Welfare-to-Work Grants Programs: Adjusting to Changing Circumstances. 1. Will Programs Continue?


As of mid-2003, most of the WtW grantees studied hoped to continue operating one or more of their grant-funded projects, or a similar project, for at least a year (Exhibit 4). That is, some of the program models implemented with WtW grants, and usually developed specifically for the grants initiative, may continue in some form. For example, in Boston, two of the employer partnership programs are continuing even though the WtW grants to those programs ended. The business partners have decided to fund the program themselves for at least one year. The Boston grantee agency is also interested in sponsoring similar projects in the future, although currently there are no funds available to do so. In Chicago and Tarrant County (Texas), most of the WtW-funded programs, operated mainly by nonprofit service organizations, are continuing with WIA and/or TANF funds.

Exhibit 4.
Plans to Continue WtW Programs After the Grant Expires, by Study Site
Study Site WtW Program is Expected to Continue
if Funds are Identified
No plans to Continue
WtW Program
Boston X (some of the programs)  
Chicago X (several of the programs)  
Tarrant County, TX X (some of the programs)  
Indiana RVR X  
Milwaukee DOC X  
Nashville NCAC X  
Philadelphia TWC X  
Phoenix EARN   X
West Va. HRDF   X
Yakima, WA X  
JHU-CTS Baltimore County   X
JHU-CTS Ft. Lucie FL   X
JHU-CTS Long Beach   X

The Phil@Work program operated by the Transitional Work Corporation in Philadelphia is somewhat unique among the study sites in that it was begun before the WtW grants program, and will continue after the grant funds end. The grants from the local WIB and the state represented a major portion of the program's total funds, but grants from private foundations and the state TANF agency are the main sources of funding. The TANF agency has committed to provide a special contract to TWC to continue the program for at least one more year, and expectations are that funds will continue beyond that time as well.

Administrators in Milwaukee NOW, Nashville Pathways, Indiana RVR and Yakima hope that they will be able to continue programs, but at the time of our discussions, no final decisions had been made.

In the remaining three sites — Phoenix EARN, HRDF in West Virginia, and the JHU-CTS projects — the WtW-funded programs have ended and are not continuing.

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