in rural areas and 15.2 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Kansas had 260,760 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  About half of these children (50.7 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 100,923 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 60 percent of low-income children in Kansas were white and 23 percent were Hispanic.

    TABLE KS-1.

    KANSAS

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Kansas

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,135

          1,244

     91.2

     93.3

    90.6

    18 to 29

         10,277

         25,541

     40.2

     41.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          1,688

         12,884

     13.1

     12.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          8,126

         29,275

     27.8

     26.4

    24.5

    African American

          1,967

          2,764

     71.2

     70.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          2,477

          5,474

     45.3

     46.9

    46.4

    Other

            397

          1,612

     24.6

     42.1

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          4,438

          7,128

     62.3

     65.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          7,997

         20,639

     38.7

     38.5

    39.8

    College graduate

            598

         11,761

      5.1

      5.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Johnson County

          1,362

          7,655

     17.8

    ---

    ---

    Sedgwick County

          2,874

          7,803

     36.8

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          8,864

         24,211

     36.6

    ---

    ---

    Total

         13,100

         39,669

     33.0

     32.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE KS-2.

    KANSAS

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Kansas

    West North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          8,512

         47,601

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.1

      3.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     31

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Kansas

    West North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        100,332

     13.5

     13.4

     13.7

    Women

        128,977

     15.6

     14.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        193,549

     14.5

     14.0

     15.0

    African American

         15,651

     26.1

     22.9

     21.1

    Hispanic

         10,463

      9.7

      9.9

     12.2

    Other

          9,646

     14.8

     14.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         25,128

     14.5

     14.6

     13.4

    High school graduate

        156,619

     16.5

     15.6

     16.8

    College graduate

         47,562

     10.6

     10.5

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         42,383

     12.3

     12.4

     14.5

    Urban

        186,926

     15.2

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

        229,309

     14.6

     14.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE KS-3.

    KANSAS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Kansas

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        132,167

     50.7

     48.3

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         23,910

      9.2

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         27,854

     10.7

     13.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         49,843

     19.1

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         11,532

      4.4

      3.7

    4.3

    Unknownc

         15,454

      5.9

      6.3

    8.3

    Total

        260,760

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         31,244

     56.2

     55.5

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,762

     10.4

     10.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,639

      4.7

      6.7

    10.3

    Formerly married

         11,841

     21.3

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          2,084

      3.7

      3.9

    5.2

    Unknownc

          2,062

      3.7

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

         55,632

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        100,923

     49.2

     44.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         18,148

      8.8

      9.7

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         25,215

     12.3

     16.8

    15.9

    Formerly married

         38,002

     18.5

     18.5

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          9,448

      4.6

      3.6

    4.1

    Unknownc

         13,392

      6.5

      6.5

    8.3

    Total

        205,128

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE KS-4.

    KANSAS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Kansas

    West North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         83,033

     52.8

     54.3

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,550

     10.5

     10.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         10,060

      6.4

      7.4

    6.5

    Formerly married

         33,967

     21.6

     20.1

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          6,062

      3.9

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          7,593

      4.8

      4.6

    6.2

    Total

        157,265

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          4,611

     16.0

     23.1

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            583

      2.0

      5.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         13,379

     46.3

     40.4

    37.3

    Formerly married

          4,725

     16.4

     16.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          2,291

      7.9

      4.6

    6.9

    Unknownc

          3,310

     11.5

      9.3

    10.9

    Total

         28,899

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         36,622

     61.5

     54.3

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,868

      8.2

     11.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,829

      4.8

     11.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          8,846

     14.9

     10.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          2,476

      4.2

      3.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          3,907

      6.6

      7.9

    8.9

    Total

         59,548

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          7,901

     52.5

     41.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,909

     12.7

     11.5

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,586

     10.5

     14.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          2,305

     15.3

     17.3

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            703

      4.7

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

            644

      4.3

     10.1

    8.7

    Total

         15,048

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Kentucky

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Kentucky’s state population was 4,206,074, which ranked 26th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (89 percent) and African Americans (7 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 19,500 births to unmarried women in Kentucky, accounting for 35.0 percent of all births in the state.
    • Kentucky ranked 26th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 14,688 births to unmarried white women in Kentucky and 3,586 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Kentucky had a divorce rate of 4.6 divorces per 1,000 people.  Kentucky’s divorce rate ranked ninth highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Kentucky, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 17.1 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.7 percent in rural areas and 18.5 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Kentucky had 421,017 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (43.1 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 110,281 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 76 percent of low-income children in Kentucky were white and 15 percent were African American.

     

    TABLE KY-1.

    KENTUCKY

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Kentucky

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,726

          2,034

     84.9

     88.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

         15,351

         37,363

     41.1

     45.0

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,423

         16,323

     14.8

     16.1

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         14,688

         47,894

     30.7

     26.7

    24.5

    African American

          3,586

          4,740

     75.7

     74.0

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,074

          2,195

     48.9

     42.3

    46.4

    Other

            133

            854

     15.6

     20.7

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          6,959

         11,684

     59.6

     64.3

    60.9

    High school graduate

         11,496

         31,080

     37.0

     40.8

    39.8

    College graduate

            472

         10,512

      4.5

      6.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Jefferson County

          4,283

          9,833

     43.6

    ---

    ---

    Fayette County

          1,367

          3,899

     35.1

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         13,850

         41,988

     33.0

    ---

    ---

    Total

         19,500

         55,720

     35.0

     38.8

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE KY-2.

    KENTUCKY

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Kentucky

    East South Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         19,342

         82,393

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.6

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

      9

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Kentucky

    East South Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        186,552

     16.3

     15.9

     13.7

    Women

        235,423

     17.8

     17.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        379,862

     16.8

     16.0

     15.0

    African American

         30,622

     25.1

     21.1

     21.1

    Hispanic

          5,394

     15.0

     11.6

     12.2

    Other

          6,097

     14.3

     15.1

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         87,578

     17.8

     16.8

     13.4

    High school graduate

        274,843

     18.4

     18.0

     16.8

    College graduate

         59,554

     12.3

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        197,366

     15.7

     15.6

     14.5

    Urban

        224,609

     18.5

     17.5

     15.1

    Total

        421,975

     17.1

     16.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE KY-3.

    KENTUCKY

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Kentucky

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        181,403

     43.1

     38.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         39,630

      9.4

      7.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         54,072

     12.8

     17.4

    14.9

    Formerly married

         93,674

     22.2

     20.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         24,308

      5.8

      6.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         27,930

      6.6

      9.2

    8.3

    Total

        421,017

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

        110,281

     50.6

     43.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         18,273

      8.4

      7.9

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         15,318

      7.0

     12.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         46,432

     21.3

     20.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

         12,651

      5.8

      6.4

    5.2

    Unknownc

         14,917

      6.8

      9.4

    7.9

    Total

        217,872

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         71,122

     35.0

     34.1

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         21,357

     10.5

      7.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         38,754

     19.1

     22.2

    15.9

    Formerly married

         47,242

     23.3

     20.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         11,657

      5.7

      5.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

         13,013

      6.4

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

        203,145

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE KY-4.

