Few WtW enrollees in sites other than Baltimore County and St. Lucie County were employed when they entered the program, but most were employed at some time during the subsequent year. Thus, the study sites generally achieved the most fundamental objective of the WtW grants program, which was to move enrollees into employment. Not surprisingly, this measure of labor-market success was highest for the two sites that operated the JHU program, which was designed to serve persons who were already employed. In these sites Baltimore County and St. Lucie County most enrollees were employed when they entered the program, and more than 90 percent were employed at some time during the following year (Exhibit IV.1).(34) In the other nine study sites, the range of this measure is narrow, with a low value of 65 percent for Boston and Chicago and a high of 80 percent for West Virginia and Yakima.
Although most WtW enrollees in the study sites were employed at some time during the year following enrollment, substantial minorities of enrollees in the non-JHU sites failed to achieve even this modest level of labor-market success. Between one in five and one in three enrollees were not employed at all during the follow-up year in the non-JHU sites.