Well-Being of Children in Working Poor and Other Families: 1997 and 2004. Results: Bivariate Analyses


We have conducted two types of bivariate analyses.  First, we compare 1997 and 2004 child well-being measures for the four work-poverty groups.  Second, we compare the four groups with one another in 2004.

Changes in child well-being between 1997 and 2004 by work and poverty status are displayed in Tables 1 through 3.  Table 1 focuses on variables measuring how well the child is developing.  Table 2 depicts variables measuring the home environment. Table 3 reports on variables measuring interaction with the community. 

The top panel of each table displays results for 1997, while the bottom panel displays results for 2004.  The presence of an asterisk next to the 1997 results indicates that the difference between the 1997 figure and the 2004 figure is statistically significant at the .05 level; a double asterisk indicates significance at the .01 level; and a plus-sign indicates significance at the .10 level.  However, only differences that are statistically significant at the .05 level or better are discussed in the text

In the bottom panel of each table, an asterisk next to a figure indicates that there is a significant difference at the .05 level in the result for children in the work-poverty group displayed in that column and the result for children in working poor families.  For example, the asterisk to the right of the 9 percent figure for gifted student cell in the first column of figures of the bottom panel indicates that, among children in non-working poor families, the percentage in gifted programs in 2004 (9 percent) is statistically different from the corresponding percentage (14 percent) for children in working poor families  one column to the right.

Statistical significance at the .01, .05, and .10 levels is displayed in the tables.  Again, only differences that are significant at the .05 level or better are discussed in the text.

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