    KENTUCKY

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Kentucky

    East South Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        156,967

     49.0

     51.4

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         28,957

      9.0

      8.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         19,291

      6.0

      4.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

         74,831

     23.3

     22.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         18,120

      5.7

      5.8

    4.0

    Unknownc

         22,426

      7.0

      7.4

    6.2

    Total

        320,592

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          9,557

     15.6

     18.5

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,684

      6.0

      6.3

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         29,393

     47.8

     36.8

    37.3

    Formerly married

         12,817

     20.9

     19.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          3,326

      5.4

      6.9

    6.9

    Unknownc

          2,664

      4.3

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

         61,441

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

          9,646

     50.9

     54.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,251

     17.2

     13.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,238

     11.8

      9.5

    10.3

    Formerly married

          2,054

     10.8

      9.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,524

      8.0

      5.0

    3.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

         18,937

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          5,233

     26.1

     41.8

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,738

     18.6

     10.8

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,150

     15.7

     13.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          3,972

     19.8

     16.2

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,338

      6.7

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,616

     13.0

     13.0

    8.7

    Total

         20,047

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Louisiana

    Overview and Key Statistics

     

    State Population

    • In 2006, Louisiana’s state population was 4,287,768, which ranked 25th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (63 percent) and African Americans (31  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 32,117 births to unmarried women in Louisiana, accounting for 49.1 percent of all births in the state.
    • Louisiana ranked first among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 20,419 births to unmarried African American women in Louisiana and 10,446 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In Louisiana, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.1 percent in rural areas and 16.0 percent in urban areas.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 20.4 percent among African Americans and 14.3 percent among whites.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Louisiana had 527,949 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over one-third of these children (35.1 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 177,008 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 57 percent of low-income children in Louisiana were African American and 36 percent were white.

    TABLE LA-1.

    LOUISIANA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Louisiana

    West South Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          3,021

          3,177

     95.1

     86.0

    90.6

    18 to 29

         25,575

         45,416

     56.3

     44.2

    45.3

    Over 30

          3,521

         16,776

     21.0

     16.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         10,446

         35,198

     29.7

     26.2

    24.5

    African American

         20,419

         26,625

     76.7

     69.9

    69.3

    Hispanic

            794

          1,952

     40.7

     40.9

    46.4

    Other

            397

          1,476

     26.9

     21.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

         11,275

         14,624

     77.1

     55.1

    60.9

    High school graduate

         19,249

         37,239

     51.7

     40.3

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,543

         13,417

     11.5

      7.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Orleans Parish

          4,653

          6,860

     67.8

    ---

    ---

    Jefferson Parish

          2,937

          6,285

     46.7

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         24,527

         52,224

     47.0

    ---

    ---

    Total

         32,117

         65,369

     49.1

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE LA-2.

    LOUISIANA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Louisiana

    West South Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

        112,674

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      3.9

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.  Data not available for Louisiana.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    NA = not available; Louisiana does not report these divorce statistics.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Louisiana

    West South Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        152,327

     14.6

     14.1

     13.7

    Women

        203,279

     16.4

     16.4

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        232,179

     14.3

     15.8

     15.0

    African American

        108,498

     20.4

     22.0

     21.1

    Hispanic

          7,273

     12.1

     11.4

     12.2

    Other

          7,656

     12.6

     12.3

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         68,967

     15.7

     12.9

     13.4

    High school graduate

        226,550

     16.4

     17.2

     16.8

    College graduate

         60,089

     13.1

     12.6

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         61,091

     14.1

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

        294,515

     16.0

     15.5

     15.1

    Total

        355,606

     15.6

     15.3

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE LA-3.

    LOUISIANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Louisiana

    West South Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        185,059

     35.1

     48.0

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         32,372

      6.1

      6.8

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        117,383

     22.2

     12.0

    14.9

    Formerly married

        101,547

     19.2

     18.7

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         28,583

      5.4

      4.5

    4.3

    Unknownc

         63,005

     11.9

     10.1

    8.3

    Total

        527,949

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         46,209

     40.6

     46.6

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,572

      4.9

      7.4

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         21,406

     18.8

      9.6

    10.3

    Formerly married

         20,516

     18.0

     20.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          8,625

      7.6

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

         11,489

     10.1

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

        113,817

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        138,850

     33.5

     48.2

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         26,800

      6.5

      6.6

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         95,977

     23.2

     12.4

    15.9

    Formerly married

         81,031

     19.6

     18.3

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         19,958

      4.8

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         51,516

     12.4

     10.2

    8.3

    Total

        414,132

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE LA-4.

    LOUISIANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Louisiana

    West South Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        100,246

     53.3

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         13,230

      7.0

      7.1

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         10,936

      5.8

      4.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

         41,093

     21.8

     23.6

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          8,484

      4.5

      5.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

         14,199

      7.5

      7.4

    6.2

    Total

        188,188

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         61,930

     20.5

     21.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,281

      5.7

      5.7

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        100,619

     33.4

     33.1

    37.3

    Formerly married

         56,095

     18.6

     19.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         19,006

      6.3

      6.8

    6.9

    Unknownc

         46,436

     15.4

     12.8

    10.9

    Total

        301,367

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         10,263

     72.3

     56.9

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      7.0

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,052

     14.5

      7.1

    10.3

    Formerly married

            970

      6.8

     15.3

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            289

      2.0

      3.0

    3.0

    Unknownc

            405

      2.9

     10.7

    8.9

    Total

         14,186

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         12,620

     52.1

     50.4

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,654

      6.8

      7.4

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,776

     15.6

     10.8

    12.0

    Formerly married

          3,389

     14.0

     18.9

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            804

      3.3

      4.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          1,965

      8.1

      8.4

    8.7

    Total

         24,208

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Maine

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Maine’s state population was 1,321,574, which ranked 40th among the 50 states.
    • The racial/ethnic composition of the state’s population was predominately white (95 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 4,748 births to unmarried women in Maine, accounting for 34.1 percent of all births in the state.
    • Maine ranked 31st among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • The percentage of births to unmarried women was lower in counties in the Portland area (Cumberland and York counties) than in other areas of the state.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Maine had a divorce rate of 4.1 divorces per 1,000 people.  Maine’s divorce rate ranked 18th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Maine, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 17.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 17.1 percent in rural areas and 20.9 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Maine had 106,907 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (43.2 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 39,545 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 88 percent of low-income children in Maine were white.

     

    TABLE ME-1.

    MAINE

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Maine

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            276

            288

     95.8

     96.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

          3,720

          8,271

     45.0

     47.9

    45.3

    Over 30

            752

          5,385

     14.0

     11.9

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          4,464

         13,143

     34.0

     22.7

    24.5

    African American

             77

            217

     35.5

     60.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

             57

            180

     31.7

     61.6

    46.4

    Other

            130

            334

     38.9

     16.3

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          1,078

          1,420

     75.9

     74.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

          3,313

          8,017

     41.3

     40.6

    39.8

    College graduate

            309

          4,300

      7.2

      6.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Cumberland County

            772

          3,015

     25.6

    ---

    ---

    York County

            642

          2,170

     29.6

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          3,334

          8,759

     38.1

    ---

    ---

    Total

          4,748

         13,944

     34.1

     30.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE ME-2.

