What Challenges Are Boys Facing, and What Opportunities Exist To Address Those Challenges? Fact Sheet: Constructive Use of Time*. Endnotes

09/03/2008

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(2)  Child Trends. (n.d.). After-school activities. In Child Trends Data Bank. Retrieved March 27, 2008, from http://www.childtrendsdatabank.org/pdf/86_PDF.pdf (in PDF format, 7 pages)

(3)  Child Trends. (n.d.). After-school activities.

(4)  Child Trends. (n.d.). After-school activities.

(5)  Tebes, J. K., Feinn, R., Vanderploeg, J. J., Chinman, M. J., Shepard, J., Brabham, T., et al. (2007). Impact of a positive youth development program in urban after-school settings on the prevention of adolescent substance use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 239–247.

(6)  Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., Strycker, L, A., & Chaumeton, N. R. (2002). Relations between youth antisocial and prosocial activities. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 425–438.

(7)  Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., Strycker, L, A., & Chaumeton, N. R. (2002).

(8)  Fox, M., Connolly, B. A., & Snyder, T. D. (2005). Youth Indicators 2005:  Trends in the well-being of American youth (NCES 2005–050). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

(9)  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). Volunteering in the United States, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved March 27, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/tus/charts/students.htm.

(10)  Rivers, A. & Moore, K. A. (2008). What works for civic engagement: Lessons from experimental evaluations of programs and interventions. Child Trends Fact Sheet. Washington, DC: Child Trends.

(11)  Kleiner, B., & Chapman, C. (2000). Youth service-learning and community service among 6th- through 12th- grade students in the United States: 1996 and 1999 (NCES 2000-028). 2000.U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

(12)  Porterfield, S. L., & Winkler, A. E. (2007). Teen time use and parental education: Evidence from the CPS, MTF, and ATUS. Monthly Labor Review, 130, 37–56.

(13)  U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2007). Average hours per weekday spent by high school students in various activities. American Time Use Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved March 28, 2008, from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/volun.pdf (in PDF format, 12 pages)

(14)  Warren, J.R., & Cataldi, E. F. (2006). A historical perspective on high school students’ paid employment and its association with high school dropout. Sociological Forum, 21, 113–143.

(15)  Apel, R., Paternoster, R., Bushway, S.D., & Brame, R. (2006). A job isn’t just a job: The differential impact of formal versus informal work on adolescent problem behavior. Crime & Delinquency, 52, 333–369.

(16)  Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2003). Shaping structured out-of-school time use among youth: The effects of self, family, and friend systems. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32, 453–463.

(17)  Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2003).

(18)  Jacobson, K. C., & Crockett, L. J. (2000). Parental monitoring and adolescent adjustment: An ecological perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10, 65–97.

(19)  Moore, K. A., & Kahn, J. (2008). Family and neighborhood risks: How they relate to involvement in out-of-school time activities. In Child Trends Research to Result Fact Sheets. Retrieved June 12, 2008, from http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2008_02_05_Risks.pdf (in PDF format, 2 pages)

(20)  Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2003).

(21)  Little, P., & Lauver, S. (2005). Engaging adolescents in out-of-school time programs: Learning what works. The Prevention Researcher, 12, 7–10.

(22)  Tebes, J. K., Feinn, R., Vanderploeg, J. J., Chinman, M. J., Shepard, J., Brabham, T., et al. (2007).

(23)  Porterfield, S. L., & Winkler, A. E. (2007).

(24)  Child Trends. (n.d.). After-school activities.

(25)  Hamilton, S. F., Hamilton, M. A., Hirsch, B. J., Hughes, J., King, J., & Maton, K. (2006). Community contexts for mentoring. Journal of Community Psychology, 34, 727–746.

(26)  Child Trends. (n.d.). After-school activities.

(27)  Tebes, J. K., Feinn, R., Vanderploeg, J. J., Chinman, M. J., Shepard, J., Brabham, T., et al. (2007).

(28)  Michelsen, E., Zaff, J. F., & Hair, E.C. (2002). Civic engagement programs and youth development: A synthesis. Washington, DC: Child Trends.

(29)  Gootman, J. A. (Ed.). (2000). After-school programs to promote child and adolescent development: Summary of a workshop. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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