Working with Low-Income Cases: Lessons for the Child Support Enforcement System from Parents' Fair Share. I. Identifying Nonpaying NCPs


The outreach process began with the overall child support enforcement caseload in each of the PFS sites. For PFS purposes, this overall caseload was made up of two types of cases: (1) those in which CPs were currently receiving AFDC or for whom past AFDC receipt had generated an arrearage of child support owed the government (CSE agencies track these cases separately because some or all of the child support payments go to the public agency rather than the CP) and (2) those in which there was no obligation owed the public agency; these cases were in the IV-D system at the request of the CP.

The size of the overall CSE caseload in a jurisdiction is a function of its population, the income of families and the number of families receiving public assistance (for which CSE agencies are legally involved), and the proportion of the non-public-assistance-related cases in which CPs request that CSE agencies be involved. Within the public-assistance-related cases, PFS is an option for cases in which paternity is not at issue and a child support order exists or is about to be set.