    MAINE

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Maine

    New England Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          5,443

         40,822

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.1

      2.9

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     18

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Maine

    New England Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         59,105

     16.1

     13.1

     13.7

    Women

         80,304

     18.9

     15.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        134,746

     17.7

     14.5

     15.0

    African American

    NA

    NA

     18.6

     21.1

    Hispanic

            945

     18.2

     17.2

     12.2

    Other

          2,718

     14.1

      9.6

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         15,181

     18.3

     14.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

         96,028

     19.0

     16.7

     16.8

    College graduate

         28,200

     13.9

     11.1

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        116,082

     17.1

     16.8

     14.5

    Urban

         23,327

     20.9

     14.1

     15.1

    Total

        139,409

     17.6

     14.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE ME-3.

    MAINE

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

     

    Maine

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         46,139

     43.2

     38.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,226

     15.2

     11.4

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

          8,399

      7.9

     18.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

         27,607

     25.8

     21.8

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          3,968

      3.7

      4.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

          4,568

      4.3

      5.4

    8.3

    Total

        106,907

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         39,545

     46.6

     47.6

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         12,413

     14.6

     13.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,594

      5.4

      6.6

    10.3

    Formerly married

         21,720

     25.6

     24.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          3,499

      4.1

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

          3,007

      3.5

      3.6

    7.9

    Total

         84,778

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

          6,594

     29.8

     36.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,813

     17.2

     10.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

          3,805

     17.2

     21.4

    15.9

    Formerly married

          5,887

     26.6

     21.3

    17.7

    Neither Parent

            469

      2.1

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

          1,561

      7.1

      5.7

    8.3

    Total

         22,129

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE ME-4.

    MAINE

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Maine

    New England Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         40,750

     43.2

     45.0

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         15,338

     16.2

     12.7

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,083

      7.5

      9.5

    6.5

    Formerly married

         25,335

     26.8

     24.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          2,935

      3.1

      3.9

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,952

      3.1

      4.5

    6.2

    Total

         94,393

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     23.0

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

      7.0

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

     36.9

    37.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      6.4

    6.9

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      7.7

    10.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     29.0

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

     10.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

     30.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     20.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      3.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      6.1

    8.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          4,067

     60.1

     45.2

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            557

      8.2

     11.1

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

            639

      9.4

     20.0

    12.0

    Formerly married

          1,209

     17.9

     13.5

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            201

      3.0

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      5.3

    8.7

    Total

          6,765

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Maryland

    Overview and Key Statistics

     

    State Population

    • In 2006, Maryland’s state population was 5,615,727, which ranked 19th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (59 percent) and African Americans (28  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 26,652 births to unmarried women in Maryland, accounting for 35.7 percent of all births in the state.
    • Maryland ranked 22nd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 14,397 births to unmarried African American women in Maryland and 8,088 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Maryland had a divorce rate of 3.1 divorces per 1,000 people.  Maryland’s divorce rate ranked 32nd highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Maryland, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.8 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.4 percent in rural areas and 13.8 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Maryland had 333,271 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over one-third of these children (33.7 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 121,550 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 51 percent of low-income children in Maryland were African American and 29 percent were white.

     

    TABLE MD-1.

    MARYLAND

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Maryland

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,144

          2,241

     95.7

     90.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

         19,097

         37,780

     50.5

     48.2

    45.3

    Over 30

          5,411

         34,607

     15.6

     16.7

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          8,088

         38,069

     21.2

     24.8

    24.5

    African American

         14,397

         24,152

     59.6

     66.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          3,736

          7,634

     48.9

     45.1

    46.4

    Other

            406

          4,700

      8.6

     14.5

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          7,405

         10,054

     73.7

     66.4

    60.9

    High school graduate

         16,123

         34,800

     46.3

     41.3

    39.8

    College graduate

          2,573

         28,653

      9.0

      7.3

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Montgomery County

          2,991

         13,663

     21.9

    ---

    ---

    Prince George’s County

          5,573

         12,203

     45.7

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         18,088

         48,762

     37.1

    ---

    ---

    Total

         26,652

         74,628

     35.7

     38.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE MD-2.

    MARYLAND

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Maryland

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         17,233

        189,151

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.1

      4.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     32

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Maryland

    South Atlantic Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        165,859

     12.1

     14.0

     13.7

    Women

        247,070

     15.3

     16.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        250,867

     12.8

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

        130,237

     19.1

     19.7

     21.1

    Hispanic

         15,696

     10.2

     13.2

     12.2

    Other

         16,129

      7.9

     10.8

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         44,039

     12.3

     14.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

        255,315

     16.5

     16.8

     16.8

    College graduate

        113,575

     10.5

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         35,221

     13.4

     14.6

     14.5

    Urban

        377,708

     13.8

     15.4

     15.1

    Total

        412,929

     13.8

     15.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE MD-3.

    MARYLAND

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Maryland

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        112,159

     33.7

     40.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         30,970

      9.3

      8.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         76,975

     23.1

     17.6

    14.9

    Formerly married

         56,610

     17.0

     18.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         21,895

      6.6

      5.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         34,662

     10.4

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

        333,271

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         11,978

     39.9

     41.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,369

      7.9

      8.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,622

     22.1

     14.3

    10.3

    Formerly married

          5,413

     18.0

     19.8

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          1,984

      6.6

      6.2

    5.2

    Unknownc

          1,633

      5.4

      9.3

    7.9

    Total

         29,999

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        100,181

     33.0

     40.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         28,601

      9.4

      9.0

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         70,353

     23.2

     18.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

         51,197

     16.9

     18.2

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         19,911

      6.6

      4.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

         33,029

     10.9

      8.9

    8.3

    Total

        303,272

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details. 

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE MD-4.

    MARYLAND

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Maryland

    South Atlantic Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         44,299

     46.2

     51.8

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,605

     12.1

      9.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,088

      7.4

      5.3

    6.5

    Formerly married

         19,447

     20.3

     20.9

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          5,599

      5.8

      4.5

    4.0

    Unknownc

          7,827

      8.2

      7.6

    6.2

    Total

         95,865

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         35,536

     20.9

     20.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         13,485

      7.9

      6.8

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         59,793

     35.2

     35.0

    37.3

    Formerly married

         27,976

     16.5

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         12,655

      7.4

      7.0

    6.9

    Unknownc

         20,562

     12.1

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

        170,007

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         22,747

     52.9

     56.5

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,641

     10.8

     11.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,793

     11.1

      8.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          7,150

     16.6

     13.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,800

      4.2

      3.1

    3.0

    Unknownc

          1,890

      4.4

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

         43,021

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          9,577

     39.3

     49.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,239

      5.1

      9.0

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          5,301

     21.7

     14.5

    12.0

    Formerly married

          2,037

      8.4

     14.7

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,841

      7.6

      4.6

    4.0

    Unknownc

          4,383

     18.0

      7.5

    8.7

    Total

         24,378

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Massachusetts

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Massachusetts’s state population was 6,437,193, which ranked 13th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (79 percent) and Hispanics (8  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 22,392 births to unmarried women in Massachusetts, accounting for 28.5 percent of all births in the state.
    • Massachusetts ranked 46th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 11,353 births to unmarried white women in Massachusetts and 6,205 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Massachusetts had a divorce rate of 2.2 divorces per 1,000 people.  Massachusetts’s divorce rate ranked lowest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 12.8 percent in rural areas and 13.5 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Massachusetts had 376,106 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over one-third of these children (36.3 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 162,502 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 47 percent of low-income children in Massachusetts were white, 26 percent were Hispanic, and 16 percent were African American.

