The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. What Were the Amounts and Sources of Household Income for Enrollees?


The mean monthly total income received by the households in which WtW enrollees were residing one year after program entry ranged from $1,000 to $1,600 across the study sites (Exhibit V.5).(62) It was nearly $1,400 or more in only four sites: Baltimore County, Milwaukee, Yakima, and St. Lucie County.

Earnings by WtW enrollees and the persons with whom they were living were critical sources of household income in these four higher-income sites; the combined earnings from these two sources exceeded $1,000 per month, on average. Milwaukee provides a striking example of how important the earnings of other household members can be in determining total household income. In this site, earnings by other persons with whom WtW enrollees were living accounted for $686, or nearly half of the mean monthly total household income. This is consistent with the pattern of strong support from family and friends and weak support from other sources for the Milwaukee enrollees.

Low combined earnings by enrollees and persons with whom they were living characterized the household incomes of enrollees in the seven study sites where the mean total income was substantially less than $1,400 per month. The low combined earnings were only partially offset by relatively high amounts of government assistance, leaving mean total incomes well below those in the four higher-income sites. In West Virginia for example, the mean combined earnings of enrollees and others in their households was just $656 and the mean total income was only $1,186 (Exhibit V.5).

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