Welfare-to-Work Grants Programs: Adjusting to Changing Circumstances. Update on the Status of Program Operations


In most study sites, as of Spring 2003, projects were still operating with either their original WtW grants or with other funds. The study sites are shown in Exhibit 1, along with their grant period and funding levels, and key features of their programs. As discussed below, in most sites the same programs were being implemented as had existed in 2001, although some notable service modifications had been introduced in 2002 as programs continued to evolve and as staff prepared for the end of the WtW grant funding. Enrollment levels also continued to rise through 2002 in most sites.

Exhibit 1.
WtW Evaluation In-Depth Study Sites

Study Site and Grantee/Host Agency Program Period Name of the Program Distinctive Program Features WtW Funding
Boston. Office of Jobs and Community Service in Economic Development and Industrialization Corp. 12/1998-12/2003 Employer-Sponsored Programs Partnerships between employers (commitment to hire) and nonprofit organizations (6-8 week pre-employment, case management, and post-employment support) $11.3 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999)
Chicago. Mayor's Office of Workforce Devel. 7/1999-7/2004 Welfare-to-Work Program 26 separate subgrantee agencies, each with unique programs $60 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999; Competitive Grants Round 1 & 2)
Fort Worth. Tarrant County Workforce Devel. Board (a.k.a. Work Advantage) 8/1999-8/2004 Welfare-to-Work Program 10 separate subgrantee agencies, each with unique rapid work attachment programs $7.2 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999; Competitive Grant Round 2)
Southeastern Indiana (19- county area). River Valley Resources, Inc. 6/1998-6/2003 Welfare-to-Work Program 19 rural counties served by RVR branches providing intensive case management, job placement, and subsidized jobs $7 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999; (Competitive Grant Round 1)
Milwaukee. Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections, Div. of Community Corrections, Reg. 3 Milwaukee County 6/1998-6/2003 Nontraditional Opportunities for Work (NOW) Program DOC-NOW arranges for noncustodial fathers on probation or parole to receive employment and job retention services through state W-2 (TANF and workforce development) agencies $2 million (state 15% Formula Funds; DOC Funds)
Nashville. Nashville Career Advancement Center 9/1998-3/2004 Nashville Works/ Pathways Program Structured monthly peer support and individualized employability plans, intensive case management, and problem-solving $4.2 million (Competitive Grant Round 2)
Philadelphia. Transitional Work Corporation 6/1998-6/2003 Phil@Work Program Two weeks of job readiness class, then 6 months of paid community service job, then placement in regular job. $22.4 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999;Competitive Grant; state 15% Formula Funds; & Pew Charitable Trust Grant)
Phoenix. City of Phoenix Human Services Dept., Employment and Training Div. 12/1998-12/2001 Employment and Respect Now (EARN) Alliance Three weeks of pre-employment preparation, then job placement and retention support $5.95 million (Competitive Grant, Formula Grant FY1998)
West Virginia (29-county area). Human Resources Development Foundation 6/1998-6/2003 Comprehensive Employment Program Four-week job readiness workshop, then graduated-stress supported work experience for 6 months, with skills training when possible; job placement and wage supplement $4.9 million (Competitive Grant Round 2)
Yakima WA. Tri-County Workforce Development Council (formerly Tri-Valley PIC) 9/1998-9/2003 Welfare-to-Work Program Individualized case management, job search assistance, job placement, subsidized work, supportive services; and separate program for noncustodial parents owing child support $6.4 million (Formula Grant FY1998, FY1999 Formula Funds; State 15% Formula Funds)
Baltimore County, MD; St. Lucie, FL; Long Beach, CA. Johns Hopkins University, Institute for Policy Studies, SCANS2000 12/1999-12/2001 Career Transcript System (CTS) Workplace liaisons through community colleges work with employed individuals and their employers to promote retention and career advancement $5 million for 8 sites, 3 of which are in the evaluation (multi-site Competitive Grant Round 2)
Source: Review of grantee applications and information as reported by program administrators during research site visits in 1999, 2000, and 2001.


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