    TABLE MA-1.

    MASSACHUSETTS

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Massachusetts

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,457

          1,495

     97.5

     96.8

    90.6

    18 to 29

         15,863

         32,709

     48.5

     47.9

    45.3

    Over 30

          5,072

         44,280

     11.5

     11.9

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         11,353

         55,662

     20.4

     22.7

    24.5

    African American

          3,835

          6,713

     57.1

     60.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

          6,205

          9,839

     63.1

     61.6

    46.4

    Other

            888

          5,713

     15.5

     16.3

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          7,035

          9,626

     73.1

     74.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

         13,340

         33,946

     39.3

     40.6

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,932

         34,608

      5.6

      6.0

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Middlesex County

          3,182

         17,915

     17.8

    ---

    ---

    Worcester County

          2,825

          9,789

     28.9

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         16,385

         50,780

     32.3

    ---

    ---

    Total

         22,392

         78,484

     28.5

     30.1

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE MA-2.

    MASSACHUSETTS

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Massachusetts

    New England Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         14,354

         40,822

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      2.2

      2.9

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     44

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Massachusetts

    New England Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        184,644

     12.0

     13.1

     13.7

    Women

        272,804

     14.8

     15.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        380,711

     13.4

     14.5

     15.0

    African American

         24,103

     17.8

     18.6

     21.1

    Hispanic

         35,218

     18.5

     17.2

     12.2

    Other

         17,416

      8.2

      9.6

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         51,494

     13.0

     14.5

     13.4

    High school graduate

        276,761

     15.9

     16.7

     16.8

    College graduate

        129,193

     10.4

     11.1

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

          9,221

     12.8

     16.8

     14.5

    Urban

        448,227

     13.5

     14.1

     15.1

    Total

        457,448

     13.5

     14.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE MA-3.

    MASSACHUSETTS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Massachusetts

    New England Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        136,488

     36.3

     38.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         37,958

     10.1

     11.4

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         78,938

     21.0

     18.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

         84,843

     22.6

     21.8

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         16,754

      4.5

      4.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         21,125

      5.6

      5.4

    8.3

    Total

        376,106

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

          2,799

     45.7

     47.6

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            916

     15.0

     13.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

      6.6

    10.3

    Formerly married

          1,279

     20.9

     24.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

            538

      8.8

      4.3

    5.2

    Unknownc

            590

      9.6

      3.6

    7.9

    Total

          6,122

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        133,689

     36.1

     36.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         37,042

     10.0

     10.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         78,938

     21.3

     21.4

    15.9

    Formerly married

         83,564

     22.6

     21.3

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         16,216

      4.4

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         20,535

      5.6

      5.7

    8.3

    Total

        369,984

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    TABLE MA-4.

    MASSACHUSETTS

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Massachusetts

    New England Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         76,991

     43.4

     45.0

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         20,867

     11.8

     12.7

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         20,356

     11.5

      9.5

    6.5

    Formerly married

         42,450

     23.9

     24.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          7,883

      4.4

      3.9

    4.0

    Unknownc

          8,782

      5.0

      4.5

    6.2

    Total

        177,329

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         14,647

     24.8

     23.0

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,346

      5.7

      7.0

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         20,349

     34.5

     36.9

    37.3

    Formerly married

         12,936

     21.9

     19.0

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          2,817

      4.8

      6.4

    6.9

    Unknownc

          4,952

      8.4

      7.7

    10.9

    Total

         59,047

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         25,293

     26.4

     29.0

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          8,702

      9.1

     10.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         28,739

     29.9

     30.0

    10.3

    Formerly married

         24,502

     25.5

     20.4

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          3,242

      3.4

      3.7

    3.0

    Unknownc

          5,499

      5.7

      6.1

    8.9

    Total

         95,977

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         19,557

     44.7

     45.2

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,043

     11.5

     11.1

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          9,494

     21.7

     20.0

    12.0

    Formerly married

          4,955

     11.3

     13.5

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          2,812

      6.4

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          1,892

      4.3

      5.3

    8.7

    Total

         43,753

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Michigan

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Michigan’s state population was 10,095,643, which ranked eighth among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (78 percent) and African Americans (14 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 46,280 births to unmarried women in Michigan, accounting for 35.7 percent of all births in the state.
    • Michigan ranked 23rd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 24,242 births to unmarried white women in Michigan and 16,455 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Michigan had a divorce rate of 3.4 divorces per 1,000 people.  Michigan’s divorce rate ranked 28th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Michigan, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.9 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.6 percent in rural areas and 16.3 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Michigan had 919,928 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (41.8 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 272,990 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 55 percent of low-income children in Michigan were white, 31 percent were African American, and 9 percent were Hispanic.

    TABLE MI-1.

    MICHIGAN

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Michigan

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          3,811

          4,046

     94.2

     94.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         35,122

         76,573

     45.9

     46.6

    45.3

    Over 30

          7,347

         49,157

     14.9

     14.5

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         24,242

         91,117

     26.6

     27.0

    24.5

    African American

         16,455

         22,240

     74.0

     76.6

    69.3

    Hispanic

          3,579

          7,827

     45.7

     47.0

    46.4

    Other

            799

          5,054

     15.8

     14.4

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

         15,305

         21,795

     70.2

     67.2

    60.9

    High school graduate

         27,430

         69,284

     39.6

     41.4

    39.8

    College graduate

          2,195

         35,332

      6.2

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Wayne County

         13,997

         28,283

     49.5

    ---

    ---

    Oakland County

          3,081

         15,264

     20.2

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         29,202

         86,229

     33.9

    ---

    ---

    Total

         46,280

        129,776

     35.7

     36.2

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE MI-2.

    MICHIGAN

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Michigan

    East North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         34,580

        123,466

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.4

      3.1

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     28

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Michigan

    East North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        384,925

     15.0

     14.2

     13.7

    Women

        492,863

     16.7

     16.2

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        694,529

     15.0

     14.8

     15.0

    African American

        133,054

     25.8

     24.2

     21.1

    Hispanic

         24,969

     14.6

     11.8

     12.2

    Other

         25,236

     11.9

     10.5

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

        108,092

     16.3

     15.3

     13.4

    High school graduate

        614,321

     17.7

     17.2

     16.8

    College graduate

        155,375

     11.3

     10.6

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        207,351

     14.6

     14.5

     14.5

    Urban

        670,437

     16.3

     15.5

     15.1

    Total

        877,788

     15.9

     15.3

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE MI-3.

    MICHIGAN

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Michigan

    East North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        384,667

     41.8

     42.2

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         92,697

     10.1

     10.2

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

        168,918

     18.4

     17.8

    14.9

    Formerly married

        171,224

     18.6

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         37,438

      4.1

      4.1

    4.3

    Unknownc

         64,984

      7.1

      7.4

    8.3

    Total

        919,928

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

        111,677

     52.4

     54.0

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         27,519

     12.9

     11.7

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         16,370

      7.7

      7.8

    10.3

    Formerly married

         37,911

     17.8

     17.1

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          6,331

      3.0

      3.7

    5.2

    Unknownc

         13,201

      6.2

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

        213,009

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        272,990

     38.6

     39.4

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         65,178

      9.2

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

        152,548

     21.6

     20.1

    15.9

    Formerly married

        133,313

     18.9

     18.6

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         31,107

      4.4

      4.2

    4.1

    Unknownc

         51,783

      7.3

      7.9

    8.3

    Total

        706,919

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE MI-4.

