Despite some improvement in employment and earnings among single mothers on average over the five-year outcome period, a substantial proportion of single mothers and low-income single mothers remained out of the labor market or at the bottom of the overall earnings distribution. As shown in Exhibit 5, 59% of single mothers and 81% of low-income single mothers were either not employed or were employed with earnings in the bottom two earnings quintiles in all years of the five-year outcome period, compared to 55% of all women.
Exhibit 5-Bar chart of percentage of low-income single mothers, all single mothers and all women either not employed or employed with earnings in the bottom two earnings quintiles in all five years of the study outcome period. A larger percentage of low-income single mothers and a smaller percentage of both all single mothers and all women spent all five years of the study outcome period without a job or working but with earnings in the bottom two earnings quintiles.
Source: Income and family characteristics are based on the 1997 and 1998 Annual
Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey. Employment
outcomes are based on the Social Security Administration's Detailed Earnings Records.