Several approaches to practice and intentional research could enhance knowledge on these topics. Although there has been a focus on linking science with practice across agencies, grant programs, and grantees, this effort has been sporadic. An assessment of FOAs across federal agencies could help ensure the proper exploration of commonalities and differences in effective strategies and performance measurements across varying types of applications (e.g., intervention programs vs. surveillance systems). Research could compare the effectiveness of TTA being provided based on an organization’s readiness by assessing the relationship of TTA to program outcomes for communities with different levels of initial readiness. This could inform best practices for infusing readiness based on certain organizational or community characteristics.