    MICHIGAN

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Michigan

    East North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        261,296

     52.1

     49.9

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         62,867

     12.5

     11.5

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         31,742

      6.3

      7.9

    6.5

    Formerly married

        104,108

     20.7

     21.2

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         15,081

      3.0

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

         26,846

      5.3

      6.2

    6.2

    Total

        501,940

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         53,638

     19.0

     16.8

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         14,301

      5.1

      6.1

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

        121,810

     43.2

     44.1

    37.3

    Formerly married

         46,926

     16.6

     16.4

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         17,859

      6.3

      6.7

    6.9

    Unknownc

         27,695

      9.8

      9.8

    10.9

    Total

        282,229

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         46,707

     57.2

     57.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,673

      9.4

     12.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,933

      9.7

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         11,011

     13.5

     11.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,723

      2.1

      2.3

    3.0

    Unknownc

          6,562

      8.0

      7.4

    8.9

    Total

         81,609

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         23,026

     42.5

     43.9

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,856

     14.5

     12.2

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,433

     13.7

     13.9

    12.0

    Formerly married

          9,179

     17.0

     16.1

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          2,775

      5.1

      5.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          3,881

      7.2

      8.7

    8.7

    Total

         54,150

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Minnesota

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Minnesota’s state population was 5,167,101, which ranked 21st among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (86  percent), African Americans (4 percent), and Hispanics (4 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 20,488 births to unmarried women in Minnesota, accounting for 29.0 percent of all births in the state.
    • Minnesota ranked 45th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 11,970 births to unmarried white women in Minnesota, 3,213 births to unmarried African American women, and 2,754 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In Minnesota, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 13.2 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 10.9 percent in rural areas and 14.2 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Minnesota had 358,136 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (49.5 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 110,434 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 58 percent of low-income children in Minnesota were white, 15 percent were African American, and 12 percent were Hispanic.

     

    TABLE MN-1.

    MINNESOTA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Minnesota

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,459

          1,549

     94.2

     93.3

    90.6

    18 to 29

         15,714

         39,431

     39.9

     41.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          3,315

         29,644

     11.2

     12.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

    White

         11,970

         53,344

     22.4

     26.4

    24.5

    African American

          3,213

          5,569

     57.7

     70.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          2,754

          5,336

     51.6

     46.9

    46.4

    Asian or Pacific Islander

    1,164

    4,062

    28.7

    21.9

    14.2

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

          5,153

          7,524

     68.5

     65.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

         13,165

         35,640

     36.9

     38.5

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,446

         26,085

      5.5

      5.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Hennepin County

          5,181

         16,721

     31.0

    ---

    ---

    Ramsey County

          2,946

          7,269

     40.5

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         12,361

         46,634

     26.5

    ---

    ---

    Total

         20,488

         70,624

     29.0

     32.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    cNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total due to missing information on mother’s education level.

     

    TABLE MN-2.

    MINNESOTA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Minnesota

    West North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

    NA

         47,601

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

    NA

      3.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

    NA

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    NA = not available; Minnesota does not report these divorce statistics.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Minnesota

    West North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        166,175

     12.4

     13.4

     13.7

    Women

        207,266

     13.9

     14.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        334,581

     13.1

     14.0

     15.0

    African American

         17,796

     24.9

     22.9

     21.1

    Hispanic

          6,706

      8.8

      9.9

     12.2

    Asian

         5,680

     6.4

     5.8

     6.9

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         30,921

     12.6

     14.6

     13.4

    High school graduate

        253,655

     14.7

     15.6

     16.8

    College graduate

         88,865

     10.2

     10.5

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         96,880

     10.9

     12.4

     14.5

    Urban

        276,561

     14.2

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

        373,441

     13.2

     14.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s four largest groups.

     

    TABLE MN-3.

    MINNESOTA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Minnesota

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        177,337

     49.5

     48.3

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         41,444

     11.6

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         53,849

     15.0

     13.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         56,523

     15.8

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          9,682

      2.7

      3.7

    4.3

    Unknownc

         19,301

      5.4

      6.3

    8.3

    Total

        358,136

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         66,903

     55.4

     55.5

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         11,968

      9.9

     10.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         10,388

      8.6

      6.7

    10.3

    Formerly married

         21,671

     17.9

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          4,323

      3.6

      3.9

    5.2

    Unknownc

          5,518

      4.6

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

        120,771

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        110,434

     46.5

     44.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         29,476

     12.4

      9.7

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         43,461

     18.3

     16.8

    15.9

    Formerly married

         34,852

     14.7

     18.5

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          5,359

      2.3

      3.6

    4.1

    Unknownc

         13,783

      5.8

      6.5

    8.3

    Total

        237,365

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE MN-4.

    MINNESOTA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Minnesota

    West North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        108,148

     52.1

     54.3

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         28,245

     13.6

     10.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         19,509

      9.4

      7.4

    6.5

    Formerly married

         38,582

     18.6

     20.1

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          5,138

      2.5

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          8,097

      3.9

      4.6

    6.2

    Total

        207,719

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         18,239

     33.8

     23.1

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,855

      7.1

      5.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         20,237

     37.5

     40.4

    37.3

    Formerly married

          6,658

     12.3

     16.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          1,516

      2.8

      4.6

    6.9

    Unknownc

          3,496

      6.5

      9.3

    10.9

    Total

         54,001

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         21,345

     48.7

     54.3

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,117

     11.7

     11.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          8,195

     18.7

     11.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          2,199

      5.0

     10.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,110

      2.5

      3.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          5,866

     13.4

      7.9

    8.9

    Total

         43,832

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Asian

    Married Parents

    20,632

    80.0

    74.6

    73.2

    Cohabiting Parents

    1,147

    4.4

    6.3

    3.7

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

    1.5

    3.7

    Formerly married

    2,064

    8.0

    13.5

    10.6

    Neither Parent

    114

    4.3

    2.6

    2.5

    Unknownc

    592

    2.3

    1.5

    6.3

    Total

    25,784

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. The table includes only the state’s four largest groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Mississippi

    Overview and Key Statistics

     

    State Population

    • In 2006, Mississippi’s state population was 2,910,540, which ranked 31st among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (59 percent) and African Americans (37 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 20,705 births to unmarried women in Mississippi, accounting for 48.3 percent of all births in the state.
    • Mississippi ranked third among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 14,177 births to unmarried African American women in Mississippi and 5,714 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Mississippi had a divorce rate of 4.4 divorces per 1,000 people.  Mississippi’s divorce rate ranked 13th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 14.7 percent in rural areas and 16.3 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Mississippi had 408,822 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Less than one-third of these children (30.8 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in rural areas.  In 2006, there were 100,996 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 62 percent of low-income children in Mississippi were African American and 33 percent were white.

     

    TABLE MS-1.

