The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. What Types of Skill Enhancement Services Did Enrollees Receive?


Rates of receipt of specific types of skill enhancement services did not exceed 20 percent other than for a few exceptional services in Baltimore County, Milwaukee, Nashville, and St. Lucie County (Exhibit III.5). These rates are well below those for the core employment preparation services but are comparable to those for some of the less common ancillary employment preparation services, such as mediation and mental health services. About 10 to 20 percent of WtW enrollees participated in GED/high school programs and in advanced education programs,(28) while 5 to 10 percent participated in adult basic education (ABE). Virtually no enrollees in any site other than Boston participated in English as a second language (ESL) programs; restrictions on the receipt of TANF by recent immigrants may have limited the number of WtW enrollees who could benefit from this instruction.

Milwaukee/NOW and Nashville Works/Pathways enrollees were most likely to participate in GED or high school programs, whereas enrollees in the two JHU programs were most likely to participate in college and other advanced education programs (Exhibit III.5). Enrollees in the Nashville site also had relatively high rates of participation in ABE and in advanced programs.

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