|Nick and Alex became fast friends after sitting next to each other in algebra class on the first day of ninth grade. Since then, they have eaten lunch together every day, chatting about their classes, sports, and their favorite video games. But once the school day ends, the two boys go their separate ways. Nick heads off to practice basketball with his city league team. Nick hangs out with his teammates off the court too, even volunteering at the nursing home where the grandmother of one of his buddies lives. In the meantime, across town, Alex steps off the bus to an empty house. Most of the time, he surfs the Internet or sits on the front stoop and waits for the other neighborhood kids to come home from school. Alex’s parents don’t really want him hanging out with those kids, but what else is he going to do?
(*) This fact sheet is based on a comprehensive review of scientific literature, including computer searches of the major bibliographic databases (e.g., PsychINFO, MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCOhost) looking for epidemiological studies that determine what factors make boys more or less prone to certain outcomes. The literature search was limited to scholarly journal articles and government documents published in 2000 and later unless an article was a seminal piece in the field or contributed to tracking trends over time. The statistics provided are from the most recent year for which data were available. Where possible, data related specifically to boys are included, but when these data were not available, data on youth, ages 10 to 18, are provided.