    MISSISSIPPI

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Mississippi

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,122

          2,304

     92.1

     88.1

    90.6

    18 to 29

         16,377

         30,409

     53.9

     45.0

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,206

         10,114

     21.8

     16.1

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          5,714

         22,419

     25.5

     26.7

    24.5

    African American

         14,177

         18,491

     76.7

     74.0

    69.3

    Hispanic

            519

          1,108

     46.8

     42.3

    46.4

    Other

            287

            772

     37.2

     20.7

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          7,500

         10,196

     73.6

     64.3

    60.9

    High school graduate

         11,867

         23,273

     51.0

     40.8

    39.8

    College graduate

            952

          7,535

     12.6

      6.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Hinds County

          2,382

          3,929

     60.6

    ---

    ---

    Harrison County

          1,336

          3,009

     44.4

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         16,987

         35,889

     47.3

    ---

    ---

    Total

         20,705

         42,827

     48.3

     38.8

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE MS-2.

    MISSISSIPPI

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Mississippi

    East South Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         12,798

         82,393

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.4

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     13

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Mississippi

    East South Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        101,596

     14.5

     15.9

     13.7

    Women

        135,339

     16.1

     17.3

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        159,729

     14.9

     16.0

     15.0

    African American

         71,388

     17.1

     21.1

     21.1

    Hispanic

          2,422

     11.8

     11.6

     12.2

    Other

          3,396

     14.1

     15.1

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         48,099

     14.9

     16.8

     13.4

    High school graduate

        155,012

     16.7

     18.0

     16.8

    College graduate

         33,824

     11.7

     12.4

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        133,121

     14.7

     15.6

     14.5

    Urban

        103,814

     16.3

     17.5

     15.1

    Total

        236,935

     15.4

     16.6

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

    TABLE MS-3.

    MISSISSIPPI

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Mississippi

    East South Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        125,779

     30.8

     38.7

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         28,763

      7.0

      7.9

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         93,666

     22.9

     17.4

    14.9

    Formerly married

         82,712

     20.2

     20.5

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         29,437

      7.2

      6.2

    4.3

    Unknownc

         48,465

     11.9

      9.2

    8.3

    Total

        408,822

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         77,062

     31.5

     43.7

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         18,762

      7.7

      7.9

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

         52,670

     21.5

     12.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

         48,326

     19.8

     20.2

    19.0

    Neither Parent

         17,672

      7.2

      6.4

    5.2

    Unknownc

         29,921

     12.2

      9.4

    7.9

    Total

        244,413

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         48,717

     29.6

     34.1

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,001

      6.1

      7.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         40,996

     24.9

     22.2

    15.9

    Formerly married

         34,386

     20.9

     20.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         11,765

      7.2

      5.9

    4.1

    Unknownc

         18,544

     11.3

      9.0

    8.3

    Total

        164,409

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE MS-4.

    MISSISSIPPI

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Mississippi

    East South Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         70,988

     52.2

     51.4

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         10,467

      7.7

      8.2

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,576

      3.4

      4.7

    6.5

    Formerly married

         29,370

     21.6

     22.4

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          8,774

      6.4

      5.8

    4.0

    Unknownc

         11,859

      8.7

      7.4

    6.2

    Total

        136,034

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         46,402

     18.2

     18.5

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,039

      6.7

      6.3

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         85,037

     33.4

     36.8

    37.3

    Formerly married

         51,862

     20.4

     19.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

         19,773

      7.8

      6.9

    6.9

    Unknownc

         34,176

     13.4

     11.6

    10.9

    Total

        254,289

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

          4,610

     54.8

     54.8

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

            679

      8.1

     13.8

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,731

     20.6

      9.5

    10.3

    Formerly married

            440

      5.2

      9.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

            426

      5.1

      5.0

    3.0

    Unknownc

            529

      6.3

      7.1

    8.9

    Total

          8,415

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          3,779

     37.5

     41.8

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

            578

      5.7

     10.8

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,322

     23.0

     13.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          1,040

     10.3

     16.2

    15.8

    Neither Parent

            464

      4.6

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          1,901

     18.9

     13.0

    8.7

    Total

         10,084

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Missouri

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Missouri’s state population was 5,842,713, which ranked 18th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (83 percent) and African Americans (11 percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 28,741 births to unmarried women in Missouri, accounting for 37.0 percent of all births in the state.
    • Missouri ranked 17th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 17,797 births to unmarried white women in Missouri and 8,689 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Missouri had a divorce rate of 3.6 divorces per 1,000 people.  Missouri’s divorce rate ranked 25th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Missouri, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.8 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.2 percent in rural areas and 16.1 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Missouri had 594,898 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (46.0 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 162,356 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 65 percent of low-income children in Missouri were white and 24 percent were African American.

     

    TABLE MO-1.

    MISSOURI

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Missouri

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          2,563

          2,770

     92.5

     93.3

    90.6

    18 to 29

         22,481

         50,240

     44.7

     41.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          3,697

         24,755

     14.9

     12.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

         17,797

         60,455

     29.4

     26.4

    24.5

    African American

          8,689

         11,278

     77.0

     70.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,828

          3,845

     47.5

     46.9

    46.4

    Other

            417

          2,108

     19.8

     42.1

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          9,856

         14,453

     68.2

     65.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

         16,982

         41,315

     41.1

     38.5

    39.8

    College graduate

          1,398

         21,063

      6.6

      5.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    St. Louis County

          3,959

         12,181

     32.5

    ---

    ---

    Jackson County

          4,887

         10,310

     47.4

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

         19,895

         55,274

     36.0

    ---

    ---

    Total

         28,741

         77,765

     37.0

     32.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    TABLE MO-2.

    MISSOURI

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Missouri

    West North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

         21,013

         47,601

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.6

      3.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     25

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Missouri

    West North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

        229,626

     15.0

     13.4

     13.7

    Women

        294,176

     16.6

     14.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        450,433

     15.5

     14.0

     15.0

    African American

         51,470

     21.2

     22.9

     21.1

    Hispanic

          6,981

     10.1

      9.9

     12.2

    Other

         14,918

     16.4

     14.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         79,616

     16.3

     14.6

     13.4

    High school graduate

        352,961

     17.3

     15.6

     16.8

    College graduate

         91,225

     11.7

     10.5

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

        147,161

     15.2

     12.4

     14.5

    Urban

        376,641

     16.1

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

        523,802

     15.8

     14.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE MO-3.

    MISSOURI

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Missouri

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

        273,649

     46.0

     48.3

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         51,437

      8.6

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         95,057

     16.0

     13.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

        113,764

     19.1

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

         22,326

      3.8

      3.7

    4.3

    Unknownc

         38,665

      6.5

      6.3

    8.3

    Total

        594,898

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

        111,293

     58.9

     55.5

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

         16,627

      8.8

     10.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,493

      4.0

      6.7

    10.3

    Formerly married

         36,593

     19.4

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          7,047

      3.7

      3.9

    5.2

    Unknownc

         10,009

      5.3

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

        189,062

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

        162,356

     40.0

     44.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         34,810

      8.6

      9.7

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         87,564

     21.6

     16.8

    15.9

    Formerly married

         77,171

     19.0

     18.5

    17.7

    Neither Parent

         15,279

      3.8

      3.6

    4.1

    Unknownc

         28,656

      7.1

      6.5

    8.3

    Total

        405,836

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE MO-4.

