1. For results from nationwide surveys of grantees, see (1) Irma Perez-Johnson and Alan Hershey, Early Implementation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Report to Congress. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., March 1999; and (2) Irma Perez-Johnson, Alan Hershey, and Jeanne Bellotti, Further Progress, Persistent Constraints: Findings From a Second Survey of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research Inc., April 2000.
2. For results of the exploratory site visits, see Demetra Smith Nightingale, Terri Thompson, Nancy Pindus, Pamela Holcomb, Edgar Lee, Jesse Valente, and John Trutko, Early Implementation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Programs: Findings from Exploratory Site Visits and Review of Program Plans. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, February 2000.
3. See Irma Perez-Johnson, Debra Strong, and Michelle Van Noy, Understanding the Costs of the DOL Welfare-to-Work Grants Program. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., August 2002.
4. The final outcomes analysis report is in draft and will be released in late 2003 or early 2004.
5. For the full analysis, see Demetra Smith Nightingale, Nancy Pindus, and John Trutko, The Implementation of Welfare-to-Work Grant Programs Washington, DC: Urban Institute, June 2002
6. While it is possible for projects to have WtW grants from more than one grantee, there is no information on how prevalent this arrangement is nationwide.
7. In this section, we include quotes of some of the administrators contacted to illustrate general ideas or perceptions conveyed, but we agreed not to quote individuals by name in this report.