    MISSOURI

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Missouri

    West North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

        215,078

     55.9

     54.3

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

         35,962

      9.3

     10.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

         22,759

      5.9

      7.4

    6.5

    Formerly married

         77,331

     20.1

     20.1

    21.0

    Neither Parent

         13,315

      3.5

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

         20,277

      5.3

      4.6

    6.2

    Total

        384,722

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

         28,544

     20.2

     23.1

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          7,147

      5.1

      5.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

         61,312

     43.4

     40.4

    37.3

    Formerly married

         24,044

     17.0

     16.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

          6,128

      4.3

      4.6

    6.9

    Unknownc

         14,180

     10.0

      9.3

    10.9

    Total

        141,355

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         18,625

     54.2

     54.3

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,450

     15.9

     11.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,126

     12.0

     11.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          2,996

      8.7

     10.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,018

      3.0

      3.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          2,155

      6.3

      7.9

    8.9

    Total

         34,370

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

         11,402

     33.1

     41.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,878

      8.4

     11.5

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,860

     19.9

     14.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          9,393

     27.3

     17.3

    15.8

    Neither Parent

          1,865

      5.4

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

          2,053

      6.0

     10.1

    8.7

    Total

         34,451

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Montana

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Montana’s state population was 944,632, which ranked 44th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (89 percent) and American Indians (6  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 3,951 births to unmarried women in Montana, accounting for 34.3 percent of all births in the state.
    • Montana ranked 30th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 2,584 births to unmarried white women in Montana and 1,069 births to unmarried American Indians.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Montana had a divorce rate of 4.5 divorces per 1,000 people.  Montana’s divorce rate ranked 12th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Montana, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.3 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 8.2 percent for Hispanics and 15.2 percent for both whites and American Indians.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Montana had 91,417 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly three-fifths of these children (59.3 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 39,115 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 77 percent of low-income children in Montana were white and 13 percent were American Indian.

     

    TABLE MT-1.

    MONTANA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Montana

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            337

            352

     95.7

     89.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

          3,098

          7,435

     41.7

     38.9

    45.3

    Over 30

            516

          3,732

     13.8

     16.4

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

    White

          2,584

          9,303

     27.8

     21.0

    24.5

    Hispanic

            152

            373

     40.8

     49.3

    46.4

    American Indian

          1,096

          1,496

     73.3

     71.4

    62.9

    Mother’s Educationc

    Less than high school

          1,211

          1,763

     68.7

     59.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          2,496

          6,681

     37.4

     33.2

    39.8

    College graduate

            212

          3,005

      7.1

      6.2

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Yellowstone County

            671

          1,867

     35.9

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          3,280

          9,652

     34.0

    ---

    ---

     

    Total

          3,951

         11,519

     34.3

     33.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Includes only the state’s three largest groups.

    c Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information on mother’s education level.

    TABLE MT-2.

    MONTANA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Montana

    Mountain Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          4,203

         95,945

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      4.5

      4.7

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     12

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Montana

    Mountain Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         41,708

     15.9

     15.0

     13.7

    Women

         43,489

     14.9

     17.0

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

         77,625

     15.2

     16.7

     15.0

    Hispanic

            559

      8.2

     13.2

     12.2

    American Indian

          3,542

     15.2

     16.1

     20.6

    Education Level

    Less than high school

          7,591

     15.5

     13.2

     13.4

    High school graduate

         60,261

     16.5

     17.8

     16.8

    College graduate

         17,345

     12.2

     13.8

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         27,150

     15.6

     15.5

     14.5

    Urban

         58,047

     15.2

     16.2

     15.1

    Total

         85,197

     15.3

     16.1

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s three largest racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE MT-3.

    MONTANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Montana

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         54,236

     59.3

     54.4

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,479

      6.0

      9.7

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

          9,617

     10.5

      9.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         13,758

     15.0

     16.1

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          3,271

      3.6

      3.4

    4.3

    Unknownc

          5,056

      5.5

      6.9

    8.3

    Total

         91,417

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         15,121

     62.9

     52.1

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,405

      5.8

      8.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          1,893

      7.9

      8.4

    10.3

    Formerly married

          2,906

     12.1

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

            615

      2.6

      3.6

    5.2

    Unknownc

          2,104

      8.8

      9.6

    7.9

    Total

         24,044

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         39,115

     58.1

     54.6

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,074

      6.0

      9.9

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,724

     11.5

      9.6

    15.9

    Formerly married

         10,852

     16.1

     15.9

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          2,656

      3.9

      3.4

    4.1

    Unknownc

          2,952

      4.4

      6.6

    8.3

    Total

         67,373

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    TABLE MT-4.

    MONTANA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

    Montana

    Mountain Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         45,504

     64.3

     58.7

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          4,132

      5.8

      8.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          5,813

      8.2

      5.8

    6.5

    Formerly married

         10,756

     15.2

     19.0

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          1,481

      2.1

      3.4

    4.0

    Unknownc

          3,072

      4.3

      4.7

    6.2

    Total

         70,758

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

    NA

    NA

     55.7

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

    NA

    NA

     10.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

    NA

    NA

     10.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

    NA

    NA

     12.9

    14.1

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      2.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

    NA

    NA

      7.5

    8.9

    Total

    NA

    NA

    100.0

    100.0

    American

    Indian

    Married Parents

    3,712

    31.7

    36.7

    34.1

    Cohabiting Parents

    758

    6.5

    14.8

    16.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

    3,251

    27.8

    13.2

    12.5

    Formerly married

    1,215

    10.4

    15.0

    16.5

    Neither Parent

    1,386

    11.8

    5.3

    6.4

    Unknownc

    1,381

    11.8

    15.0

    14.4

    Total

    11,703    

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Table includes only the state’s three largest groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Nebraska

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Nebraska’s state population was 1,768,331, which ranked 38th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (84 percent), Hispanics (8  percent), and African Americans (4  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 7,954 births to unmarried women in Nebraska, accounting for 30.2 percent of all births in the state.
    • Nebraska ranked 42nd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 4,760 births to unmarried white women in Nebraska, 1,516 births to unmarried Hispanic women, and 1,068 births to unmarried African American women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Nebraska had a divorce rate of 3.3 divorces per 1,000 people.  Nebraska’s divorce rate ranked 29th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 11.5 percent in rural areas and 14.4 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Nebraska had 172,320 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (52.5 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 60,941 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 61 percent of low-income children in Nebraska were white, 19 percent were Hispanic, and 11 percent were African American.

    TABLE NE-1.

    NEBRASKA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Nebraska

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

            648

            694

     93.4

     93.3

    90.6

    18 to 29

          6,273

         16,490

     38.0

     41.1

    45.3

    Over 30

          1,033

          9,148

     11.3

     12.6

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          4,760

         19,657

     24.2

     26.4

    24.5

    African American

          1,068

          1,536

     69.5

     70.4

    69.3

    Hispanic

          1,516

          3,450

     43.9

     46.9

    46.4

    Other

            416

          1,021

     40.7

     42.1

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          2,561

          4,346

     58.9

     65.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          4,973

         13,597

     36.6

     38.5

    39.8

    College graduate

            406

          8,366

      4.9

      5.7

    7.0

    Geographic Area

    Douglas County

          2,895

          8,352

     34.7

    ---

    ---

    Lancaster County

          1,099

          4,126

     26.6

    ---

    ---

    All other counties

          3,960

         13,854

     28.6

    ---

    ---

    Total

          7,954

         26,332

     30.2

     32.5

    35.8

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

    c See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

     

    TABLE NE-2.

    NEBRASKA

    DIVORCE RATES,

    BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Overall Rates, 2005

    Measure

    Nebraska

    West North Central Regiona

    United Statesb

    Number of divorces granted

          5,864

         47,601

    846,166

    Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

      3.3

      3.2

    3.6

    State ranking (highest to lowest)b

     29

     

    Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.  

    b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

    c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

    Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

    Nebraska

    West North Central Regiond

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of
    Divorced People

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Percent of
    Group

    Gender

    Men

         61,656

     13.3

     13.4

     13.7

    Women

         71,314

     13.6

     14.8

     16.0

    Race/Ethnicitye

    White

        118,258

     13.5

     14.0

     15.0

    African American

          6,530

     23.9

     22.9

     21.1

    Hispanic

          4,458

      8.1

      9.9

     12.2

    Other

          3,724

     12.7

     14.0

     10.4

    Education Level

    Less than high school

         14,862

     14.9

     14.6

     13.4

    High school graduate

         90,723

     14.5

     15.6

     16.8

    College graduate

         27,385

     10.4

     10.5

     11.9

    Geographic Areae

    Rural

         36,798

     11.5

     12.4

     14.5

    Urban

         96,172

     14.4

     15.0

     15.1

    Total

        132,970

     13.5

     14.2

     15.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

    d Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

     

    TABLE NE-3.

    NEBRASKA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

    Nebraska

    West North Central Regiona

    United States

    Geographic
    Areab

    Family
    Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    All Areas

    Married Parents

         90,451

     52.5

     48.3

    45.4

    Cohabiting Parents

         17,401

     10.1

     10.0

    9.1

    Single Parent

    Never married

         22,038

     12.8

     13.5

    14.9

    Formerly married

         28,456

     16.5

     18.3

    18.0

    Neither Parent

          6,520

      3.8

      3.7

    4.3

    Unknownc

          7,454

      4.3

      6.3

    8.3

    Total

        172,320

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Rural

    Married Parents

         29,510

     57.6

     55.5

    48.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          5,278

     10.3

     10.6

    9.6

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,550

      8.9

      6.7

    10.3

    Formerly married

          7,883

     15.4

     17.7

    19.0

    Neither Parent

          2,581

      5.0

      3.9

    5.2

    Unknownc

          1,420

      2.8

      5.7

    7.9

    Total

         51,222

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Urban

    Married Parents

         60,941

     50.3

     44.8

    44.8

    Cohabiting Parents

         12,123

     10.0

      9.7

    9.0

    Single Parent

    Never married

         17,488

     14.4

     16.8

    15.9

    Formerly married

         20,573

     17.0

     18.5

    17.7

    Neither Parent

          3,939

      3.3

      3.6

    4.1

    Unknownc

          6,034

      5.0

      6.5

    8.3

    Total

        121,098

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

     

    TABLE NE-4.

    NEBRASKA

    DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

    BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

     

    Nebraska

    West North Central Regiona

    United
    States

    Racial/Ethnic Groupb

    Family Type

    Number of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    Percent of
    Children

    White

    Married Parents

         61,112

     58.1

     54.3

    52.3

    Cohabiting Parents

          9,735

      9.3

     10.4

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          7,918

      7.5

      7.4

    6.5

    Formerly married

         17,911

     17.0

     20.1

    21.0

    Neither Parent

          3,992

      3.8

      3.2

    4.0

    Unknownc

          4,469

      4.3

      4.6

    6.2

    Total

        105,137

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    African
    American

    Married Parents

          4,875

     26.0

     23.1

    20.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          1,812

      9.7

      5.9

    6.3

    Single Parent

    Never married

          6,847

     36.5

     40.4

    37.3

    Formerly married

          3,125

     16.7

     16.8

    18.6

    Neither Parent

            788

      4.2

      4.6

    6.9

    Unknownc

          1,315

      7.0

      9.3

    10.9

    Total

         18,762

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Hispanic

    Married Parents

         17,641

     53.2

     54.3

    53.8

    Cohabiting Parents

          3,757

     11.3

     11.9

    9.9

    Single Parent

    Never married

          4,999

     15.1

     11.2

    10.3

    Formerly married

          4,017

     12.1

     10.8

    14.1

    Neither Parent

          1,439

      4.3

      3.9

    3.0

    Unknownc

          1,295

      3.9

      7.9

    8.9

    Total

         33,148

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

    Other

    Married Parents

          6,823

     44.7

     41.7

    50.0

    Cohabiting Parents

          2,097

     13.7

     11.5

    9.5

    Single Parent

    Never married

          2,274

     14.9

     14.3

    12.0

    Formerly married

          3,403

     22.3

     17.3

    15.8

    Neither Parent

    NA

    NA

      5.0

    4.0

    Unknownc

            375

      2.5

     10.1

    8.7

    Total

         15,273

    100.0

    100.0

    100.0

     

    Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

    a Includes Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

    b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

    c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

    NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

    Nevada

    Overview and Key Statistics

    State Population

    • In 2006, Nevada’s state population was 2,495,529, which ranked 35th among the 50 states.
    • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (59 percent) and Hispanics (24  percent).

    Marriage and Childbearing

    • In 2004, there were 13,978 births to unmarried women in Nevada, accounting for 39.7 percent of all births in the state.
    • Nevada ranked eighth among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
    • In 2004, there were 6,234 births to unmarried Hispanic women in Nevada and 4,690 births to unmarried white women.

    Marriage and Divorce

    • In 2005, Nevada had a divorce rate of 7.5 divorces per 1,000 people.  Nevada’s divorce rate ranked first highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
    • In Nevada, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 18.6 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
    • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.6 percent in rural areas and 18.7 percent in urban areas.

    Marriage and Low-Income Children

    • In 2006, Nevada had 233,949 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly half of these children (46.6 percent) were living with married parents.
    • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 102,177 children in this group.
    • In 2006, 50 percent of low-income children in Nevada were Hispanic, 29 percent were white, and 13 percent were African American.

    TABLE NV-1.

    NEVADA

    NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

    BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

    Nevada

    Mountain Regiona

    United States

    Population Group

    Number of Births to Unmarried Women

    Number of Births to All Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

    Mother’s Age

    Less than 18

          1,180

          1,336

     88.3

     89.9

    90.6

    18 to 29

         10,009

         21,684

     46.2

     38.9

    45.3

    Over 30

          2,789

         12,180

     22.9

     16.4

    16.0

    Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

    White

          4,690

         15,994

     29.3

     21.0

    24.5

    African American

          1,932

          2,807

     68.8

     59.7

    69.3

    Hispanic

          6,234

         13,054

     47.8

     49.3

    46.4

    Other

            924

          2,981

     31.0

     48.2

    21.7

    Mother’s Educationb

    Less than high school

          5,797

          9,656

     60.0

     59.5

    60.9

    High school graduate

          7,135

         18,838

     37.9

     33.2

    39.8

    College graduate

            591

          5,745

     10.